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Арканоид на Паскале

Министерство общего и профессионального образования РФ Белгородская Государственная Технологическая Академия Строительных Материалов. Кафедра ПОВТиАС

Àðêàíîèä íà Ïàñêàëå

Ìèíèñòåðñòâî îáùåãî è ïðîôåññèîíàëüíîãî îáðàçîâàíèÿ ÐÔ

Áåëãîðîäñêàÿ Ãîñóäàðñòâåííàÿ Òåõíîëîãè÷åñêàÿ Àêàäåìèÿ

Ñòðîèòåëüíûõ Ìàòåðèàëîâ.

Êàôåäðà ÏÎÂÒèÀÑ

Âûïîëíèë:

Ñòóäåíò ôàêóëüòåòà ÀÏèÈÒ

Ãðóïïû ÏÂ-22

Ìàðêåëîâ Äåíèñ

Ðóêîâîäèòåëü:

Áåëãîðîä – 2000.

ÑÎÄÅÐÆÀÍÈÅ

1. ÏÐÅÄÈÑËÎÂÈÅ

2. ÂÂÅÄÅÍÈÅ

3. ÇÀÄÀÍÈÅ ÊÓÐÑÎÂÎÉ ÐÀÁÎÒÛ

4. ÏÐÀÂÈËÀ ÏÎËÜÇÎÂÀÍÈß ÏÐÎÃÐÀÌÌÎÉ «ÀÐÊÀÍÎÈÄ»

5. ÈÑÏÎËÜÇÓÅÌÛÅ ÑÒÐÓÊÒÓÐÛ ÄÀÍÍÛÕ

6. ÈÑÏÎËÜÇÓÅÌÛÅ ÌÎÄÓËÈ

7. ÑÏÅÖÈÔÈÊÀÖÈß ÏÎÄÏÐÎÃÐÀÌÌ

8. ÒÅÊÑÒ ÏÐÎÃÐÀÌÌÛ È ÑÊÎÍÑÒÐÓÈÐÎÂÀÍÍÛÕ ÌÎÄÓËÅÉ

9. ïðàâèëà ïîëüçîâàíèÿ äîïîëíèòåëüíîé ïðîãðàììîé äëÿ ïîñòðîåíèÿ óðîâíåé «MARKEDIT»

10. ÑÏÅÖÈÔÈÊÀÖÈß ÏÎÄÏÐÎÃÐÀÌÌ Â ÏÐÎÃÐÀÌÌÅ «MARKEDIT»

11. ÒÅÊÑÒ ÏÐÎÃÐÀÌÌÛ «MARKEDIT” È ÑÊÎÍÑÒÐÓÈÐÎÂÀÍÍÛÕ ÌÎÄÓËÅÉ

12. ÑÏÈÑÎÊ ÈÑÏÎËÜÇÓÅÌÎÉ ËÈÒÅÐÀÒÓÐÛ

Ïðåäèñëîâèå

ßçûê Òóðáî Ïàñêàëü – ýòî îäèí èç ñàìûõ ðàñïðîñòðàí¸ííûõ ÿçûêîâ ïðîãðàììèðîâàíèÿ ìèêðîêîìïüþòåðîâ. Îí ðàçðàáîòàí ôèðìîé «Áîðëàíä» êàê äèàëåêò ñòàíäàðòíîãî ÿçûêà Ïàñêàëü, íî áëàãîäàðÿ ñâîåé ïîïóëÿðíîñòè ñàì ñòàë ñòàíäàðòîì ÿçûêà ïðîãðàììèðîâàíèÿ 8- è 16-ðàçðÿäíûõ ìèêðîêîìïüþòåðîâ.

Ê âàæíåéøèì äîñòîèíñòâàì ÿçûêà Òóðáî Ïàñêàëü îòíîñÿòñÿ íåáîëüøîé ðàçìåð êîìïèëÿòîðà, âûñîêàÿ ñòåïåíü ñîîòâåòñòâèÿ ñòàíäàðòíîìó Ïàñêàëþ, î÷åíü áûñòðàÿ êîìïèëÿöèÿ ïðîãðàìì, îáúåäèíåíèå êîìïèëÿòîðà ñ èíòåðàêòèâíûì ýêðàííûì ðåäàêòîðîì, ïðåäóïðåæäåíèå îá îøèáêàõ íà óðîâíå èñõîäíîé ïðîãðàììû, îáøèðíàÿ áèáëèîòåêà ïîäïðîãðàìì è ïîëåçíûå ðàñøèðåíèÿ, óïðîùàþùèå ñèñòåìíîå ïðîãðàììèðîâàíèå.

Ââåäåíèå

Îäíîé èç îñíîâíûõ ïðîáëåì, ñ êîòîðîé ñòàëêèâàþòñÿ â ïðîöåññå ïðîãðàììèðîâàíèÿ, ÿâëÿåòñÿ íàïèñàíèå ïðîãðàììû, íå ñîäåðæàùåé îøèáîê. Îøèáêó íàèáîëåå ïîëíî ìîæíî îïðåäåëèòü êàê ðàñõîæäåíèå ïîâåäåíèÿ ïðîãðàììû ñ îæèäàíèÿìè ïîëüçîâàòåëÿ. Ñþäà âõîäèò êàê íåñîîòâåòñòâèå ðåçóëüòàòîâ èñõîäíûì äàííûì, òàê è äðóãèå, ïîðîé áîëåå îïàñíûå ýôôåêòû: çàöèêëèâàíèå, àâàðèéíàÿ îñòàíîâêà ïðîãðàìì è ò.ï.

Íàèáîëåå ÿâíî íàáëþäàåìûìè èñòîðè÷åñêèìè òåíäåíöèÿìè â ïðîãðàììèðîâàíèè ÿâëÿþòñÿ íåïðåðûâíûé ðîñò ïîëüçîâàòåëüñêèõ òðåáîâàíèé, ëàâèíîîáðàçíîå óñëîæíåíèå ôóíêöèîíàëüíîñòè ïðîãðàììû è, êàê ñëåäñòâèå, - óñëîæíåíèå å¸ ðàçðàáîòêè. ñâÿçè ñ óâåëè÷åíèåì òðóäî¸ìêîñòè ïðîãðàìíûõ ñðåäñòâ âîçíèêëà íåîáõîäèìîñòü âûðàáîòêè èíòåëëåêòóàëüíûõ èíñòðóìåíòîâ, ïîçâîëÿþùèõ ðàçðàáîò÷èêàì ñïðàâëÿòüñÿ ñ âîçðîñøåé ñëîæíîñòüþ ñâîåãî òðóäà.

 íàñòîÿùèé ìîìåíò ìîæíî óòâåðæäàòü, ÷òî ïðàêòè÷åñêè êàæäàÿ ïðîãðàììà ñîñòàâëÿåòñÿ ñ ïðèìåíåíèåì òîé èëè èíîé òåõíîëîãèè ïðîãðàììèðîâàíèÿ.

«Â ñâÿçè ñ òåì,÷òî çà ïîñëåäíèå äåñÿòü èëè ïÿòüíàäöàòü ëåò ïðîèçâîäèòåëüíîñòü âû÷èñëèòåëüíûõ ìàøèí óâåëè÷èëàñü â òûñÿ÷è ðàç, ïîëüçîâàòåëè ñòàëè ãîðàçäî áîëåå áåñöåðåìîííûìè ïðè âûáîðå ïðîáëåì, êîòîðûå îíè ñ÷èòàþò «òåõíè÷åñêè ðàçðåøèìûìè». Ïîëüçîâàòåëè õîòÿò, ÷òîáû ðàçìåðû, ñëîæíîñòü è èçîùð¸ííîñòü ïðîãðàìì óâåëè÷èâàëàñü èñêëþ÷èòåëüíî áûñòðûìè òåìïàìè, è â ïîñëåäíèå ãîäû ñòàëî î÷åâèäíûì, ÷òî â öåëîì íàøè ïðîãðàììèñòñêèå âîçìîæíîñòè íå ïîñïåâàþò çà ýòèìè íåóìåðåííûìè àïïåòèòàìè».

Ïî ìåðå òîãî, êàê ìîùü êîìïüþòåðîâ ðîñëà, à îáëàñòü ïðèìåíåíèÿ âñ¸ ðàñøèðÿëàñü, óâåëè÷èâàëèñü íå òîëüêî ðàçìåðû, è ñëîæíîñòü ïðîãðàìì, íî è êîëè÷åñòâî îøèáîê â íèõ.

Ãëàâíîé çàäà÷åé ñîâðåìåííîãî ïðîãðàììèñòà ïðè íàïèñàíèè ïðîãðàììû ÿâëÿåòñÿ íå ïîäâåãàíèå å¸ áåñêîíå÷íûì òåñòèðîâàíèÿì, à òùàòåëüíûé, ïîëíûé àíàëèç èñõîäíîãî òåêñòà ïðîãðàììû, à òàêæå îòëàäêà ïðîãðàììû ñ ïîìîùüþ äîïîëíèòåëüíûõ ïðîãðàìíûõ ñðåäñòâ.

