1 Identifying tenses
a is walking n had been b walked washed/ c 'd been walking was washed d had taken o 've been e was taken washing f '11 take p will have g 'vehad been sold h '11 be having q sells i were having r will be sold/ j is freshly made 's going to k '11 have made be sold
1 's been made s will have been m 're being teaching washed t were being taught
Exercise 2 ACTIVE
Simple Continuous Present sells is walking Past walked were
having Future will take will be
having Present Perfect have had have been
washing Past Perfect had taken had been
Future Perfect will have will have made been
Simple Continuous Present is made are being
washed Past was taken were being
taught Future will be sold Present Perfect has been
made Past Perfect had been
washed Future Perfect will have been sold
2 Correcting mistakes
b Manchester United are playing
really well at the moment. ... c I've heard you're going to have a
baby!/you're having a baby! ... d • e When I was a little girl, I always
spent my ...
f I've been going out with Paul ... g ... Perhaps I'll get him ... h •
i A ... strike has been called by ... j ... and deserved to pass ...
3 Choosing the right tense
a 've been looking/was looking b wonder/'m wondering/
wondered/was wondering c went d 'd never been
e was doing/did
g did you feel
i 've visited
k was travelling
1 have been learning/are learning
m 're looking forward
n is hoping/hopes
o will that be
p will be able
r 've been
s '11 get
t 've discussed
4 Active or passive?
a Volvos aren't made in Norway. b Our house was built in the 17th
c Has your bedroom been decorated d My bedroom's being decorated ... e While ... was being built... f ... our house had been burgled. g She won't be recognized ...
a were caught were leaving/left
b arrived had caught
c are emptied
d hadn't been delivered
e has been missing
f don't you like love
're going to see
g were driving were overtaken h had been snowing i arrive '11 be picked up
5 At home on a train Exercise 1
a don't live k have been b has travelled removed c is made 1 paid d 've lived/ m were offered
've been living n 'm discovering e didn't want o was built f saw p 've worked/ g fell 're working/ h bought have been i had already working
done q '11 ever sell j we're still r will remain/
a Do they live in a caravan? b How long have they lived/been
c Who did they buy it from? d How much did they pay for their
house? e How much were they recently
offered for the house? f Where and when was it built? g Are they still working on the hous< h Will they ever sell the house?
6 have, be,or do?
a has (A) h does (A) b did (F) i was (A) c have (F) j is (A) d 've (A) being (A) e is/was (F) k doing (F) has/had (F) to have (F)
f didn't (A) 1 been (A) g done (F) 'm(F)
7 Forms of have and have got Exercise 1
a '... have you got/do you have a ...'
'... I'm having ...'
'... I've got/have ... to have ...' b '... have you got/do you have ...'
'... I haven't/don't...'
'... haven't got/don't have ... c '...had...'
'... Will you have to ...' d 'Have you got/do you have ...'
'No, we haven't/don't. Have/do
'... I've had ... I've got/have ...'
'... to have ...' e '... We've got to/have to ...'
'... haven't got/don't have ...'
'... had ... Have ...' f ... having ... I've had ... haven't
a She hasn't got...
b I don't usually have ...
c I haven't got/don't have ...
d They aren't having ...
e We didn't have ...
f I don't have to ...
g I didn't have to ...
a What colour eyes has she got? b What time do you usually have
c How much money do you have? d What are they having a row about? e Did you have a good time on
holiday? f How many hours a day do you have
to work? g , What time did you have to get up
8 Rooms and their contents
Kitchen: taps sink dishwasher
scales breadbin tin opener
cat flap tea towel high chair
Welsh dresser Living room: French windows
armchair sofa rug
drinks cabinet magazine rack
ornaments Bedroom: chest of drawers
dressing table cot duvet
wardrobe pillow ornaments
sheets rug quilt Bathroom: shower curtain
towel rail washbasin bidet taps
scales flannel towel
9 house and home idioms
a He's got a huge appetite.
b They have a very good relationship.
c I could shop for a very long time.
d The drinks are free.
e The musical was a success.
f The pictures made me realize fully
the horrors of the famine. g Mum earns the money in our
h Haig managed to win, although it wasn't easy.
