– David Elliot Essay, Research Paper
Notion that an artist?s individual
conscience or sensibility can lead to personal or universal redemption is
in direct opposition to corporate view of culture, violently repudiated by
Hitler and Stalin. Immanuel Kant ? Critiques ?
subjective but altruistic – - symbolically and intuitively Absolute ?
universal moral consciousness ? Art purely an end in itself Rousseau ? ?The sciences, letters
and arts /// wind garlands of flowers around the iron chains that bind
[the people] and stifle in them the feeling of that original liberty for
which they seemed to have been born ? makes them love their slavery and
turn them into what are called civilized people? Under despotism ? art had
reflected and reinforced the immoral power of the state ? Rousseau search
for freedom and quality demanded a moral sense should pervade all aspects
of culture ? autonomy in the arts represented a field of non-specific ,
secular, symbolic and intransigent morality. Dictators saw themselves as
successors to revolution ? not despots but the people gilding the chains ?
noble savage lost his autonomy and his integrity Germnay USSR and Italy ?
increasingly intense battles for control of art and culture ? integral
part of establishment of power Cultural revolutions ? way of
getting rid of enemies at home. Cultural revolutions took place
during which all autonomous modernism was eliminated to be replaced by
compliant officialdom. End of WW2 ? Europe characterized
by a terrible vacuum where once stood people, language and art. Federal Republic ? merits of
abstraction over realism ? rejigging controversy between individual
freedom and collective democracy ? GDP Darmstadt Dialogues of 1950 ?
Willi Baumeister defends abstract art from attack by realists blamed
modern art for ?loss in the center? of culture USSR ? Zhadonov, Malenkov
increasingly constricted concept of art ? autonomous art slow to come back
to life. Point at which art becomes a
weapon is point when it loses its power ? when power tries to enlist art
for its own purposes, it runs the risk of curtailing other basic freedoms. Free society ? art is a reflection
of its complexity and an intimation of its capacity for change ? often
incompatible or critical relationship with the culture in which it is made
0 politics of totalitarianism or been consensus ? democracy elevated at
expense of freedom Art should be valued not only for
itself but also as a sign and guarantor of other freedoms ?pecks the hand
that solicitously tries to feed it?