Hamlet Themes Essay Research Paper In the

Hamlet Themes Essay, Research Paper

In the play, ?Hamlet?, by William Shakespeare. the theme of this play is

revenge. William Shakespeare was born in April, 1564 in Stratford, Warwickshire,

about 100 miles northwest of London. According to the records of Stratford’s

Holy Trinity Church, he was baptized on April 26. Since it was customary to

baptize infants within days of birth, and since Shakespeare died 52 years later

on April 23, and–most significantly–since April 23 is St. George’s day, the

patron saint of England, it has become traditional to assign the birth day of

England’s most famous poet to April 23. Shakespeare’s parents were John and Mary

Shakespeare, who lived in Henley Street, Stratford. John, the son of Richard

Shakespeare, was a whittawer (a maker, worker and seller of leather goods such

as purses, belts and gloves) and a dealer in agricultural commodities. He was a

solid, middle class citizen at the time of William’s birth, and a man on the

rise. He served in Stratford government successively as a member of the Council

(1557), constable (1558), chamberlain (1561), alderman (1565) and finally high

bailiff (1568)–the equivalent of town mayor. About 1577 John Shakespeare’s

fortunes began to decline for unknown reasons. There are records of debts. In

1586 he was replaced as alderman for slacking responsibilities, and in 1592 was

reprimanded for not coming to church for fear of process of debt. Mary, the

daughter of Robert Arden, had in all eight children with John Shakespeare.

William was the third child and the first son. Shakespeare attended the

Stratford grammar school now known as The King?s New School. On November 28,

1582, the Bishop of Worcester issued the marriage bond for "William

Shagspere" and "Ann Hathaway of Stratford." On May 26, 1583,

their first daughter Susanna was baptized. Two years later, twins were born,

named Hamnet and Judith, named after Hamnet and Judith Sadler, apparently

lifetime friends to Shakespeare. Throughout his life, William Shakespeare has

written many works that illustrated society and the psychological aspects of it.

Examples of his works include ?Love?s Labours Lost? (1593), ?King

John? (1596) and ?Romeo Juliet? (1595). Shakespeare died on April 23, 1616

and was buried in the chancel of Holy Trinity Church April 25. On the slab over



MY BONES. This thesis statement is appealing because when I read the play it

made me think about how people always use revenge for motivation to achieve

their goals. Such as Hamlet when he used revenge to avenge his father?s death.

I feel that revenge is a great motivation tool because for those people who feel

that they need to avenge something, it can be a very self satisfying that they

had fought for what was once lost. Hamlet is often called an "Elizabethan

revenge play." All the action of Hamlet is based on the one task the ghost

sets the prince: to avenge his father’s murder. This powerful demand is

countered in Hamlet’s mind by three questions: Is revenge a good or an evil act?

Is Claudius truly guilty and so to be punished? Is it Hamlet’s responsibility to

punish him? Throughout the play Shakespeare raises questions about whether

justice is to be left to the state or taken into one’s own hands, and about

whether it is possible, in a cunning and deceitful world, to tell the good man

from the criminal. These questions are focused on Hamlet, who must decide

whether to avenge his father or not, and if so, how. They are reflected in the

parallel stories of Fortinbras and Laertes, who also have obligations of revenge

to fulfill. The Serpent that did sting thy father’s life Now wears his crown (I,

v) The ghost of Hamlet’s father speaks these lines in explaining to Hamlet that

Claudius murdered him, and that Hamlet must avenge his father’s death. These

lines set the stage for the basic plot in the play. To be, or not to be,–that

is the question:–Whether ’tis nobler in the mind to suffer, the slings and

arrows of outrageous fortune Or to take arms against a sea of troubles … (III,

i) The beginning of the most famous soliloquy in the play, and probably in the

English language. Hamlet meditates on life’s most basic philosophical dilemma,

namely life and whether it is worth living. Is it nobler to accept life’s

hardships quietly, or is death preferable? In the story Laertes?s father also

dies and decides to avenge his father?s death right away unlike Hamlet who

waits until the end. According to Joel Sommer Littauer ?Hamlet swears revenge.

But rather than swoop instantly to that revenge, Hamlet pretends to be insane in

order to mask an investigation of the accusation brought by his father’s ghost.

Why Hamlet puts on this "antic disposition" and delays in killing

Claudius is the central question of the play. But Hamlet did not swear to his

dead father that he, detective-like, would investigate. Hamlet swore revenge.

And he has more than enough motivation to exact revenge.? Hamlet investigates

his fathers murder by acting all disassociated. ?The reasons for Hamlet’s

obsession with exacting revenge against Claudius are fairly straightforward. The

ghost of Hamlet Sr. informed Hamlet that Claudius killed Hamlet Sr. and thus

usurped him from his throne. In doing so, he emasculated Hamlet by robbing him

of his central role model of masculinity, namely his father. He also committed

the moral and political sin of regicide, and the familial sin of killing his

brother and subsequently sleeping with his wife. Claudius also deprived Hamlet

of his rightful kingship, since Hamlet was second in line after Hamlet Sr. In

addition, Hamlet now knows that his love of his mother is corrupted since she is

affectionate towards his emasculating enemy. ? ( Elliot, 22) Elliot was saying

that Hamlet?s father returned to inform him that Claudius killed him. Hamlet

then realized that Claudius has not only killed his father, he denied him of

being king. In the play, ?Hamlet? by William Shakespeare, I believe that the

theme of this play is revenge. Throughout the story, Hamlet is contemplating

about revenge (against whom? and why?). Hamlet wasn?t sure if he found it

worth while risking his own life to avenge his father?s .He challenged

Claudius to fight. He kills him, yet Hamlet dies because of poison that was on

Laertes sword before he fought Claudius. Revenge isn?t worth killing anyone

like Hamlet did. Its like a game, if you are defeated by an opponent, you will

always remember what had happened so you can be better prepared the next time

you face them . But in life I don?t think its right to go out and kill someone

like Hamlet did or Laertes. Say you do kill someone to avenge a person?s

death. Where does that take you? It doesn?t take you anywhere. Mostly likely

you will end up in jail for a long time. People always say ?revenge is

sweet? but there are many different ways of handling situations such as


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