a When I saw her empty cat basket it
really brought home the fact I'd
never see her again. b We all got on like a house on fire. c They eat us out of house and home. d Apparently, it brought the house
down. e I could dance until the cows come
10 Literal and idiomatic
a out e down h back b away f off on i in c down g out j away d off
a fell out (L) e Hold on (I)
fell out (I) hold on (L) b put up (I) f take it off (L)
put up (L) take off (I) c 've sorted g picked it up (I)
out (L) pick him up (L)
sort it out (I) d stand up (L)
stand up (I)
11 Vowel sounds and spelling Exercise 1
a friend e took i thought b English f huge j shirt c cheese g crash k chart d month h shock 1 temper
lei letter weather breakfast head /i/ sick women busy building I'r.l tree jeans heat machine /a/ hug mother fun worry Ivl good woman could pullover /u:/ cool roof suit canoe 1x1 camp family accent fan /o/ log odd sausage want /a:/ horse walk daughter floor /3:i early work search worm /a:/ party father banana garden /a/ letter banana father machine
a Learning a foreign language is very
useful. b It's important to have a good
c English spelling isn't easy. d It's good to keep lists of vocabulary. e Grammar doesn't have to be
boring. f Everyone wants to speak English
1 Tina's diary
Exercises 1 and 2
a usually f rarely/ b occasionally hardly ever c used to C) g always d frequently h sometimes e rarely/ i will
hardly ever j would (•)
2 Present habit Exercise 1
Id 2g 3f 4e 5h 6c 7b 8 i 9 j 10 a
Exercise 2 (Sample answers)
a She has three a day.
b He's always telling people how
clever he is. c She won't eat anything at all
d He doesn't play anything. e They're always buying things. f He's always sitting at his computer,
surfing the Internet. g She's always watching TV. h He always expects the worst to
happen. i They will eat with their mouths
open. j He never lets you down.
3 used to and would Exercise 1
a used to e used to
b Did you use to f didn't use to
c never used to/ g did you use to
didn't use to h Didn't you d Did you use to use to
1 a,b 2 a 3 a,b,c 4 a,b,c 5 a 6 a, b, c 7 a, b 8 a 9 a,b,c
4 Criticizing other people
b • d • e • h • i •
Exercise 2 My family
a My dad will mend/is always
mending... b My brother will leave/is always
leaving... c My sister will borrow/is always
borrowing... d Uncle Tom will smoke/is always
smoking ... e My grandpa would chew/was always
chewing... f Our great-grandma wouldn't turn
on/was always turning off...
5 Henry's Ј4.5 million secret Exercise 1
al b2 cl d3 e2 fl g2 hli3jlk211m3n2 o 3 p 3
a believe d didn't g always b to e use h inherited c would f used
6 get, become, or be?
a get upset h became clear b became ill i got to know c 'm getting better got to like d to become j aren't used to
a pilot k has become a e '11 be ready bit of a bore 'm just getting 1 'm tired dressed m gets dark 've been ready n is becoming f 're lost more g are getting/ widespread are going to get/ have got divorced
7 Money Exercise 1 A+B
I took out a loan.
I exchanged some traveller's cheques.
I inherited my grandfather's farm.
We don't accept credit cards.
I need change for a fiver.
I earned over Ј2,000 in interest.
B + C
This new coat was a bargain.
His cheque bounced.
Inflation went up by 2%.
The exchange rate is good at the
My credit card expires at the end of
My piggy bank is full of 5p pieces.
Exercise 2 A lesson in thrift at the supermarket
a check-out i wallet b bar codes j cash c added k customers d bill 1 cut e pay m came to f salary n saving g cheque o change h overdrawn p receipt
8 Verb + object + preposition
a remind me so much of b invest all our money in c insured our car against d congratulated me on
e was compensated ... for f models herself on g hide the truth from h held her tightly against/to i invited 300 guests to j brainwashes people into k inherit a penny from 1 shouted abuse at m forgive him for n was accused ... of
9 Rhymes and limericks
should good food nude bread said leaf chief choose lose taught court toes knows chef deaf hate weight through knew tight height wore pour full wool brain reign pool fool leave grieve blood mud foot put
Exercise 2 The Pelican
A rare old bird is a pelican
His beak can hold more than his belly
He can take in his beak
Enough food for a week, And I'm damned if I know how the hell he can!