Çàäàíèå íà ïðîåêòèðîâàíèå

Ðàçðàáîòàòü àëãîðèòì èãðû «ÀÐÊÀÍÎÈÄ», öåëü êîòîðîé çàêëþ÷àåòñÿ â íàáîðå êàê ìîæíî áîëüøåãî êîëè÷åñòâà î÷êîâ, êîòîðûå óâåëè÷èâàþòñÿ ïðè âûáèâàíèè î÷åðåäíîãî êóáèêà.

Ïðè âûáèâàíèè âñåõ êóáèêîâ òåêóùåãî óðîâíÿ îñóùåñòâëÿåòñÿ ïåðåõîä íà ñëåäóþùèé óðîâåíü, êîëè÷åñòâî êîòîðûõ – äåñÿòü.

 êîíöå èãðû â çàâèñèìîñòè îò êîëè÷åñòâà íàáðàííûõ î÷êîâ, ââåä¸ííîå ïî çàïðîñó ïðîãðàììû èìÿ èãðîêà äîëæíî áûòü çàíåñåíî â äåñÿòêó ëó÷øèõ è çàïèñàíî â ôàéë.

Íàä ðàìêîé, â òå÷åíèå èãðû äîëæíû îòîáðàæàòüñÿ:

1) ¹ òåêóùåãî ýòàïà;

2) êîëè÷åñòâî îñòàâøèõñÿ æèçíåé, ïåðâîíà÷àëüíî êîòîðûõ – 10;

1. êîëè÷åñòâî îñòàâøèõñÿ êóáèêîâ;

2. êîëè÷åñòâî íàáðàííûõ î÷êîâ.

Ïðàâèëà ïîëüçîâàíèÿ ïðîãðàììîé:

1. çàïóñòèòü MARKBALL.EXE

2. âûáðàòü ÷åì èãðàòü:

2a) ìûøü

2á) êëàâèàòóðà

3. âûáðàòü ñêîðîñòü øàðèêà

4. âûáðàòü ðàçìåð ïëàíêè

Èñïîëüçóåìûå ñòðóêòóðû äàííûõ:

type t_kubik=0..640;

t_dx_dy=-1..1;

t_arr=array[1..494] of t_kubik;

kol_kubik=0..247;

t_kubik – çíà÷åíèÿ âñåõ ïåðåìåííûõ, èñïîëüçóåìûõ â ïðîãðàììå, çàäàíû â ýòèõ ïðåäåëàõ (è íå áîëåå);

t_dx_dy – çíà÷åíèå, êîòîðîå ïðèíèìàåò êîýôôèöèåíò, îò êîòîðîãî çàâèñèò íàïðàâëåíèå äâèæåíèÿ ïî îñè ÎÕ èëè ÎÓ;

t_arr – çíà÷åíèÿ êîîðäèíàò, êîòîðûå ïðèíèìàåò êóáèê, â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñî ñâîèì îòîáðàæåíèåì (èçîáðàæåíèåì) íà ýêðàíå;

kol_kubik – ìàêñèìàëüíîå êîëè÷åñòâî êóáèêîâ;

Èñïîëüçóåìûå ìîäóëè:

Ñòàíäàðòíûå:

1. CRT;

2. GRAPH;

3. WINDOS – ìîäóëü òðåáóåìûé ñêîíñòðóèðóåìûì ìîäóëåì MYMOUSE;

4. STRINGS – ìîäóëü òðåáóåìûé ñêîíñòðóèðóåìûì ìîäóëåì MYMOUSE;

Ñêîíñòðóèðîâàííûå:

1. MARKEL – îñíîâíûå èãðîâûå ïîäïðîãðàììû;

2. MARK_ZAS – ñîäåðæèò èíñòðóìåíòàðèé èíòåðôåéñà (çàñòàâêà, ïîìîùü, ñ÷¸ò ëó÷øèõ èãðîêîâ â êîíöå èãðû);

3. MYMOUSE – ðàáîòà ñ ìûøüþ

Ñïåöèôèêàöèÿ ïîäïðîãðàìì:

Ìîäóëü MARKEL

1. procedure livs(var liv:byte);

Íàçíà÷åíèå: ñ÷èòàåò îñòàâøèåñÿ æèçíè, åñëè ÷èñëî æèçíåé áóäåò ðàâíî íóëþ, òî âûâîäèò íà ýêðàí ìèãàþùóþ íàäïèñü: «YOU HAVE LOST»;

Âõîäíûå äàííûå: liv – ÷èñëî æèçíåé;

Âûõîäíûå äàííûå: liv – îñòàâøèåñÿ êîëè÷åñòâî æèçíåé;

2. procedure perehod_level(const numbering:byte);

Íàçíà÷åíèå: âûâîäèò ïî ñåðåäèíå ýêðàíà íàäïèñü, ñîîòâåòñòâóþùóþ íà÷àëó íîâîãî ýòàïà;

Âõîäíûå äàííûå: numbering – íîìåð íîâîãî ýòàïà;

Âûõîäíûå äàííûå: íåò;

3. procedure planka_sharik(koeff:byte);

Íàçíà÷åíèå: ðèñóåò ïëàíêó, ðàçìåðîì, îïðåäåë¸ííûì îò çíà÷åíèÿ koeff, ïîñåðåäèíå ýêðàíà è øàðèê íàä íåé;

Âõîäíûå äàííûå: koeff – ÷èñëî îïðåäåëÿþùåå ðàçìåð ïëàíêè;

Âûõîäíûå äàííûå: íåò;

4. procedure musik;

Íàçíà÷åíèå: âûäà¸ò çâóêîâîé ñèãíàë, ñîîòâåòñòâóþùèé êàêîìó-ëèáî êàñàíèþ øàðèêà î ÷òî íèáóäü;

Âõîäíûå äàííûå: íåò;

Âûõîäíûå äàííûå: íåò;

5.procedure izchez_vv_niz(var dy:t_dx_dy;x,y,i:t_kubik;var a:t_arr;var kol_kub:kol_kubik);

Íàçíà÷åíèå: îïðåäåëÿåò êîñíóëñÿ ëè øàðèê êóáèêà î âåðõíþþ èëè íèæíþþ ãðàíü;

Âõîäíûå äàííûå:

2. dy – íàïðàâëåíèå äâèæåíèÿ øàðèêà ïî îñè Y;

3. x,y – òåêóùèå êîîðäèíàòû öåíòðà øàðèêà;

4. i – çíà÷åíèå, îò êîòîðîãî çàâèñèò êàêèå êóáèêè ïðîâåðÿòü íà ñáèâàíèå;

5. a – ìàññèâ êîîðäèíàò êóáèêîâ;

6. kol_kub – êîëè÷åñòâî êóáèêîâ íà äàííûé ìîìåíò;

Âûõîäíûå äàííûå:

7. dy – èçìåí¸ííîå íàïðàâëåíèå äâèæåíèÿ øàðèêà ïî îñè Y;

8. a – èçìåí¸ííûé ìàññèâ êîîðäèíàò êóáèêîâ;

9. kol_kub – èçìåí¸ííîå êîëè÷åñòâî êóáèêîâ;

6. procedure bok_bok(var dx:t_dx_dy;x,y:t_kubik;var a:t_arr;var kol_kub:kol_kubik);

Íàçíà÷åíèå: îïðåäåëÿåò êîñíóëñÿ ëè øàðèê êóáèêà î ëåâóþ èëè ïðàâóþ ãðàíü;

Âõîäíûå äàííûå:

10. dx – íàïðàâëåíèå äâèæåíèÿ øàðèêà ïî îñè X;

11. x,y – òåêóùèå êîîðäèíàòû öåíòðà øàðèêà;

12. a – ìàññèâ êîîðäèíàò êóáèêîâ;

13. kol_kub – êîëè÷åñòâî êóáèêîâ íà äàííûé ìîìåíò;

Âûõîäíûå äàííûå:

14. dx – èçìåí¸ííîå íàïðàâëåíèå äâèæåíèÿ øàðèêà ïî îñè X;

15. a – èçìåí¸ííûé ìàññèâ êîîðäèíàò êóáèêîâ;

16. kol_kub – èçìåí¸ííîå êîëè÷åñòâî êóáèêîâ;

7. procedure death;

Íàçíà÷åíèå: âûäà¸ò çâóêîâîé ñèãíàë, ñîîòâåòñòâóþùèé ïðîèãðûøó îäíîé æèçíè;

Âõîäíûå äàííûå: íåò;

Âûõîäíûå äàííûå: íåò;

