Frankish Kingdoms 814 898

Frankish Kingdoms 814 ? 898 ? The West Essay, Research Paper

Title to Louis ? three things: churches would be

assailed by wicked men, honoroes wrongly given or withdrawn dispute in

royal family ? basis Charlemagne?s power not necessarily solution for

successor. Still really a conglomeration of kingdoms, sunb

kingdoms ? Provence, Septimania, Burgundy ? Louis kept tradition installs

14 yr old son Pippin to Aquitaine and Lothar to Bavaria ? Italy not his as

C given to eldest son Pippin, dies 810 then given to illegitimate son

Bernard ? churchmen calling for legitimacy in succession ? trouble. Louis gets rid of Charlemagne?s old guard, uses

levers of patronage to put in his own entourage. Upon death Louis, like divisio of father, kingdom

to one son ? sub kingdoms still set up. Luis youngest son Louis given Bavaria ? Lothar made

co-emperor ? Lothar and factions gained support at court, imperial titles

and papal involvement if 816 thought going to rule Italy ? Bernard felt

threatened and rebelled ? other repercussions as royal family war focuses

for other rivalries in the regions. Bernard killed and harsh persecution supports in

Lombardy, Louis also tonsures half brothers ? Lothar becomes ascendant at

court Louis marries Judith to secure support east of the

Rhine ? weakens position sosn by first marriage so Lothar asks for own

regnum ? Neustria and Loire valley rich, fertile, monasteries, countships

etc.? Lothar sought marriage 821

and went for Hugh?s daughter Ermengard. 822 reconciliation ? rebels 818 Bernard forgiven and

half brothers back into the fold ? Lothar sent to rule Italy and Pippin of

Aquitiane married and despatched to the west. Louis showed concern for overall control in the

West ? foolish attempt in Spain led to downfall of Hugh and Matfrid ?

Bernard and Odo replace the,. Roots Louis crisis in West ? interest Louis and

sons collided ? Lothar after Neustria, Pippin resentful father?s

interferences ? coincide factional conflict magnates and in 830 High and

Matfrid eek revenge via rebellion ? Pippin invited in to join the

rebellion ? Judith bears Charles the Bald as son Louis in 823 ? Lothar as

special protector 0 create regnum for Charles in 829 ? offends Lothar as

given Alemannia, Alsace, chur and Burgundy ? lands Lothar wanted as

strategic corridor Francia and Italy ? Lothar bitter Judith and Brnard

influence at court his lack of influence in Francia. Rebels attacked by Louis with help of Louis of

Bavarisa stand firm ? pre cursor as in 831 Pippin rude back to Aquitaine

support with Bernard ? Louis deprives Pippin of Aquitaine and gave it to

Charles Pippin and brothers with Pope Gregory IV depose

Louis ? Pippin changes mind and marches from Aqutiainee ? Lothar out

manoeuvred and withdraws ? Lothar then fights Louis? men ? Louis had many

men killed but restores control. Louis sent Lothar, Hugh and Matfrid to

italy ? bishops used to stabilise control. Louis determined to secure succession 837, 38 lands

to Charles ? Pippin dies 838 disinherits Aquitaine and to Charles ?

resentment but Charles and Judith struggle on ? Louis dies 840 when trying

to fight off Louis the German in Rhineland. Weakened by 833??

Lack of government documents to 840 say yes, but neighbours still

respected in and control of minting 0 scored well father?s three criteria

? protested against spoliations of the church ? regna of Italy and

Aquitaine, distributed honores well avoiding rebels, imposed will in

family politics disinheriting grandsons, ruthless suppression Louis the

German keeping Lothar in Italy ? West where conflicts 833-4 won where he wanted

Charles to inherit ? Charles and uis pitted against Lother and Pippin II

in 841 ? importance Starbourg Oaths before discussing terms ? when King

fought self-interested aristocrats seldom certain how to pursue their

interests successfully ? Nilthard ? sometimes treacheorus, loyalty to

deaths prod emperor to peace settlement ? 843 Treaty of Verdun ? Lothar,

Louis and Charles trade off competing interests those Kings and their men. Three way split Frankish heartlands, abandon model

of 817 Lother and father ? continuing quest imperial unity ? Lothat tried

to make good his rights as family head and protector emperor wide church ?

death 855 son Louis II maintain imperia tradition.? Three mingdoms Lothar split his into 3

upon death, north of Alps redivided 869 absorbed into Charles and Louis I

? 843 ? 879 series ephemeral maps of the Carolingian regna ? further

revisions 888. Borders drawn at Verdun ? aristocratic interest as

well as wealth ? everyone wanted Frankish heartlands and sued aristocratic

influence in? bits not theirs. 844 Charles unexpected defeat in absence in

Aquitaine ? cause Pippin II new life ? Lothar gave support 845 and 848

Pippin II issued coins and charters ? Charles work hard to defeat him

again? -relations with Lothar improve

as try for succession of son ? threatened by Louis the German?s son Louis

the Younger in 854 and Louis the German in 858. Chalres trying to divide own kingdom with Luis

given Neustria and Charles given Aquitaine ? 860s elder sons rebelled and

Chalres crushed them ? greater automy was the aim as Charles held them on

a tight reign no charters or coins ? Charles of Aquitiane died 866 ? 867

Louis the Stammerer send to Aquitaine Room for more improvement in Lothar?s Italy ? son

Louis UU no child and Lothar died undivorced 869 ? Charles made a grab and

took Aachen in 869 but Louis recovered 870 Lother?s uncles divided up kingdom but Charles

did not get Aachen and bits he did get provoked Carolman rebellion to get

own kingdom ? Carloman tries for royal power Frankish heartlands using

some of Charles? aristocratic support ? Louis the German threatens to

intervene ? Charles puts down Carloman ferociously, then supported Louis

the German?s son in rebellion After 873 Louis the Stammerer the only son left,

made son marry another woman for personal kin support ? Boso brother in

law ? ruthless paterfamilias. 875 Louis II of Italy died ? crowned emperor Xmas

Day 875 ? Louis the German and son Louis the Younger ravish Francia, not

for territorial gain, but for plunder, aristocratic disturbance and to get

Charles out of Italy where Louis hoped to install his eldest son

Karlmann.? Gave Italy to Boso as

Viceroy and went to Fracnia restore region 876 Louis the German dies ? Chares moves not to

disinherit support but acquire lands west of Rhine acquired against Lothar

in 843 ? Chalres lost at Andernach but did not lose territory ? lost men,

treasure and equipment, Aachen beyond his reach. 877 resiliently keeps going into Italy ? Louis the

Stammerer in charge Francia ? Boso rebels for Charles, but Francia based

kingdom ? died 877 on way back.


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