The lady from Twickenham There was a young lady from Twickenham
Whose shoes were too tight to walk quick in 'em.
She came back from a walk
Looking whiter than chalk And she took them both off and was sick in 'em!
1 Real or hypothetical past? Exercise 1
a • d • h •
Sentences b, c, e, f, and g all express
a X b • c X d X e • f X g X h • Exercise 3
a don't, d is. g was. b didn't, e won't, h don't. c can't, f do.
2 Present and past wishes Exercise 1
I wish you were rich. I wish I were rich. I wish you could come. I wish I could come. I wish you would come. I wish you had come.
a could/ e had stayed
was able to f didn't speak/ b wasn't wouldn't speak c didn't g hadn't spent d hadn't gone h lived
3 Expressions of regret Exercise 1
a I wish I'd invited him to the party.
b You should have been watching ..,
c If only I hadn't said that to her.
d I wish I hadn't hit him.
e I'd rather you didn't tell her.
f I wish Megan didn't/wouldn't stay
out so late.
g If only we could come ... h I should have worked harder ...
Exercise 2 (Sample answers)
a I wish I had a Rolls Royce.
b If only I could get a job.
c If only I could get to sleep. I wish it
were morning. d We should have booked some
e I wish I'd bought some petrol. f I wish she'd stop playing, (the cat
4 Making excuses Exercise 1
a If I hadn't had the shellfish, I
wouldn't have been ill. b I would have phoned you if I'd had
the time. c If I'd known the jumper was so
expensive, I wouldn't have bought
it. d I wouldn't have believed it if I
hadn't seen it with my own eyes.
a If I'd known your address, I'd have
sent you a postcard. b If I'd known when your birthday
was, I'd have bought you a present. c If I'd set my alarm clock, I wouldn't
be late/have been late. d If I hadn't been taking my wife to
hospital, I wouldn't have broken the
5 May's disastrous day
a ... she'd set her alarm clock.
b ... she hadn't been late again.
c ... she wouldn't have locked herself
in the toilet and she wouldn't have
forgotten to meet Ben for lunch. d ... he wouldn't have ended their
relationship. e ... she wouldn't have lost a contact
f ... she hadn't lost a contact lens. g ... she wouldn't have had to wait at
the bus stop in the pouring rain/...
she wouldn't have got so wet. h ... she hadn't waited at the bus stop
in the pouring rain/ ... she hadn't
got so wet. i ... she hadn't forgotten to meet him
three times. j ... it wouldn't have eaten the
M Well, if you hadn't ended our relationship. I wouldn't have forgotten to feed the cat and then it wouldn't have eaten the budgie.
M Well, that was Ms Collins' fault. If she hadn't cancelled mv business trip. I wouldn't have been upset and
locked myself in the toilet and I wouldn't have forgotten to meet you for lunch.
B Ah! Now I understand everything. If you'd remembered to set your alarm clock, you wouldn't have overslept and you wouldn't have been late for work and Ms Collins wouldn't have cancelled your business trip and you wouldn't have been upset and forgotten our date.
6 Revision of all conditionals
a If I still feel sick. I won't go ... b If you sold them, you'd make ... c If I see her. I'll tell her... d If Alice hadn't gone ... she wouldn't
have met... e 'If she didn't love him, she wouldn't
have married him.' f If you buy .... you get one free. g A What would you do if you saw a ghost?
B I'd run a mile. h If we had brought.... we would
know... i If you hadn't had ..., the house
would have burnt down. j If I were you, I'd apologize. k If he eats cheese, he gets ... 1 If you listened .... you would have
heard ... wouldn't be stuck here.
7 Words other than if Exercise 1
a Supposing e Were b in case f as long as c unless g Had d Providing h Should
a I won't come unless they invite me. b Supposing he left you, what would
you do? c I'll join the tennis club provided
that you do/join too. d We're going to install a smoke
alarm in case there is a fire. e She won't get the job unless she
learns to speak French. f Imagine the lifeguard hadn't been
there, what would have happened? g I won't go out this evening in case
Paul rings. h I'll come at 8.00 as long as that's all
right with you.