8. procedure ugolki(var dx,dy:t_dx_dy;x,y:t_kubik;var a:t_arr;var kol_kub:kol_kubik);

Íàçíà÷åíèå: îïðåäåëÿåò êîñíóëñÿ ëè øàðèê êóáèêà îá óãëû;

Âõîäíûå äàííûå:

17. dx,dy – íàïðàâëåíèå äâèæåíèÿ øàðèêà ïî îñÿì X è Y;

18. x,y – òåêóùèå êîîðäèíàòû öåíòðà øàðèêà;

19. a – ìàññèâ êîîðäèíàò êóáèêîâ;

20. kol_kub – êîëè÷åñòâî êóáèêîâ íà äàííûé ìîìåíò;

Âûõîäíûå äàííûå:

21. dx,dy – èçìåí¸ííîå íàïðàâëåíèå äâèæåíèÿ øàðèêà ïî îñÿì X è Y;

22. a – èçìåí¸ííûé ìàññèâ êîîðäèíàò êóáèêîâ;

23. kol_kub – èçìåí¸ííîå êîëè÷åñòâî êóáèêîâ;

9. procedure pausing(var pause:word);

Íàçíà÷åíèå: îïðåäåëÿåò ñêîðîñòü äâèæåíèÿ øàðèêà ïî âûáîðó ñàìèì ïîëüçîâàòåëåì, ñ íàãëÿäíûì ãðàôè÷åñêèì èíòåðôåéñîì;

Âõîäíûå äàííûå:

pause – ïðåäïîëàãàåìàÿ ïàóçà;

Âûõîäíûå äàííûå:

pause – óæå îïðåäåë¸ííàÿ ïàóçà;

10. procedure zapis(const xs,ys:t_kubik; i:t_kubik;var a:t_arr);

Íàçíà÷åíèå: îïðåäåëÿåò íà êàêèå ìåñòà â ìàññèâå çàïèñûâàòü êîîðäèíàòû êóáèêà;

Âõîäíûå äàííûå:

1) xs,ys – êîîðäèíàòû øàðèêà, êîòîðûå è íóæíî çàïèñàòü â ìàññèâ;

24. i – ïåðåìåííàÿ îò êîòîðîé çàâèñèò ñ êàêîãî íîìåðà èñêàòü ïîäõîäÿùåå ìåñòî äëÿ êîîðäèíàò êóáèêà;

25. a – ìàññèâ êîîðäèíàò êóáèêîâ;

Âûõîäíûå äàííûå: íåò

11. procedure level(var a:t_arr;const numbering:byte;var kol_kub:kol_kubik);

Íàçíà÷åíèå: îòêðûâàåò ôàéë è ñ÷èòûâàÿ ñ íåãî êîîðäèíàòû êóáèêîâ, ðèñóåò èõ;

Âõîäíûå äàííûå:

1. a – ìàññèâ êîîðäèíàò êóáèêîâ;

2. numbering – íîìåð îòêðûâàåìîãî ýòàïà;

3. kol_kub – êîëè÷åñòâî êóáèêîâ;

Âûõîäíûå äàííûå:

1. a – ìàññèâ êîîðäèíàò êóáèêîâ;

2) kol_kub – êîëè÷åñòâî íàðèñîâàííûõ êóáèêîâ;

12. procedure left(const koeff:byte;var x1_dv,x2_dv:t_kubik);

Íàçíà÷åíèå: äâèæåíèå ïëàíêè âëåâî;

Âõîäíûå äàííûå:

1) koeff – êîýôôèöèåíò, îò êîòîðîãî çàâèñèò ðàçìåð ïëàíêè;

2. x1_dv,x2_dv – êîîðäèíàòû ïëàíêè ïî îñè Õ;

Âûõîäíûå äàííûå:

x1_dv,x2_dv – èçìåíèâøèåñÿ êîîðäèíàòû ïëàíêè ïî îñè Õ;

13. procedure right(const koeff:byte;var x1_dv,x2_dv:t_kubik);

Íàçíà÷åíèå: äâèæåíèå ïëàíêè âïðàâî;

Âõîäíûå äàííûå:

1) koeff – êîýôôèöèåíò, îò êîòîðîãî çàâèñèò ðàçìåð ïëàíêè;

3. x1_dv,x2_dv – êîîðäèíàòû ïëàíêè ïî îñè Õ;

Âûõîäíûå äàííûå:

x1_dv,x2_dv – èçìåíèâøèåñÿ êîîðäèíàòû ïëàíêè ïî îñè Õ;

14. procedure dviguna_keyboard(const koeff:byte;var x,x1_dv,x2_dv:t_kubik;var y:t_kubik);

Íàçíà÷åíèå: îæèäàíèå íàæàòèÿ êëàâèøè äëÿ íà÷àëà íîâîãî ýòàïà, åñëè ïîëüçîâàòåëü èãðàåò íà êëàâèàòóðå;

Âõîäíûå äàííûå:

1) koeff – êîýôôèöèåíò, îò êîòîðîãî çàâèñèò ðàçìåð ïëàíêè;

1. x,y – êîîðäèíàòû øàðèêà;

2. x1_dv,x2_dv – êîîðäèíàòû ïëàíêè ïî îñè Õ;

Âûõîäíûå äàííûå:

3. x,y – êîîðäèíàòû øàðèêà;

4. x1_dv,x2_dv – èçìåíèâøèåñÿ êîîðäèíàòû ïëàíêè ïî îñè Õ;

15. procedure dviguna_mouse(const koeff:byte;var x,x1_dv,x2_dv:t_kubik;var y:t_kubik);

Íàçíà÷åíèå: îæèäàíèå íàæàòèÿ êíîïêè ìûøè äëÿ íà÷àëà íîâîãî ýòàïà, åñëè ïîëüçîâàòåëü èãðàåò ìûøüþ;

Âõîäíûå äàííûå:

1) koeff – êîýôôèöèåíò, îò êîòîðîãî çàâèñèò ðàçìåð ïëàíêè;

2) x,y – êîîðäèíàòû øàðèêà;

5. x1_dv,x2_dv – êîîðäèíàòû ïëàíêè ïî îñè Õ;

Âûõîäíûå äàííûå:

1. x,y – êîîðäèíàòû øàðèêà;

2. x1_dv,x2_dv – èçìåíèâøèåñÿ êîîðäèíàòû ïëàíêè ïî îñè Õ;

16. procedure zar_nar(var x,y:t_kubik;const dx,dy:t_dx_dy);

Íàçíà÷åíèå: çàêðàñêà óæå íàðèñîâàííîãî øàðèêà è íàðèñîâàíèå íîâîãî øàðèêà ñ èçìåí¸ííûìè êîîðäèíàòàìè;

Âõîäíûå äàííûå:

1) x,y – êîîðäèíàòû øàðèêà;

2) dx,dy – îò çíà÷åíèÿ ýòèõ ïåðåìåííûõ çàâèñèò äâèæåíèå øàðèêà â òó èëè èíóþ ñòîðîíó;

Âûõîäíûå äàííûå:

x,y – êîîðäèíàòû øàðèêà;

17. function chem_play:boolean;

Íàçíà÷åíèå: îïðåäåëåíèå ïîëüçîâàòåëåì ÷åì èãðàòü (êëàâèàòóðîé èëè ìûøüþ), ñ íàãëÿäíûì ãðàôè÷åñêèì èíòåðôåéñîì;

Âõîäíûå äàííûå:

Íåò;

Âûõîäíûå äàííûå:

true – èãðàåì ìûøüþ;

false – èãðàåì íà êëàâèàòóðå;

18. procedure razmer_planki(var koeff:byte);

Íàçíà÷åíèå: îïðåäåëåíèå ïîëüçîâàòåëåì ðàçìåðà ïëàíêè;

Âõîäíûå äàííûå:

Koeff – êîýôôèöèåíò, îïðåäåëÿþùèé ðàçìåð ïëàíêè;

Âûõîäíûå äàííûå:

Koeff – êîýôôèöèåíò, îïðåäåëÿþùèé ðàçìåð ïëàíêè; ãðàåì ìûøüþ;

19. procedure naverhu_liv(liv:byte);

Íàçíà÷åíèå: îòîáðàæåíèå íàä ðàìêîé â òå÷åíèå èãðû êîëè÷åñòâà îñòàâøèõñÿ æèçíåé;

Âõîäíûå äàííûå:

liv – ÷èñëî æèçíåé;

Âûõîäíûå äàííûå:

íåò;

20.procedure naverhu_number(numbering:byte);

Íàçíà÷åíèå: îòîáðàæåíèå íàä ðàìêîé â òå÷åíèå èãðû íîìåðà òåêóùåãî óðîâíÿ;

Âõîäíûå äàííûå:

numbering – íîìåð óðîâíÿ;

