Concerns to West-German group Indo-European of languages. In English speak and use in state office-work, literature and science, about 200 millions the person - in Great Britain and Ireland, in USA, Canada, Australia New of Zealand, partially in Southern Africa and India. One of five official and working languages accepted ООН. The English language conducts the beginning from language Old German племен, moved in V-VI centuries from continent in Britain. The complex interaction Old German tribe`s of adverbs brought in Britain, occupied celtes tribes, and formation, developing in conditions, English nationality, has resulted in formation territorial dialects on old tribe`s to a basis. Due to economic and political influence Wessecs kingdom in IX-X centuries in cultural life of England the greatest meaning has got wessecs a dialect.
The ambassador penetration into England in VI century of a christianity the latin alphabet has replaced Old German runes, and the influence of latin language was reflected in English lexicon. From subdual Anglosaxons celts of the population of Britain, thus, geographical names were kept. Forays Scandinavians, finished by submission of England in 1016 to the Danish king, have caused creation of Scandinavian settlements in the country. The interaction kindred of languages - English and Scandinavian - had an effect available in modern English language, significant quantity of words of a Scandinavian origin, and also some fanatical features describing dialects of northern England.
During formation a nation there was a formation of national English language developing on the basis of a London dialect, which combined in itself southern and western-central dialect features. The introduction in England book-printing (1476) promoted fastening to distribution of the London forms, to that popularity of product of a large writer D. Choler (1340-1400) writing on a London dialect has helped much.
In second half XVII century and especially in XVIII century is issued sets of managements on and normative grammar, which authors aspire to order grammatic norms of language: one - on the basis of rational grammar, others - proceeding from the alive use of the forms of language.
Colonians the expansion of England in XVII-XVIII centuries has caused distribution of English language outside Great Britain and has resulted in occurrence of some regional differences.
It is possible to explain differences of American variant of English language from British to that first settler in northern America of the profit from London and his vicinities, and laster were birthes from northern Great Britain and Ireland. The distinction between American and British variants of English language most of all has an effect in lexicon and somewhat in phonetics; difference in grammar insignificant.
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Playway to English Second edition is a new version of the popular four-level course for teaching English to young children. Pupils acquire English through play, music and Total Physical Response, providing them with a fun and dynamic language learning experience. Fantastic varied tasks keep children's motivated. Cross-curricular activities take children's learning beyond the English language classroom. Self evaluation sections help children retain and recycle new language. Regular Word play sections encourage pupils to use the target language creatively. Second Edition.
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Playway to English Second edition is a new version of the popular four-level course for teaching English to young children. Pupils acquire English through play, music and Total Physical Response, providing them with a fun and dynamic language learning experience. In the Pupil's Book: - Fantastic varied tasks keep children motivated - Cross-curricular activities take children's learning beyond the English language classroom - Self evaluation sections help children retain and recycle new language - Regular Word play sections encourage pupils to use the target language creatively. 2-е издание.
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Collins is proud to announce a major new edition of its flagship dictionary. Updated with the latest terms to enter the language, Collins English Dictionary is not only comprehensive and authoritative, but also offers outstanding coverage of world, regional and dialect English. Collins English Dictionary is a rich source of words for everyone who loves language. This new edition includes the latest words to enter the English language as well as a wide range of biographical entries. Usage notes give advice on using the right word in the right place, and thousands of etymologies trace the roots of modern English. A clear, two-colour page design helps to make this dictionary accessible and easy to use, and the new virtual thumb tab makes it even easier to find the entry you are looking for. The dictionary includes a supplement on words on the cusp of entering the language, as well as an extended essay on how English has changed in the last 30 years, and looking forwards to the next 30 years. We also include charts to illustrate changing language trends over the years. All definitions, examples, idioms, and usage notes are based on the Collins Corpus - our unrivalled and constantly updated 4.5 billion-word database of today's English - making it an authoritative and up-to-the-minute reference source.
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Cambridge Global English (1-6) is a six-level Primary course following the Cambridge Primary English as a Second Language Curriculum Framework developed by Cambridge English Language Assessment. Activity Book 1 provides additional practice activities to consolidate language skills and content material introduced in Learner's Book 1. Nine units correspond with the topics, texts and language input of Learner's Book 1 with each lesson of the Learner's Book supported by two pages in the Activity Book. Learning is reinforced through activities clearly framed within the 'I can' objectives of the course, opportunities for personalisation and creative work and a higher level of challenge to support differentiation. Each unit in the Activity Book ends with a quiz, offering more in depth assessment for learners. CEFR Level: towards A1.