8 Poor rich Mr Briggs
a wish b provided c unless d would e should f only g if h case i even j would k been 1 be m hadn't n would o hadn't
9 Physical appearance or personality?
Physical appearance: curly spotty skinny freckled wrinkled bald well-built graceful bespectacled agile chubby smart
Personality: brainy nosy cheeky moody two-faced absent-minded narrow-minded quick-tempered affectionate hard-hearted big-headed smart
to arm a country against the threat of
war to back out of an agreement/the car
out of the garage to elbow someone out of the way to eye someone with suspicion to finger the material gently to foot the bill for the meal to hand out the books to the class to head the ball into the net to shoulder the responsibility/blame to thumb through a book quickly to toe the line in a job or organization
a. handed g were armed b elbow h toe c thumbed i fingering d eyed j have backed e was footing k shoulder f headed
10 Nouns from phrasal verbs
a breakdown g outlook b comeback h outbreak c hangover i breakthrough d check-up j feedback e outcome k takeaway f by-pass 1 downfall
11 Ways of pronouncing -ea-
Exercises 1 and 2 lei bread: breath breadth deaf
thread death breast leapt
lead (n) health heaven jealous
meant weapon 1'r.l meat: scream breathe cease
cheat heal beast leap lead (v)
reason lisl fear: dear tear (n) spear
clear beard gear theatre
weary /es/ wear: tear(v) bear pear
/ei/ break: steak great ls:l learn: yearn earth pearl
1 Adding information before
and after a noun Exercise 1
a There's a woman wearing a hat
pushing a pram. b I can see a boy being chased by a
dog. c A man is sitting on a bench reading
a newspaper and eating a sandwich. d There's a gardener with a cap on his
head cutting the grass. e A family is sitting under a tree
having a picnic. f I can see an ice-cream van with a
long queue. g There are some children in rowing
boats on the lake. h Some men are sitting fishing by the
side of the lake.
i There's a boy on a hill flying a kite. j I can see a boy on a bike riding past
a lawn mower f ice-cream van b litterbin g rowing boat c tennis racquet h fishing rod d goalposts i mountain bike e wheelbarrow j rollerblades
a I'm going on a two-week adventure
holiday driving through the Sahara
Desert. b The judge gave her a five-year
prison sentence for kidnapping a
millionaire's son. c She's going to do a three-year
course in modern languages at
Oxford University. d Mercedes have brought out a new
two-door sports car with a top
speed of 150 miles per hour.
2 Articles Exercise 1
a a b the c the d a e (nothing), a, the f the g a, (nothing) h the, (nothing) i a. The, (nothing), the
a An b the c a da
e (nothing) f an g a h the
i the j a/the k The la m the
n the o (nothing) p the q the
r (nothing) s his t The
u (nothing) v an w (nothing)
x (nothing) y the z A
a All none i Each
b either both j either both
c both neither k Neither
d every 1 Either
e each m both either
f each n No
g no every o Each
a These f that k that b This g this 1 this c That h these m That d those i this n those e that j this o that
5 Emphatic structures
b The thing I don't understand is
where he gets his money from. c What I like about her is her sense of
humour. d It's the dark winter evenings I don't
like. e What those children need is firm
guidance. f The thing I don't like about Jenny is
the way she always has to know
g It isn't money I want, it's love. h What I can't stand about John is the
fact that he never buys you a drink. i The thing you have to remember
about Kathy is that she's sincere. j It's the fact that I'm rich and he
isn't that makes him jealous.
6 Emphasis in speaking
a I did do it.
b I did it. Sorry
c I knew John was coming.
d I knew that ages ago.
e I didn't tell her.
f I didn't tell her.
g I told you.
h I like Annie.
i I do like Annie. I think she's great.
j I like her.
7 Word order
a I was born in the middle of winter
in 1981. b She bought a new car with the
money her father had left her in his
will. c He walked with a limp, because he
had hurt his leg playing football. d I usually go shopping at Tesco's
because the prices are lower. e I go shopping early on Saturday
morning, before everyone else
arrives. f I'm going to London today to buy
a new coat for Jack. g You should put your money in the
bank immediately. h Last year we went to France on
holiday, but unfortunately the
weather was awful. i She tidied up her flat quickly/She
quickly tidied up her flat, because
her parents were coming to stay. j I'll never understand why she loves
him so passionately.