Âûõîäíûå äàííûå:

íåò;

21. procedure naverhu_kubiki(kol_kub:byte);

Íàçíà÷åíèå: îòîáðàæåíèå íàä ðàìêîé â òå÷åíèå èãðû êîëè÷åñòâà îñòàâøèõñÿ êóáèêîâ;

Âõîäíûå äàííûå:

Kol_kub – ÷èñëî îñòàâøèõñÿ êóáèêîâ;

Âûõîäíûå äàííûå:

íåò;

Ìîäóëü MARK_ZAS

1. procedure zastavka(s2:string);

Íàçíà÷åíèå: â íà÷àëå èãðû èñïîëüçóåòñÿ â êà÷åñòâå çàñòàâêè ñ ìèãàþùåé áîëüøîé íàäïèñüþ «MARKBALL» è íèæå ìèãàþùåé íàäïèñüþ «Click to start» ,òàêæå èñïîëüçóåòñÿ ïðè ïîòåðå âñåõ æèçíåé , íî ïðè ýòîì íèæíÿÿ íàäïèñü áóäåò «You have lost» , à ïðè ïðîõîæäåíèè âñåõ ýòàïîâ íèæíÿÿ íàäïèñü áóäåò «The end of game»;

Âõîäíûå äàííûå:

S2 – íèæíÿÿ ìèãàþùàÿ íàäïèñü;

Âûõîäíûå äàííûå:

íåò;

2. procedure text_na_ekran;

Íàçíà÷åíèå: èñïîëüçóåòñÿ êàê ñïðàâêà ïîêà èãðà åù¸ íå íà÷àëàñü ïðè íàæàòèè êëàâèøè «F1»;

Âõîäíûå äàííûå:

íåò;

Âûõîäíûå äàííûå:

íåò;

3. procedure ochki(score:word);

Íàçíà÷åíèå: â êîíöå èãðû ñ÷èòàåò â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ íàáðàííûìè î÷êàìè: çàéì¸ò ëè äàííûé èãðîê, êîòîðûé ââ¸ë ïî çàïðîñó ïðîãðàììû ñâî¸ èìÿ, êàêîå-íèáóäü ìåñòî ñðåäè ïðåäñòàâëåííûõ äåñÿòè ìåñò; åñëè êîëè÷åñòâî íàáðàííûõ î÷êîâ ïîçâîëÿåò èãðîêó çàíÿòü íåêîòîðîå ìåñòî, òî ïðîãðàììà âûâîäèò íà ýêðàí òàáëèöó ëèäåðîâ, âêëþ÷àþùóþ â ñåáÿ èìÿ äàííîãî èãðîêà, â ïðîòèâíîì ñëó÷àå íà ýêðàí âñ¸ æå áóäåò âûâåäåíà òàáëèöà ëèäåðîâ, íî èìåíè äàííîãî èãðîêà ñîäåðæàòüñÿ òàì íå áóäåò;

Âõîäíûå äàííûå:

Score – êîëè÷åñòâî íàáðàííûõ â òå÷åíèè èãðû î÷êîâ;

Âûõîäíûå äàííûå:

íåò;

Îñíîâíàÿ ïðîãðàììà

1. Procedure initgr;

Íàçíà÷åíèå: èíèöèàëèçèðóåò ãðàôèêó â ðåæèìå vgahi;

Âõîäíûå äàííûå: íåò;

Âûõîäíûå äàííûå: íåò;

2. Procedure vostanovka_colors;

Íàçíà÷åíèå: âîññòàíàâëèâàåò öâåòà ñî ñòàíäàðòíûìè îòòåíêàìè;

Âõîäíûå äàííûå: íåò;

Âûõîäíûå äàííûå: íåò;

Òåêñò ïðîãðàììû:

program mark_ball;

uses graph,crt,mymouse,markel,mark_zas;

procedure initgr;

var grdriver,grmode:integer;

begin

grdriver:=vga;

grmode:=vgahi;

initgraph(grdriver,grmode,'');

if GraphResult <> grOk then halt;

end;

procedure vostanovka_colors;

begin

setrgbpalette(black,0,0,0);

setrgbpalette(blue,0,0,40);

setrgbpalette(green,0,40,0);

setrgbpalette(cyan,0,40,40);

setrgbpalette(red,40,7,7);

setrgbpalette(magenta,40,0,40);

setrgbpalette(brown,40,30,0);

setrgbpalette(lightgray,49,49,49);

setrgbpalette(darkgray,26,26,26);

setrgbpalette(lightblue,0,0,63);

setrgbpalette(lightgreen,9,63,9);

setrgbpalette(lightcyan,0,63,63);

setrgbpalette(lightred,63,10,10);

setrgbpalette(lightmagenta,44,0,63);

setrgbpalette(yellow,63,63,18);

setrgbpalette(white,63,63,63);

end;

var y_planka,xmax,

x1_dv,x2_dv,x,y,i:t_kubik;

x_get,y_get,x_get_pred:word;

dx,dy:t_dx_dy;

a:t_arr;

numbering,liv:byte;

kol_kub:kol_kubik;

lb,rb,tb,dviguna:boolean;

buttoncount,errorcode,koeff:byte;

pause:word;

score:integer;

s2:string;

begin

s2:='Click to start';

initgr;

zastavka(s2);

vostanovka_colors;

setlinestyle(0,0,1);

randomize;

cleardevice;

xmax:=getmaxx-radius-1;

y:=getmaxy-shir-radius-1;

y_planka:=getmaxy-shir-radius-1;

liv:=10;

score:=-10;

dviguna:=chem_play;

pausing(pause);

razmer_planki(koeff);

for numbering:=1 to 10 do

begin

perehod_level(numbering);

cleardevice;

planka_sharik(koeff);

level(a,numbering,kol_kub);

naverhu_number(numbering);

naverhu_liv(liv);

naverhu_kubiki(kol_kub,score);

dx:=-1;

dy:=-1;

{à ¬ª }

setcolor(random(14)+1);

rectangle(0,21,getmaxx,getmaxy);

if dviguna then dviguna_mouse(koeff,x,x1_dv,x2_dv,y)

else dviguna_keyboard(koeff,x,x1_dv,x2_dv,y);

while kol_kub>0 do

begin

zar_nar(x,y,dx,dy);

delay(pause);

if (y=radius+1+21) or

((x1_dv

begin dy:=-dy; musik; end else

if (x=xmax) or (x=radius+1) then

begin dx:=-dx; musik; end else

if y=y_planka then

begin

setcolor(0);

circle(x,y,radius);

setfillstyle(0,0);

bar3d(x1_dv,y1_dv,x2_dv,y2_dv,0,false);

dy:=-1;

death;

livs(liv,score);

case dviguna of

true:dviguna_mouse(koeff,x,x1_dv,x2_dv,y);

false:dviguna_keyboard(koeff,x,x1_dv,x2_dv,y);

end;

end;

case x of

1..49: begin i:=37;izchez_vv_niz(dy,x,y,i,a,kol_kub,score); end;

50..99: begin i:=75;izchez_vv_niz(dy,x,y,i,a,kol_kub,score); end;

100..148:begin i:=113;izchez_vv_niz(dy,x,y,i,a,kol_kub,score); end;

149..197:begin i:=151;izchez_vv_niz(dy,x,y,i,a,kol_kub,score); end;

198..246:begin i:=189;izchez_vv_niz(dy,x,y,i,a,kol_kub,score); end;

247..295:begin i:=227;izchez_vv_niz(dy,x,y,i,a,kol_kub,score); end;

296..344:begin i:=265;izchez_vv_niz(dy,x,y,i,a,kol_kub,score); end;

345..393:begin i:=303;izchez_vv_niz(dy,x,y,i,a,kol_kub,score); end;

394..442:begin i:=341;izchez_vv_niz(dy,x,y,i,a,kol_kub,score); end;

443..491:begin i:=379;izchez_vv_niz(dy,x,y,i,a,kol_kub,score); end;

492..540:begin i:=417;izchez_vv_niz(dy,x,y,i,a,kol_kub,score); end;

541..588:begin i:=455;izchez_vv_niz(dy,x,y,i,a,kol_kub,score); end;

589..637:begin i:=493;izchez_vv_niz(dy,x,y,i,a,kol_kub,score); end;

end;

bok_bok(dx,x,y,a,kol_kub,score);

ugolki(dx,dy,x,y,a,kol_kub,score);

case dviguna of

false:

if keypressed then

case readkey of

#75: left(koeff,x1_dv,x2_dv);

#77: right(koeff,x1_dv,x2_dv);

#27:begin closegraph; halt; end;

end;

true:

begin

getmousexy(x_get,y_get,lb,rb,tb);

if x_get_pred<>x_get then begin

setcolor(0);

setfillstyle(0,0);

bar3d(x1_dv,y1_dv,x2_dv,y2_dv,0,false);

setfillstyle(6,13);

setcolor(13);

x1_dv:=x_get;

x2_dv:=x1_dv+koeff*shir;

bar3d(x1_dv,y1_dv,x2_dv,y2_dv,0,false);

x_get_pred:=x_get; end;

if rb then begin closegraph;halt;end;

end;

end;

end;

dec(score,10);

end;

inc(score,10);

ochki(score);

s2:='The end of game';

zastavka(s2);

closegraph;

end.

