Buddhism. Essay, Research Paper
1. Buddhism is a major world religion, founded in northeastern
India and based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, who is
known as the Buddha, or Enlightened One. Buddhism today is
divided into two major branches known to their respective
followers as Theravada, the Way of the Elders, and Mahayana, the
2. Religion and philosophy (of Buddhism) founded in India in the
6th and 5th cent. B.C. by Siddhartha Gautama, called the Buddha.
One of the great Asian religions, it teaches the practice of
Meditation and the observance of moral precepts
3. The basic doctrines include the four noble truths taught by
the Buddha: existence is suffering; the cause of suffering is
desire; there is a cessation of suffering, called Nirvana, or
total relief; and there is a path leading to the end of
suffering, the eightfold noble path of right views, right
resolve, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right
effort, right mindfulness, and right concentration
In Buddhism a state of supreme state; liberation from suffering,
one’s bondage to the repeating cycle of death and rebirth, which
is brought about by desire. Nirvana is attainable in life through
moral discipline and the practice of Yoga, leading to the
extinction of all attachment and ignorance.
Karma is a basic concept common to Buddhism. The doctrine holds
that one’s state in this life is the result of physical and
mental actions in past incarnations(lives) and that present
action can determine one’s destiny in future incarnations. Karma
is a natural, impersonal law of moral cause and effect; only
those who have attained Nirvana, or liberation from rebirth, can
Buddhism’s belief that a person has religious and moral things to
do during his or her lives.
Yoga is a general term for spiritual disciplines, followed for
centuries by the followers of Buddhism, to attain higher
liberation from ignorance, suffering, and rebirth.
8. The Buddha (Buddhism’s “god”, Buddha is the person who
introduced Buddhism) refused to appoint a successor, instead he
told his followers to work out their own salvation. The monastic
order met periodically to reach agreement on matters of doctrine
and practice. These councils compiled the Buddhist scriptures,
set standards of monastic discipline, and sent out missionaries.
In time, subdivisions developed within Buddhism. While the more conservative monks continued to honor the Buddha as a perfectly
enlightened human teacher, the liberal Mahasanghikas developed a
concept of the Buddha as an eternal, omnipresent, transcendental
9. For several centuries after the death of the Buddha, the
scriptural traditions recited at the councils were transmitted
orally. These were finally written down in about the 1st century
BC. The Buddhist law is known as the Tipitaka. It consists of
three collections of writings: the Sutra Pitaka, a collection of
discourses; the Vinaya Pitaka, the code of monastic discipline;
and the Abhidharma Pitaka, which contains philosophical,
psychological, and doctrinal discussions and classifications.
10. Buddhism spread rapidly throughout the land of its birth.
Missionaries introduced the religion to southern India, to the
northwest part of the subcontinent, and to Sri Lanka. Buddhism
had reached Burma (now known as Myanmar) by the 5th century AD.
It was adopted by the Thai people between the 1100s and 1300s,
and then moved into Laos and Cambodia. About the beginning of the
Christian era, Buddhism was carried to Central Asia. From there
it entered China by the early 1st century AD, influencing Chinese
culture and, in turn, adapting itself to Chinese ways. Buddhism
also expanded into Vietnam, Korea, and Japan. Buddhism was first
introduced into Tibet in the AD 600s and soon became a
significant force in Tibetan culture. Several important new sects
of Buddhism developed in China.
1. I do not mind where it was founded but I really think they
should not divided it into two major branches because there a lot
of people believe that religion and there may be a lot of
differences and battles for belief. Also if a person believes in
one branch but lives in a place where most people believe in
other branch, there could be a problem living in that
2. I do not know about you but I think this is pretty old
religion. This Siddhartha Gautama person is pretty smart and is a
thinker because it is not really easy to think up such a big and
interesting religion which is advancing even in the present days,
this religion took up a lot of people into it’s hands.
3. This idea of suffering is really correct if you think about it
because if there is life there is suffering; you always have to
suffer to gain some thing in this live for example I have to
suffer to do this project so I can get a good grade, so I would
be appreciated, so I could get into a good college and get a good
high paying career, by the time you finish reading my example I
hope you would understand what I mean. But about the relief thing
I think that is something that is impossible to be done in real
4. As I said in the paragraph above I do not thing there is a
possibility of having a relief from suffering especially by using
5. The only reason I believe in this is because I believe in
reincarnations, I believe that anything that everything that you
do is effecting your next life and the life after that.
6.I also think so because if a person wants a good live then he
or she has to do something to promoted and get a new and better
live or you’ll be exactly the same boring live.
7. I’ve tried yoga and I still do not understand where is the
discipline there all I found is physical exercise and some
stretching but I got to say It was fun and challenging.
8.I think it is pretty good that Buddha did not assign any one
because there would be any people that are miserable and people
who are high in society class.
9. I think everything should’ve been written earlier because
orally things could be lost and forgotten, and everybody trusts
the good old pen and paper.
10. The only thing I can say here os wow, this religion
multiplied and adopted so fast I thing people did not even notice
that they converted.
1)How come there are thousands of religions that are alike
Buddhism but they don’t get alone?
2)People had writing in 6th century, how come the belief was not
3)Why didn’t Siddhartha Gautama make a god like most other
4)What encouraged Siddhartha Gautama to make this beliefs?
5)If all life has suffering, life after death it doesn’t have
suffering, how come?
1)Microsoft Encarta 97 Deluxe
2)Microsoft Bookshelf 98
3)Encyclopedia.com (searched for “Buddhism”)
Комментариев на модерации: 2.