8 The passive voice
a Many of van Gogh's most famous paintings were completed in Aries in 1888, including Sunflowers. Just two years later he shot himself at the age of 37.
During his lifetime, he only sold one of his pictures. Today his art work is among the highest priced in the world. In 1989 Irises was bought for $53.9 million.
b I've been invited to Buckingham Palace to collect an award for a book I wrote a few years ago.
c Penicillin was discovered in 1929. Since then, it has saved many lives.
d Scientists working in America have discovered a drug that prevents the common cold. The drug will now be produced commercially, and it should be available soon.
9 Combining nouns
a the back of the chair
b the cat's milk
c toilet paper
d my parents' advice
e a bottle of wine
f road sign
g wine bottles
h The Prime Minister's duties/The
duties of the Prime Minister i The heel of my shoe j your hair brush k the end of the film 1 today's news m Underground station n my parents' wedding anniversary o The company's success/The success
of the company
p a fortnight's holiday q The government's economic
policy/The economic policy of the
government r the local state school s The annual rate of inflation t coffee cups u cup of coffee
10 Hot verbs set and break
set off on a journey a bone in plaster fire to sth your alarm clock a good example a new world record your heart on doing . sth
break a bone skiing the sound barrier the law the old world record a promise someone's heart the speed limit
a Teachers should set a good example
b You're breaking the speed limit. c I'll set the alarm clock for .,. d It broke his heart... e I set fire to the kitchen. f ... is breaking the law. g ... do we need to set off? h He's broken the old world record ... i She's set a new world record. j I broke my arm ... the doctor set
my arm in plaster ... k You should never break a promise.
I ... it breaks the sound barrier ... m We've set our hearts on moving ...
II Noun + prepositions
a out of b in c on, by d for e in f between g for h to i about/on j with k to 1 of m on n to o in
12 Nouns and verbs
advice /sdvais/ to advise /sdvaiz/ use /ju:s/ to use /ju:z/ abuse /sbju:s/ to abuse /sbju:z/ belief /bili:f/ to believe /brii:v/ relief /nli:f/ to relieve /nli:v/ grief /gri:f/ to grieve /gri:v/ excuse /ikskju:s/ to excuse /ikskju:z/ breath /bre6/ to breathe /bri:S/ half /ha:f/ to halve /ha:v/ house /haus/ to house /hauz/ safe /serf/ to save /seiv/ bath /ba:9/ to bathe /bei8/
a belief g half half
b breath h use
c safe i being housed
d abuse j excuse
e bathing k grieve
f relief 1 advice
1 Present Perfect simple or
continuous? Exercise 1
a I've written to Auntie Fay to wish
her a happy birthday.
I've been writing my essay all
morning. b I've lost my car keys.
I've been losing weight recently.
c They've missed the train.
They've been missing you lots, so
come home soon. d She's been talking on the phone for
She's talked about this subject
before. e Paula's been leaving work late all
Paula's left work early today to
meet her uncle. f The cat's been going next door to
have its dinner.
The cat's gone upstairs. g He's had a heart attack.
He's been having second thoughts
about accepting the job. h I've been saving up to buy a new
I've saved up about Ј200.
1 I've been swimming which is why
my hair is wet.
I've swum twenty lengths today. j I've been finding it difficult to
I've found my cheque book at last.
a 's been snowing
b have you travelled
c have lived 've been trying
haven't managed d have been arguing e 've eaten
f have been running g 's been crying 's failed h 've been sunbathing
2 Present Perfect/Past Simple
a Which school did he go to? b How long has he known Julian?
Since he was 11 years old. c How long has he been married to
Maria? d What did he do/was he doing in
He taught/was teaching English. e When did he return to England?
After his son was born. f How many times did he work as a
sales representative? g Where did he move to after
Caroline was bom? h How long has he been selling
Since he was fifty-five years old. i Has Paul had a successful career?
No, he hasn't, because he's now
selling clothes at Peckham market.