Òåêñò ñêîíñòðóèðóåìûõ ìîäóëåé:

unit markel;

interface

uses crt,graph,mymouse,mark_zas;

var sverhu:string;

liv,numbering:byte;

const radius=7;

shir=15;

y1_dv=479-1;

y2_dv=479-shir;

type t_kubik=-10..640;

t_dx_dy=-1..1;

t_arr=array[1..494] of t_kubik;

kol_kubik=0..247;

procedure livs(var liv:byte;score:integer);

procedure perehod_level(const numbering:byte);

procedure planka_sharik(koeff:byte);

procedure musik;

procedure izchez_vv_niz(var dy:t_dx_dy;x,y,i:t_kubik;var a:t_arr;var kol_kub:kol_kubik;var score:integer);

procedure bok_bok(var dx:t_dx_dy;x,y:t_kubik;var a:t_arr;var kol_kub:kol_kubik;var score:integer);

procedure death;

procedure ugolki(var dx,dy:t_dx_dy;x,y:t_kubik;var a:t_arr;var kol_kub:kol_kubik;var score:integer);

procedure pausing(var pause:word);

procedure zapis(const xs,ys:t_kubik;i:t_kubik;var a:t_arr);

procedure level(var a:t_arr;const numbering:byte;var kol_kub:kol_kubik);

procedure left(const koeff:byte;var x1_dv,x2_dv:t_kubik);

procedure right(const koeff:byte;var x1_dv,x2_dv:t_kubik);

procedure dviguna_keyboard(const koeff:byte;var x,x1_dv,x2_dv:t_kubik;var y:t_kubik);

procedure dviguna_mouse(const koeff:byte;var x,x1_dv,x2_dv:t_kubik;var y:t_kubik);

procedure zar_nar(var x,y:t_kubik;const dx,dy:t_dx_dy);

function chem_play:boolean;

procedure razmer_planki(var koeff:byte);

procedure naverhu_liv(liv:byte);

procedure naverhu_number(numbering:byte);

procedure naverhu_kubiki(kol_kub:byte;var score:integer);

procedure naverhu_score(score:integer);

implementation

function chem_play:boolean;

var mask:boolean;

greenvalue,bluevalue:0..64;

i,j:-1..1;

begin

setcolor(blue);

settextstyle(4{GothicFont},horizdir,5);

settextjustify(1,1);

outtextxy(round(getmaxx / 3.3), round(getmaxy / 2.3),'Mouse');

setcolor(green);

outtextxy(round(getmaxx / 1.5), round(getmaxy / 2.3),'Keyboard');

i:=1;

j:=1;

greenvalue:=0;

bluevalue:=0;

while true do

begin

repeat

case mask of

true:begin

setRGBpalette(blue,0,0,bluevalue);

inc(bluevalue,i);

if (bluevalue = 63) or (bluevalue = 0) then

i:=-i;

end;

false:begin

setRGBpalette(green,0,greenvalue,0);

inc(greenvalue,j);

if (greenvalue = 63) or (greenvalue = 0) then

j:=-j;

end;

end;

until keypressed;

case readkey of

#75: mask:=true;

#77: mask:=false;

#13: begin chem_play:=mask; delay(5000); cleardevice; exit; end;

#27: begin closegraph; halt; end;

end;

end;

end;

procedure ugolki(var dx,dy:t_dx_dy;x,y:t_kubik;var a:t_arr;var kol_kub:kol_kubik;var score:integer);

procedure izchez(var dx,dy:t_dx_dy;var a:t_arr;var kol_kub:kol_kubik;i:word);

begin

setcolor(0);

setfillstyle(1,0);

bar3d(a[i],a[i+1],a[i]+48,a[i+1]-20,0,false);

musik;

a[i]:=0;

a[i+1]:=0;

dx:=-dx;

dy:=-dy;

dec(kol_kub);

musik;

naverhu_kubiki(kol_kub,score);

exit;

end;

var i:1..496;

begin

i:=1;

while i<=493 do

begin

if x-radius+1=a[i]+48 then

if (y-radius+1=a[i+1])or((y-radius+1a[i+1]-20))

or(y+radius-1=a[i+1]-20)or((y+radius-1a[i+1]-20))

then izchez(dx,dy,a,kol_kub,i);

if x+radius-1=a[i] then

if (y+radius-1=a[i+1]-20)or((y+radius-1a[i+1]-20))

or(y-radius+1=a[i+1])or((y-radius+1a[i+1]-20))

then izchez(dx,dy,a,kol_kub,i);

if y-radius+1=a[i+1] then

if (x-radius+1=a[i]+48)or((x-radius+1>a[i])and(x-radius+1<a[i]+48))

or(x+radius-1=a[i])or((x+radius-1>a[i])and(x+radius-1<a[i]+48))

then izchez(dx,dy,a,kol_kub,i);

if y+radius-1=a[i+1]-20 then

if (x+radius-1=a[i])or((x+radius-1>a[i])and(x+radius-1<a[i]+48))

or(x-radius+1=a[i]+48)or((x-radius+1>a[i])and(x-radius+1<a[i]+48))

then izchez(dx,dy,a,kol_kub,i);

inc(i,2);

end;

end;

procedure pausing(var pause:word);

var xmax,y_planka,x,y:t_kubik;

dx,dy:-1..1;

s:string;

redvalue,bluevalue:0..63;

i:-1..1;

begin

setcolor(lightgray);

s:='Adjust speed of a ball';{'îòðåãóëèðóéòå ñêîðîñòü øàðèêà'}

settextstyle(4{GothicFont},horizdir,5);

settextjustify(1,1);

outtextxy(getmaxx div 2, getmaxy div 2,s);

i:=1;

redvalue:=0;

bluevalue:=0;

repeat

repeat

setRGBpalette(lightgray,redvalue,0,bluevalue);

inc(bluevalue,i);

inc(redvalue,i);

until keypressed or (bluevalue=63) or (bluevalue=0);

i:=-i;

until keypressed;

cleardevice;

{ðàìêà}

setcolor(random(14)+1);

rectangle(0,0,getmaxx,getmaxy);

xmax:=getmaxx-radius-1;

y_planka:=getmaxy-shir-radius-1;

{ïëàíêà íà âåñü íèç}

setcolor(13);

setfillstyle(6,13);

bar3d(1,getmaxy-1,getmaxx,getmaxy-shir,0,false);

{øàðèê íàä ïëàíêîé}

x:=getmaxx div 2;

y:=getmaxy-shir-radius-1;

setcolor(10);

circle(x,y,radius);

dx:=1;

dy:=-1;

pause:=6;

repeat

while not(keypressed) do

begin

zar_nar(x,y,dx,dy);

delay(pause);

if y=radius+1 then

begin dy:=-dy; musik; end else

if x=xmax then

begin dx:=-dx; musik; end else

if y=y_planka then

begin dy:=-dy; musik; end else

if x=radius+1 then

begin dx:=-dx; musik; end;

end;

case readkey of

#45{'-'}:if pause

#42{'*'}:if pause >2 then dec(pause);

#13:begin cleardevice; exit; end;

end;

until false;

end;

procedure razmer_planki(var koeff:byte);

var s:string;

x1,y1,x2,y2:integer;

i:-1..1;

redvalue,bluevalue:0..63;

begin

setcolor(red);

s:='Adjust the size of a rod'{'îòðåãóëèðóéòå ðàçìåð ïëàíêè'};

settextstyle(4{GothicFont},horizdir,5);

settextjustify(1,1);

outtextxy(getmaxx div 2, getmaxy div 2, s);

i:=1;

redvalue:=0;

bluevalue:=0;

repeat

repeat

setRGBpalette(red,redvalue,bluevalue,0);

inc(bluevalue,i);

inc(redvalue,i);

until keypressed or (redvalue=0) or (redvalue=63);

i:=-i;

until keypressed;

cleardevice;

{ðàìêà}

setcolor(random(14)+1);

rectangle(0,0,getmaxx,getmaxy);

