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The system of english tenses

IRREQULAR VERBS become begin bend bite blow break bring build catch choose come cost draw dream drink drive fall feed feel fight find forget give have hear

IRREQULAR VERBS


be

become

begin

bend

bite

blow

break

bring

build

buy

can


catch

choose

come

cost

cut

do

draw

dream

drink

drive

eat

fall

feed

feel

fight

find

fly

forget

get

give

go


have

hear

hit

hold

hurt


keep

know

learn

leave

lend

let

lie

lose

make

mean

meet

pay

put

read

ride


ring

rise

run

say


was/were

became

began

bent

bit

blew

broke

brought

built

bought

could


caught

chose

came

cost

cut

did

drew

dreamt

drank

drove

ate

fell

fed

felt

fought

found

flew

forgot

got

gave

went


had

heard

hit

held

hurt


kept

knew

learnt

left

lent

let

lay

lost

made

meant

met

paid

put

read

rode


rang

rose

ran

said


been

become

begun

bent

bitten

blown

broken

brought

built

bought

(been able)

caught

chosen

come

cost

cut

done

drawn

dreamt

drunk

driven

eaten

fallen

fed

felt

fought

found

flown

forgotten

got

given

gone (been)

had

heard

hit

held

hurt


kept

known

learnt

left

lent

let

lain

lost

made

meant

met

paid

put

read

ridden


rung

risen

run

said


быть

стать

начать

согнуться

кусать

дуть

ломать

принести

строить

купить

мочь


ловить

выбрать

прийти

стоить

резать

делать

рисовать

мечтать

пить

ехать

есть

падать

кормить

чувствовать

сражаться

находить

летать

забыть

получить

дать

идти


иметь

слышать

ударить

держать

причинить

боль

хранить

знать

учить

оставить

одолжить

пустить

лежать

терять

делать

значить

встретить

платить

класть

читать

ездить

верхом

звонить

подняться

бежать

говорить


see

sell

set


shake

shine

shoot

show

shut

sing

sit

sleep

speak

spell

spend

stand

steal

swim

take

teach

tell

think

throw

under-

stand

wake

wear

win

writе


saw

sold

set


shook

shone

shot

showed

shut

sang

sat

slept

spoke

spelt

spent

stood

stole

swam

took

taught

told

thought

threw

under-

stood

woke

wore

won

wrote


seen

sold

set


shaken

shone

shot

shown

shut

sung

sat

slept

spoken

spelt

spent

stood

stolen

swum

taken

taught

told

thought

thrown

under-

stood

woken

worn

won

written


видеть

продавать

устанав-

ливать

трясти

светить

стрелять

показывать

закрывать

петь

сидеть

спать

говорить

читать

тратить

стоять

украсть

плыть

брать

учить

сказать

думать

бросить

понимать


будить

носить

выиграть

писать



Overview

Лист1
Лист2


Sheet 1: Лист1



ТНE SUSTEM OF THE ENGLISH TENSES




A c t i v e v o i c e










P r e s e n t P a s t F u t u r e Future-in-the-Past
p l e i n i t e ) usually, always, every day, often, sometimes, as a rule, from time to time, generally yesterday, last night, last week (month, year), the day before yesterday, ago tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, in two days, next day (week, month) should / would + V
m p l e e f I (you, we, they) ask. I (he, she, we, you, they) I (we) shall ask. I (we) should ask.
S i n d He (she) asks. asked. You (he, she, they) will ask. You (he, she, they) would ask.

( I ? Do I ? Did I ? Shall I ? Should I


t o b e + V i n g ( P r e s e n t P a r t i c i p l e )


n u o u s
now, at this time, at this moment from 5 till 6, all day, at that moment, at 5 o'clock yesterday at 5 o'clock tomorrow should / would + to be + Ving
t i
I am asking. I (he, she) was asking. I (we) shall be asking. I (we) should be asking.
o n
He (she) is asking. You (we, they) were asking. You (he, she, they) will be You (he, she, they) would
C
You (we, they) are asking.
asking. be asking.


? Am I ? Was I ? Shall I be ? Should I be


t o h a v e + V i n t h e 3 f o r m ( P a s t P a r t i c i p l e )


f e c t
already, just, resently, ever, never, yet, since, lately, this week by the 1 of September last year, before, by by the 1 of September next year, before the bell, by that time, by the end of the year should / would + have + V in 3 f.
r
I ( we, you, they ) have I (he, she, we, you, they) I (we) shall have asked. I (we) should have asked.
e
asked. had asked. You ( he, she, they ) will You (he, she, they) would
P
He (she) has asked.
have asked. have asked.


