Hiroshima, Nagasaki, And The World Essay, Research Paper
Einstein first told president Roosevelt about the tremendous power of fused uranium in the late 1930?s. Soon after this news from Einstein the atom bomb was built and tested. With bombs ready, Truman is faced with a decision. America is in the middle of World War II with no end in sight. He decides to deploy two atomic bombs on two Japanese cities. Hiroshima and Nagasaki were the two fateful cities. The atomic bombs give relief to America because it ends the war. Even though America wins the war they defeat the whole purpose of keeping the world secure by bringing turbulence not only to Japan, but the rest of the world. Truman stops the torture and death for American soldiers fighting in the war. Truman, though, showed total disregard for the well being of the world.
Uranium was the explosive used in both bombs. The explosion of an atomic bomb is equal to 15,000 tons of TNT. In the bomb, a piece of uranium is propelled into a larger piece of uranium and they fuse into a phase called critical mass. After this a chain reaction of fission occurs. In fission, atoms are split, and neutrons hit each other causing supplementary fission. Fission causes an enormous amount of energy in the form of extreme heat, a massive shock wave, and the lasting effect of radiation. As soon as the bomb explodes a wave of heat ranging from 1,000 to 15,000 degrees engulfs everything in a mile radius. The shock wave destroyed most of the buildings within the mile radius. After the blast, radiation from gamma rays and neutrons cause death and injury.
The bombs caused death in Japan and feelings of insecurity for the remainder of the world. The bomb called,? Little Boy,? was dropped on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945 at approximately 8:15 a.m. Three days before the bombing fliers were dropped from aircrafts warning Hiroshima that they were going to be victims of a destructive weapon. The bomb was dropped from the altitude of six miles by a B-52 bomber named Enola Gay. The bomb exploded a thousand feet from ground. It leveled five square city miles. In this bombing 70,000 innocent people died. It was said that everybody in the city lost somebody. After the blast a metal lunch pale of a schoolgirl was found about 1,000 feet from the blast, she was not. Inside her lunch pale they found her lunch carbonized like a piece of wood after sitting in a fire for a few hours. Three days later in Nagasaki, the second bomb named,? Fat Man,? was dropped. Nagasaki was bombed only after the city the pilot meant to bomb was too foggy to execute. In this bombing 40,000 people died. In total 110,000 people die from America?s attack. A man from Nagasaki had his body burnt so badly that the skin on his face was cooked like the outside of a charred steak and his eyes were sealed shut. The bomb affected the whole world in a profound way. America was happy that they had won the war, but they soon realized that their president had committed a colossal mistake. Japan was bewildered by the presence of the two nuclear weapons. They surrendered, stopping further chaos to erupt in their country. The country mourns for the deaths of 110,000 countrymen. The world looks at America as a nation that cares only about its own well being.
Truman gave the okay for the bombs to be dropped. Einstein?s opinion paved the way for the atomic bombs to be made. Truman made a decision to use these bombs in World War II. He thought that he would do a great deed to the world by putting an end to this war, but just the opposite happened. America was given a bad name because of this incident.