{ïëàíêà ïîñåðåäèíå}

setcolor(13);

setfillstyle(6,13);

koeff:=4;

x1:=round(getmaxx/2-(koeff/2)*shir-1);

y1:=getmaxy-1;

x2:=round(getmaxx/2+(koeff/2)*shir);

y2:=getmaxy-shir;

bar3d(x1,y1,x2,y2,0,false);

repeat

if keypressed then

case readkey of

#42{'*'}:if koeff

begin

inc(koeff);

x1:=round(getmaxx/2-(koeff/2)*shir-1);

y1:=getmaxy-1;

x2:=round(getmaxx/2+(koeff/2)*shir);

y2:=getmaxy-shir;

bar3d(x1,y1,x2,y2,0,false);

end;

#45{-}:if koeff>2 then

begin

setcolor(0);

setfillstyle(0,0);

x1:=round(getmaxx/2-(koeff/2)*shir-1);

y1:=getmaxy-1;

x2:=round(getmaxx/2+(koeff/2)*shir);

y2:=getmaxy-shir;

bar3d(x1,y1,x2,y2,0,false);

dec(koeff);

setcolor(13);

setfillstyle(6,13);

x1:=round(getmaxx/2-(koeff/2)*shir-1);

y1:=getmaxy-1;

x2:=round(getmaxx/2+(koeff/2)*shir);

y2:=getmaxy-shir;

bar3d(x1,y1,x2,y2,0,false);

end;

#13:exit;

end;

until false;

end;

procedure livs(var liv:byte;score:integer);

var s2:string;

begin

dec(liv);

naverhu_liv(liv);

if liv=0 then

begin

ochki(score);

s2:='You have lost !';

zastavka(s2);

closegraph;

halt;

end;

end;

procedure perehod_level(const numbering:byte);

var i,j:30..330;

s:string;

begin

str(numbering,s);

s:='level '+s;

cleardevice;

setcolor(14);

settextstyle(4{GothicFont},horizdir,5);

settextjustify(1,1);

outtextxy(getmaxx div 2, getmaxy div 2, s);

i:=30;

j:=280;

{while (i<>330) and (j<>30) do

begin

sound(i);

delay(100);

sound(j);

delay(100);

inc(i);

dec(j);

end;

nosound;}

delay(5000);

end;

procedure planka_sharik(koeff:byte);

var x1,y1,x2,y2,x,y:integer;

begin

{ïëàíêà ïîñåðåäèíå}

setcolor(13);

setfillstyle(6,13);

x1:=round(getmaxx/2-(koeff/2)*shir-1);

y1:=getmaxy-1;

x2:=round(getmaxx/2+(koeff/2)*shir);

y2:=getmaxy-shir;

bar3d(x1,y1,x2,y2,0,false);

{øàðèê íàä ïëàíêîé}

x:=getmaxx div 2;

y:=getmaxy-shir-radius-1;

setcolor(10);

circle(x,y,radius);

end;

procedure musik;

begin

{sound(460);

delay(130);

nosound;}

end;

procedure izchez_vv_niz(var dy:t_dx_dy;x,y,i:t_kubik;var a:t_arr;var kol_kub:kol_kubik;var score:integer);

var p:-3..494;

begin

p:=i-36;

while (i>=p) and not((y-radius+1=a[i+1]) or (y+radius-1=a[i+1]-20)) do

dec(i,2);

if i

if (y-radius+1=a[i+1]) or (y+radius-1=a[i+1]-20) then

begin

setcolor(0);

setfillstyle(1,0);

bar3d(a[i],a[i+1],a[i]+48,a[i+1]-20,0,false);

musik;

a[i]:=0;

a[i+1]:=0;

dy:=-dy;

dec(kol_kub);

naverhu_kubiki(kol_kub,score);

end;

end;

procedure bok_bok(var dx:t_dx_dy;x,y:t_kubik;var a:t_arr;var kol_kub:kol_kubik;var score:integer);

var i:1..496;

begin

i:=1;

while i<=493 do

begin

if ((x+radius-1=a[i]) and (ya[i+1]-20)) or

((x-radius+1=a[i]+48) and (ya[i+1]-20)) then

begin

setcolor(0);

setfillstyle(1,0);

bar3d(a[i],a[i+1],a[i]+48,a[i+1]-20,0,false);

musik;

a[i]:=0;

a[i+1]:=0;

dx:=-dx;

dec(kol_kub);

musik;

naverhu_kubiki(kol_kub,score);

exit;

end;

inc(i,2);

end;

end;

procedure death;

var i:30..800;

begin

i:=800;

{while i<>30 do

begin

sound(i);

delay(10);

dec(i);

end;

nosound;}

end;

procedure zapis(const xs,ys:t_kubik;i:t_kubik;var a:t_arr);

begin

while a[i]<>0 do

inc(i,2);

a[i]:=xs;

a[i+1]:=ys;

end;

procedure level(var a:t_arr;const numbering:byte;var kol_kub:kol_kubik);

var xs,ys,i:t_kubik;

f:text;

color,pattern:byte;

number:string;

begin

for i:=1 to 494 do

a[i]:=0;

str(numbering,number);

assign(f,'levels\level'+number+'.den');

reset(f);

while not eof(f) do

begin

readln(f,xs,ys);

color:=random(14)+1;

pattern:=random(11)+1;

setcolor(color);

setfillstyle(pattern,color);

bar3d(xs,ys,48+xs,ys-20,0,false);

end;

close(f);

kol_kub:=0;

reset(f);

while not eof(f) do

begin

readln(f,xs,ys);

if xs<>0 then inc(kol_kub);

case xs of

1: begin i:=1; zapis(xs,ys,i,a); end;

50: begin i:=39; zapis(xs,ys,i,a); end;

99: begin i:=77; zapis(xs,ys,i,a); end;

148: begin i:=115; zapis(xs,ys,i,a); end;

197: begin i:=153; zapis(xs,ys,i,a); end;

246: begin i:=191; zapis(xs,ys,i,a); end;

295: begin i:=229; zapis(xs,ys,i,a); end;

344: begin i:=267; zapis(xs,ys,i,a); end;

393: begin i:=305; zapis(xs,ys,i,a); end;

442: begin i:=343; zapis(xs,ys,i,a); end;

491: begin i:=381; zapis(xs,ys,i,a); end;

540: begin i:=419; zapis(xs,ys,i,a); end;

589: begin i:=457; zapis(xs,ys,i,a); end;

end;

end;

close(f);

end;

procedure left(const koeff:byte;var x1_dv,x2_dv:t_kubik);

begin

if x1_dv-8 <= 0 then

begin

musik;

setcolor(0);

setfillstyle(0,0);

bar3d(x1_dv,y1_dv,x2_dv,y2_dv,0,false);

setfillstyle(6,13);

setcolor(13);

x1_dv:=1;

x2_dv:=koeff*shir;

bar3d(x1_dv,y1_dv,x2_dv,y2_dv,0,false);

end else

begin

setcolor(0);

setfillstyle(0,0);

bar3d(x1_dv,y1_dv,x2_dv,y2_dv,0,false);

setfillstyle(6,13);

setcolor(13);

dec(x1_dv,8);

dec(x2_dv,8);

bar3d(x1_dv,y1_dv,x2_dv,y2_dv,0,false);

end;

end;

procedure right(const koeff:byte;var x1_dv,x2_dv:t_kubik);

begin

if x2_dv+8 >= getmaxx then

begin

musik;

setcolor(0);

setfillstyle(0,0);

bar3d(x1_dv,y1_dv,x2_dv,y2_dv,0,false);

setfillstyle(6,13);

setcolor(13);

x2_dv:=getmaxx-1;

x1_dv:=x2_dv-koeff*shir;

bar3d(x1_dv,y1_dv,x2_dv,y2_dv,0,false);

end else

begin

setcolor(0);

setfillstyle(0,0);

bar3d(x1_dv,y1_dv,x2_dv,y2_dv,0,false);

setfillstyle(6,13);

setcolor(13);

inc(x1_dv,8);

inc(x2_dv,8);

bar3d(x1_dv,y1_dv,x2_dv,y2_dv,0,false);

end;

end;

procedure dviguna_keyboard(const koeff:byte;var x,x1_dv,x2_dv:t_kubik;var y:t_kubik);

begin

{Ðèñóåì ïëàíêó ñ øàðèêîì ïîñåðåäèíå}

planka_sharik(koeff);

{Íèæå --- êîîðäèíàòû ïëàíêè è øàðèêà(òîëüêî-÷òî íàðèñîâàííûõ)}

x1_dv:=round(getmaxx/2-(koeff/2)*shir-1);

x2_dv:=round(getmaxx/2+(koeff/2)*shir);

x:=getmaxx div 2;

y:=getmaxy-shir-radius-1;

repeat

case readkey of

#75: if x > (koeff div 2)*shir then

begin

left(koeff,x1_dv,x2_dv);

setcolor(0);

circle(x,y,radius);

x:=round(x1_dv+shir*koeff/2);

setcolor(10);

circle(x,y,radius);

end;