? Have I ? Had I ? Shall I have ? Should I have

s H o w l o n g ? S i n c e w h e n ?


e c t u o u for 2 hours, since 1856 for 2 hours, all his life, all day, for a long time, since for 2 hours, all my life should / would + have + been + Ving
r f t i n I ( we, you, they ) have been asking. I (he, she, we, you, they) had been asking. I (we) shall have been asking. I (we) should have been asking.
e n He (she) has been asking.
You ( he, she, they ) will You (he, she, they) would
P o

have been asking. have been asking.

C ? Have I been ? Had I been ? Shall I have been ? Should I have been








P a s s i v e v o i c e



P r e s e n t P a s t F u t u r e Future-in-the-Past
e
to be + V in 3 f. to be + V in 3 f. will / shall + to be + V in 3 f. should / would + to be + V in 3 f.
p l
I am asked. I (he, she) was asked. I (we) shall be asked. I (we) should be asked.
i m
He (she) is asked. We (you, they) were asked. He (she, you, they) will be He (she, you, they) would be
S
We (you, they) are asked.
asked. asked.


? Am I ? Was I ? Shall I be ? Should I be
u s
to be + being + V in 3 f. to be + being + V in 3 f.

i o
I am being asked. I (he, she) was being asked.

i n
He (she) is being asked. We (you, they) were being

o n t
We (you, they) are been asked. asked.

C
? Am I being ? Was I being



have / has + been + V in 3 f. had + been + V in 3 f. shall / will + have / has + been + V in 3 f. should / would + have + V in 3 f.
f e c t
I ( we, you, they ) have been asked. I (he, she, we, you, they) had been asked. I (we) shall have been asked. I (we) should have been asked.
e r
He (she) has been asked.
He ( she, you, they ) will He (she, you, they) would
P


have been asked. have been asked.


? Have I been ? Had I been ? Shall I have been ? Should I have been














































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































Sheet 2: Лист2



ТНE SUSTEM OF THE ENGLISH TENSES




A c t i v e v o i c e










P r e s e n t P a s t F u t u r e Future-in-the-Past
p l e i n i t e ) usually, always, every day, often, sometimes, as a rule, from time to time, generally yesterday, last night, last week (month, year), the day before yesterday, ago tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, in two days, next day (week, month) should / would + V
m p l e e f I (you, we, they) ask. I (he, she, we, you, they) I (we) shall ask. I (we) should ask.
S i n d He (she) asks. asked. You (he, she, they) will ask. You (he, she, they) would ask.

( I ? Do I ? Did I ? Shall I ? Should I


t o b e + V i n g ( P r e s e n t P a r t i c i p l e )


n u o u s
now, at this time, at this moment from 5 till 6, all day, at that moment, at 5 o'clock yesterday at 5 o'clock tomorrow should / would + to be + Ving
t i
I am asking. I (he, she) was asking. I (we) shall be asking. I (we) should be asking.
o n
He (she) is asking. You (we, they) were asking. You (he, she, they) will be You (he, she, they) would
C
You (we, they) are asking.
asking. be asking.


? Am I ? Was I ? Shall I be ? Should I be


t o h a v e + V i n t h e 3 f o r m ( P a s t P a r t i c i p l e )


f e c t
already, just, resently, ever, never, yet, since, lately, this week by the 1 of September last year, before, by by the 1 of September next year, before the bell, by that time, by the end of the year should / would + have + V in 3 f.
r
I ( we, you, they ) have I (he, she, we, you, they) I (we) shall have asked. I (we) should have asked.
e
asked. had asked. You ( he, she, they ) will You (he, she, they) would
P
He (she) has asked.
have asked. have asked.


? Have I ? Had I ? Shall I have ? Should I have

s H o w l o n g ? S i n c e w h e n ?


e c t u o u for 2 hours, since 1856 for 2 hours, all his life, all day, for a long time, since for 2 hours, all my life should / would + have + been + Ving
r f t i n I ( we, you, they ) have been asking. I (he, she, we, you, they) had been asking. I (we) shall have been asking. I (we) should have been asking.
e n He (she) has been asking.
You ( he, she, they ) will You (he, she, they) would
P o

have been asking. have been asking.

C ? Have I been ? Had I been ? Shall I have been ? Should I have been








P a s s i v e v o i c e



P r e s e n t P a s t F u t u r e Future-in-the-Past
e
to be + V in 3 f. to be + V in 3 f. will / shall + to be + V in 3 f. should / would + to be + V in 3 f.
p l
I am asked. I (he, she) was asked. I (we) shall be asked. I (we) should be asked.
i m
He (she) is asked. We (you, they) were asked. He (she, you, they) will be He (she, you, they) would be
S
We (you, they) are asked.
asked. asked.