#77: if x < getmaxx-(koeff/2)*shir then

begin

right(koeff,x1_dv,x2_dv);

setcolor(0);

circle(x,y,radius);

x:=round(x1_dv+shir*koeff/2);

setcolor(10);

circle(x,y,radius);

end;

' ': exit;

#27:begin closegraph; halt; end;

end;

until false;

end;

procedure dviguna_mouse(const koeff:byte;var x,x1_dv,x2_dv:t_kubik;var y:t_kubik);

var x_get,y_get:word;

x_get_pred:word;

lb,rb,tb:boolean;

begin

{Ðèñóåì ïëàíêó ñ øàðèêîì ïîñåðåäèíå}

planka_sharik(koeff);

{óñòàíàâëèâàåò îãðàíè÷åíèå ïåðåìåùåíèÿ êóðñîðà ìûøè ïî âåðòèêàëè}

setYrange(5,5);

{óñòàíàâëèâàåò îãðàíè÷åíèå ïåðåìåùåíèÿ êóðñîðà ìûøè ïî ãîðèçîíòàëè}

setXrange(1,getmaxx-koeff*shir-1);

{Íèæå --- êîîðäèíàòû ïëàíêè è øàðèêà(òîëüêî-÷òî íàðèñîâàííûõ)}

x1_dv:=round(getmaxx/2-(koeff/2)*shir-1);

x2_dv:=round(getmaxx/2+(koeff/2)*shir);

setmousexy(x1_dv,0);

x:=getmaxx div 2;

y:=getmaxy-shir-radius-1;

repeat

getmousexy(x_get,y_get,lb,rb,tb);

if x_get_pred<>x_get then

begin

setcolor(0);

setfillstyle(0,0);

bar3d(x1_dv,y1_dv,x2_dv,y2_dv,0,false);

setfillstyle(6,13);

setcolor(13);

x1_dv:=x_get;

x2_dv:=x1_dv+koeff*shir;

bar3d(x1_dv,y1_dv,x2_dv,y2_dv,0,false);

x_get_pred:=x_get;

setcolor(0);

circle(x,y,radius);

setcolor(10);

x:=x_get+round(koeff/2)*shir;

circle(x,y,radius);

end;

until lb;

end;

procedure zar_nar(var x,y:t_kubik;const dx,dy:t_dx_dy);

begin

setcolor(0);

circle(x,y,radius);

inc(x,dx);

inc(y,dy);

setcolor(10);

circle(x,y,radius);

end;

procedure naverhu_number(numbering:byte);

var s:string;

begin

settextstyle(4{GothicFont},horizdir,3);

settextjustify(centertext,centertext);

setfillstyle(1,black);

bar(0,0,120,19);

setcolor(lightgreen);

str(numbering,s);

s:='Level '+s;

outtextxy(60,5,s);

end;

procedure naverhu_liv(liv:byte);

var s:string;

begin

settextstyle(4{GothicFont},horizdir,3);

settextjustify(centertext,centertext);

setfillstyle(1,black);

bar(140,0,250,19);

setcolor(lightgreen);

str(liv,s);

s:='Lifes '+s;

outtextxy(195,5,s);

end;

procedure naverhu_kubiki(kol_kub:byte;var score:integer);

var s:string;

begin

settextstyle(4{GothicFont},horizdir,3);

settextjustify(centertext,centertext);

setfillstyle(1,black);

bar(270,0,420,19);

setcolor(lightgreen);

str(kol_kub,s);

s:='Kubikov '+s;

outtextxy(345,5,s);

inc(score,10);

naverhu_score(score);

end;

procedure naverhu_score(score:integer);

var s:string;

begin

settextstyle(4{GothicFont},horizdir,3);

settextjustify(centertext,centertext);

setfillstyle(1,black);

bar(440,0,630,19);

setcolor(lightgreen);

str(score,s);

s:='Score '+s;

outtextxy(535,5,s);

end;

end.

unit mark_zas;

interface

uses crt,graph,mymouse;

type t_mas=array [1..11] of word;

procedure zastavka(s2:string);

procedure text_na_ekran;

procedure ochki(score:word);

implementation

procedure text_na_ekran;

var f:text;

a:char;

begin

assign(f,'pravila.txt');

reset(f);

textmode(1);

textbackground(3);

textcolor(0);

clrscr;

while not eof(f) do

begin

while not(eof(f)) do

begin

read(f,a);

write(a);

end;

writeln;

end;

while not(keypressed) do

case readkey of

#27:exit;

end;

close(f);

end;

procedure zastavka(s2:string);

var redvalue:-2..63;

greenvalue2:-2..63;

lb,rb,tb:boolean;

buttoncount,errorcode:byte;

x,y:word;

i:-1..1;

begin

initmouse(buttoncount,errorcode);

cleardevice;

setcolor(lightgreen);

setlinestyle(0,2,3);

rectangle(0,0,getmaxx,getmaxy);

settextjustify(centertext,centertext);

settextstyle(4{GothicFont},horizdir,9);

setcolor(3);

outtextxy(getmaxx div 2,round(getmaxy / 2.5),'Markball');

setcolor(1);

settextstyle(7{TSCR.CHR},horizdir,2);

settextjustify(lefttext,centertext);

if s2='Click to start' then

outtextxy(10,10,'Press F1 for the help');

setcolor(2);

settextstyle(7{TSCR.CHR},horizdir,3);

outtextxy(getmaxx div 2,round(getmaxy / 1.3), s2);

i:=1;

redvalue:=1;

greenvalue2:=62;

repeat

repeat

inc(redvalue,i);

setRGBpalette(3,redvalue,redvalue,0);

getmouseXY(x,y,lb,rb,tb);

inc(greenvalue2,-i);

setRGBpalette(2,0,greenvalue2,greenvalue2);

setRGBpalette(1,Greenvalue2,0,0);

until (redvalue=63) or (redvalue=0) or rb or lb or keypressed;

i:=-i;

if keypressed then

case readkey of

#59{F1}:

begin

text_na_ekran;

SetGraphMode(vgahi);

setcolor(lightgreen);

setlinestyle(0,2,3);

rectangle(0,0,getmaxx,getmaxy);

settextjustify(centertext,centertext);

settextstyle(4{GothicFont},horizdir,9);

redvalue:=1;

greenvalue2:=62;

setcolor(3);

outtextxy(getmaxx div 2,round(getmaxy / 2.5),'Markball');

setcolor(1);

settextstyle(7{TSCR.CHR},horizdir,2);

settextjustify(lefttext,centertext);

if s2='Click to start' then

outtextxy(10,10,'Press F1 for the help');

setcolor(2);

settextstyle(7{TSCR.CHR},horizdir,3);

outtextxy(getmaxx div 2,round(getmaxy / 1.3), s2);

end;

#13:exit;

end;

until rb or lb;

end;

procedure ochki(score:word);

var f:text;

s:string[15];

c:word;

numb,mynumber:-5..20;

player:t_mas;

players_name:array [1..11] of string[15];

x,y:word;

i:char;

myname:string[15];

label ld;

begin

assign(f,'record.txt');

reset(f);

readln(f);

numb:=0;

while not eof(f) do

begin

readln(f,c);

inc(numb);

player[numb]:=c;

readln(f);

end;

close(f);

reset(f);

numb:=0;

while not eof(f) do

begin

readln(f,s);

inc(numb);

players_name[numb]:=s;

readln(f);

end;

close(f);

x:=getmaxx div 2-140;

y:=35;

bar3d(x,y,x+280,y+100,0,false);

settextjustify(centertext,centertext);

settextstyle(4{Gothic Font},horizdir,3);

setcolor(lightcyan);

outtextxy(x+140,y+10,'Enter your name');

myname:='';

while true do

if keypressed then

begin

i:=readkey;

case i of

#13: goto ld;

else begin

outtextxy(x+20,y+40,i);

inc(x,18);

myname:=myname+i;

end;

end;

end;

ld:

mynumber:=0;

numb:=1;

while (numb <= 10) and (score < player[numb]) do

inc(numb);

if numb = 11 then

begin

x:=getmaxx div 2-140;

y:=35;

bar3d(x,y,x+280,y+300,0,false);

settextjustify(centertext,centertext);

settextstyle(4{Gothic Font},horizdir,3);

setcolor(lightcyan);

outtextxy(x+140,y+10,'The best players');

settextjustify(lefttext,centertext);

y:=75;

for numb:=1 to 10 do

begin

outtextxy(x+10,y,players_name[numb]);

str(player[numb],s);

outtextxy(x+190,y,s);

inc(y,25);

delay(1000);

end;

end

else

begin

settextstyle(4{Gothic Font},horizdir,3);

mynumber:=numb;

for c:=10 downto numb do

begin

player[c+1]:=player[c];

players_name[c+1]:=players_name[c];

end;

player[mynumber]:=score;

players_name[mynumber]:=myname;

x:=getmaxx div 2-140;

y:=35;

bar3d(x,y,x+280,y+300,0,false);

settextjustify(centertext,centertext);

settextstyle(4{Gothic Font},horizdir,3);

setcolor(lightcyan);

outtextxy(x+140,y+10,'The best players');

y:=75;

settextjustify(lefttext,centertext);

for numb:=1 to 10 do

begin

outtextxy(x+10,y,players_name[numb]);

str(player[numb],s);

outtextxy(x+190,y,s);

inc(y,25);

delay(1000);

end;

rewrite(f);

for numb:=1 to 10 do

begin

writeln(f,players_name[numb]);

writeln(f,player[numb]);

end;

close(f);

end;

readkey;

end;

end.

Äîïîëíèòåëüíàÿ ïðîãðàììà äëÿ ïîñòðîåíèÿ ñîáñòâåííûõ óðîâíåé :

Ïðàâèëà ïîëüçîâàíèÿ ïðîãðàììîé:

1. çàïóñòèòü MARKEDIT.EXE

2. íàæèìàÿ ëåâóþ êíîïêó ìûøè ñòàâèòü(ðèñîâàòü) êóáèêè;

3. ïîñëå ïîñòðîåíèÿ óðîâíÿ íàæàòü ïðàâóþ êíîïêó ìûøè;

4. ïîñëå ïîÿâëåíèÿ ìåíþ íîìåðîâ óðîâíåé âûáðàòü íîìåð ñîõðàíÿåìîãî óðîâíÿ (ôàéëà);

Ñïåöèôèêàöèè ïîäïðîãðàìì:

1. procedure text_na_ekran;

Íàçíà÷åíèå: èñïîëüçóåòñÿ êàê ñïðàâêà è âñåãäà ïîêàçûâàåòñÿ ïðè çàïóñêå;

Âõîäíûå äàííûå:

íåò;

Âûõîäíûå äàííûå:

íåò;

2. function netu:boolean;

Íàçíà÷åíèå: ïðè íàæàòèè ëåâîé êíîïêè ìûøè îïðåäåëÿåò, åñòü ëè íà ýòîì ìåñòå óæå êóáèê èëè íåò;

Âõîäíûå äàííûå:

íåò;

Âûõîäíûå äàííûå:

True: ðèñóåì êóáèê;

False: íà ýòîì ìåñòå óæå åñòü êóáèê, çíà÷èò íå ðèñóåì;

3. procedure stroika;

Íàçíà÷åíèå: ðèñóåò êóáèê è çàïèñûâàåò åãî êîîðäèíàòû â ôàéë;

Âõîäíûå äàííûå: íåò;

Âûõîäíûå äàííûå: íåò;

4. procedure search_y;

Íàçíà÷åíèå: èùåò ïîäõîäÿùèå êîîðäèíàòû äëÿ ïîñòðîåíèÿ êóáèêà;

Âõîäíûå äàííûå: íåò;

Âûõîäíûå äàííûå: íåò;

5. procedure build_level;

Íàçíà÷åíèå: ñòðîèò ýòàï, èñïîëüçóÿ âûøåîïèñàííûå ïîäïðîãðàììû;

Âõîäíûå äàííûå: íåò;

Âûõîäíûå äàííûå: íåò;

Òåêñò ïðîãðàììû:

program markedit;

uses graph,crt,mymouse;

type t_kubik=-10..640;

t_arr=array[1..494] of t_kubik;

var x,y:word;

f,f_s:text;

a:t_arr;

i:1..494;

procedure initgr;

var grdriver,grmode:integer;

begin

grdriver:=vga;

grmode:=vgahi;

initgraph(grdriver,grmode,'');

if GraphResult <> grOk then halt;

end;

procedure text_na_ekran;

var f:text;

a:char;

begin

assign(f,'stroika.txt');

reset(f);

textmode(1);

textbackground(3);

textcolor(0);

clrscr;

while not eof(f) do

begin

while not(eof(f)) do

begin

read(f,a);

write(a);

end;

writeln;

end;

while not(keypressed) do

case readkey of

' ':exit;

end;

close(f);

end;

function netu:boolean;

var k:1..494;

begin

for k:=1 to 494 do

begin

if a[k]=x then

if a[k+1]=y then

begin netu:=false; exit; end;

end;

netu:=true;

end;

procedure stroika;

var color:1..15;

pattern:1..12;

begin

if netu then

begin

writeln(f,x,' ',y);

a[i]:=x;

a[i+1]:=y;

inc(i,2);

color:=random(14)+1;

pattern:=random(11)+1;

setcolor(color);

setfillstyle(pattern,color);

bar3d(x,y,48+x,y-20,0,false);

end;

end;

procedure search_y;

begin

case y of

22..42: begin y:=42; stroika; end;

43..63: begin y:=63; stroika; end;

64..84: begin y:=84; stroika; end;

85..105: begin y:=105; stroika; end;

106..126:begin y:=126; stroika; end;

127..147:begin y:=147; stroika; end;

148..168:begin y:=168; stroika; end;

169..189:begin y:=189; stroika; end;

190..210:begin y:=210; stroika; end;

211..231:begin y:=231; stroika; end;

232..252:begin y:=252; stroika; end;

263..273:begin y:=273; stroika; end;

274..294:begin y:=294; stroika; end;

295..315:begin y:=315; stroika; end;

316..336:begin y:=336; stroika; end;

337..357:begin y:=357; stroika; end;

358..378:begin y:=378; stroika; end;

379..399:begin y:=399; stroika; end;

400..420:begin y:=420; stroika; end;

end;

end;

procedure build_level;

var buttoncount,errorcode:byte;

lb,rb,tb:boolean;

x_pred:word;

s,s_l:string;

number:0..10;

spusk:1..500;

code:integer;

begin

initmouse(buttoncount,errorcode);

cleardevice;

{à ¬ª }

setcolor(random(14)+1);

rectangle(0,21,getmaxx,getmaxy);

setcolor(brown);

s:='when finish --- press the right button of the mouse';

settextstyle(7{GothicFont},horizdir,2);

settextjustify(1,1);

outtextxy(getmaxx div 2,5,s);

setYrange(21,420);

setXrange(1,637);

assign(f,'level.den');

rewrite(f);

x:=10;y:=10;

setmouseXY(x,y);

x_pred:=0;

mouseon;

repeat

getmouseXY(x,y,lb,rb,tb);

if lb then begin

mouseoff;

if x<>x_pred then

case x of

1..49: begin x:=1; search_y; end;

50..98: begin x:=50; search_y; end;

99..147:begin x:=99; search_y; end;

148..196:begin x:=148; search_y; end;

197..245:begin x:=197; search_y; end;

246..294:begin x:=246; search_y; end;

295..343:begin x:=295; search_y; end;

344..392:begin x:=344; search_y; end;

393..441:begin x:=393; search_y; end;

442..490:begin x:=442; search_y; end;

491..539:begin x:=491; search_y; end;

540..588:begin x:=540; search_y; end;

589..637:begin x:=589; search_y; end;

end;

x_pred:=x;

mouseon; end;

until rb;

setfillstyle(1,black);

bar(4,getmaxy div 5-8,130,getmaxy div 5 +300+20);

setcolor(yellow);

s:='Save as: ';

spusk:=getmaxy div 5;

settextstyle(4{GothicFont},horizdir,4);

settextjustify(lefttext,centertext);

outtextxy(4,spusk,s);

for number:=1 to 10 do

begin

inc(spusk,30);

str(number,s_l);

s:='Level '+s_l;

settextstyle(4{GothicFont},horizdir,4);

settextjustify(lefttext,centertext);

outtextxy(4,spusk,s);

end;

close(f);

repeat

if keypressed then

begin

s:=readkey;

val(s,number,code);

case number of

0:begin

assign(f_s,'levels\level10.den');

erase(f_s);

rename(f,'levels\level10.den');

exit;

end

else if number in [1..9] then

begin

assign(f_s,'levels\level'+s+'.den');

erase(f_s);

rename(f,'levels\level'+s+'.den');

exit;

end;

end;

end;

until false;

end;

var j:1..494;

begin

{for j:=1 to 494 do

a[j]:=0;}

i:=1;

randomize;

text_na_ekran;

initgr;

build_level;

mouseoff;

closegraph;

end.

Ñïèñîê èñïîëüçóåìîé ëèòåðàòóðû:

1. ßí Áåëåöêèé «Òóðáî Ïàñêàëü ñ ãðàôèêîé äëÿ ïåðñîíàëüíûõ êîìïüþòåðîâ»

2. Walasek J.Konwersacyjne otoczenie programowe Pascala. WNT, Warsawa

3. Turbo Tutor. Borland International. Scotts Valley, California

4. Cherry G. Pascal Programming Structures. Reston Publishing Company. Reston, Virginia

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