? Am I ? Was I ? Shall I be ? Should I be
u s
to be + being + V in 3 f. to be + being + V in 3 f.

i o
I am being asked. I (he, she) was being asked.

i n
He (she) is being asked. We (you, they) were being

o n t
We (you, they) are been asked. asked.

C
? Am I being ? Was I being



have / has + been + V in 3 f. had + been + V in 3 f. shall / will + have / has + been + V in 3 f. should / would + have + V in 3 f.
f e c t
I ( we, you, they ) have been asked. I (he, she, we, you, they) had been asked. I (we) shall have been asked. I (we) should have been asked.
e r
He (she) has been asked.
He ( she, you, they ) will He (she, you, they) would
P


have been asked. have been asked.


? Have I been ? Had I been ? Shall I have been ? Should I have been

THE SUSTEM OF THE ENGLISH TENSES

Active voice



Present

Past

Future

Future-in-the-Past

S i m p l e

(I n d e f i n i t e)

usually, always, every day, often, sometimes, as a rule, from time to time, generally

I (you, we, they) ask.

He (she) asks.


? Do I

yesterday, last night, last week (month, year), the day before yesterday, ago

I (he, she, we, you, they) asked.


? Did I

tomorrow, in two days, the day after tomorrow, next day (week, month)

I (we) shall ask.

You (he, she, they) will ask.


? Shall I


should / would + V


I (we) should ask.

You (he, she, they) would ask.

? Should I

C o n t i n u o u s

now, at this time, at this moment


I am asking.

He (she) is asking.

You (we, they) are asking.

? Am I

from 5 till 6, all day, at that moment, at 5 o'clock yesterday

I (he, she) was asking.

You (we, they) were asking.


? Was I

at 5 o'clock tomorrow


I (we) shall be asking.

You (he, she, they) will be asking.

? Shall I be

should / would + to be + Ving


I (we) should be asking.

You (he, she, they) would be asking.

? Should I be

t o h a v e + V i n t h e 3 f o r m ( P a s t P a r t i c i p l e )
P e r f e c t

already, just, resently, ever, never, yet, since, lately, this week

I ( we, you, they ) have asked.

He (she) has asked.

? Have I

by, before, by the 1 of September last year


I (he, she, we, you, they) had asked.


? Had I

by the 1 of September next year, before the bell, by that time, by the end of the year

I (we) shall have asked.

You ( he, she, they ) will have asked.

? Shall I have

should / would + have + V in 3 f.


I (we) should have asked.

You (he, she, they) would have asked.

? Should I have

P e r f e c t

C o n t i n u o u s

for 2 hours, since 1856


I ( we, you, they ) have been asking.

He (she) has been asking.


? Have I been

for 2 hours, all his life, all day, for a long time, since

I (he, she, we, you, they) had been asking.


? Had I been

for 2 hours, all my life


I (we) shall have been asking.

You ( he, she, they ) will have been asking.


? Shall I have been

should / would + have + been + Ving

I (we) should have been asking.

You (he, she, they) would have been asking.

? Should I have been


Passive voice



Present

Past

Future

Future-in-the-Past

S i m p l e

(Indefinite)

am, is, are + V in 3 f.


I am asked.

He (she) is asked.

We (you, they) are asked.

? Am I

was, were + V in 3 f.


I (he, she) was asked.

We (you, they) were asked.


? Was I

will / shall + to be + V in 3 f.

I (we) shall be asked.

He (she, you, they) will be asked.

? Shall I be

should / would + to be + V in 3 f.

I (we) should be asked.

He (she, you, they) would be asked.

? Should I be

C o n t i n u o u s

am, is, are + being + V in 3 f.

I am being asked.

He (she) is being asked.

We (you, they) are being asked.

? Am I being

was, were + being + V in 3 f.

I (he, she) was being asked.

We (you, they) were being asked.


? Was I being



P e r f e c t

have / has + been + V in 3 f.

I ( we, you, they ) have been asked.

He (she) has been asked.

? Have I been

had + been + V in 3 f.


I (he, she, we, you, they) had been asked.


? Had I been

shall / will + have / has + been + V in 3 f.

I (we) shall have been asked.

He ( she, you, they ) will have been asked.

? Shall I have been

should / would + have + V in 3 f.

I (we) should have been asked.

He (she, you, they) would have been asked.

? Should I have been


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