3 World's highest dustman Exercise 1
a lives g has found b has already h came
made i has collected c aims/'s aiming j has been d was working preparing e heard k 's training f was looking 1 succeeds
a 'm beginning m try/'m trying/ b 'vedone 've been trying c feel n 's snowed/ d 've been 's been snowing learning/ o are sunbathing/
've learned have been e isn't/hasn't sunbathing
been p are checking/ f 've slept/'ve have been
been sleeping checking g 're staying q mentioned h dream r are thinking/ i haven't seen were thinking j feels s get k 've been telling/ t make
tell u get up 1 's been/is v to be lying
4 Present Perfect passive
a A yachtsman has been rescued in
the Pacific. b Valuable jewels have been stolen
from Harrods. c The missing boy has been found
alive. d MPs have been given a huge pay
rise. e Ten people have been killed by a
tornado in Texas. f An ancient tomb has been
discovered in Egypt. g 2,000 people have been made
redundant at British Aerospace. h A cure has been discovered for
5 have something done
a I had one hundred copies of my
b She wants to have her ears pierced. c I'm going to have my eyes tested. d They've had their leaking roof
fixed. e We haven't had the photocopier
Exercise 2 (Sample answers)
They've had the cake decorated.
She's having her hair done.
She's had the wedding dress made.
She's having her nails manicured.
They've had the invitations printed.
They're having the photographs taken.
They had the champagne delivered.
She's having the bouquets delivered.
He had his hair cut.
He's having his feet massaged.
He had his suit fitted.
They'll be having the photographs
He had his shirt pressed.
She'll be having her wedding dress
1 = Car; 2 = Bus; 3 = Train; 4 = Plane;
5 = Bicycle; 6 = Ferry
123456 get into/ ^ out of_________________
geton/• • • • • pit___________________
take off/ ^
drive ^ f/________
catch/miss ^ \/ >/____f/
Exercise 2 car: traffic lights one-way street
joyrider tyres trailer slip-road
spare tyre service station lay-by
seat-belt horn tunnel
traffic jam bus: traffic lights tunnel tyres
timetable spare tyre lay-by
horn traffic jam season ticket
ticket collector train: carriage tunnel ticket
collector platform timetable
track porter coach
season ticket plane: runway check-in desk
trolley tyres seat-belt cargo
hand luggage Customs cabin
life jacket bicycle: handlebars tyres crash
helmet traffic lights
one-way street ferry: deck life jacket gangway
jetty port horn cargo cabin
e SLIP ROAD
h SERVICE STATION
k ROUND TRIP
1 TRAFFIC JAM
n CHECK-IN DESK
Mystery word: TRANSPORTATION
7 Prepositions of movement
a above/over/behind n in b out of o off c along/down/up p over d out of/through q across e along/down/up r towards f over s to g to t through h on/onto u on i round v by/beside j along/up/down w against k past x past/by 1 into y over m beside/by/at
8 Word stress
a explorer exploration b Japan Japanese c optimist optimistic d industry industrial e economy economics f politics politician g origins original h opera operatic
Exercises 2 and 3
• • opera chocolates business broadcast
•• Japan create abroad hotel unique
• • • explorer religion delicious destruction illegal develop
• • • optimist industry politics origins traveller backpacker privileged organize passenger caravan photograph
••• Japanese overtake
• • • • exploration optimistic economics politician operatic prehistoric
• • • • industrial economy original discovery inhabitant experiment photographer
1 Past Simple and Past Perfect
a fell i had cost
b had fallen j cost
c had felt/felt k flew
d felt 1 had never flown
e had had m caught
f had n had caught
g tore o had been
h had torn p were
•/: feel have cost catch ^:fall tear fly be
2 Past Simple or Continuous?
a played/was playing were winning
b was coughing/coughed didn't get c was playing hit made d wasn't thinking had e picked gave made f was pruning heard appeared
stung g was snowing got up
were making put raced
3 Past Simple or Past Perfect?
a didn't find had given b rang had just returned c had wanted did had come d had/had had burst/had burst
broke/had broken left/had left e went had been had had
decided f had been/was became
had earned gave g had eaten didn't fit h came had done had made
4 Time expressions Exercise 1
a3 b4 c2 d5 el f9 g6 h 10 i 8 j 7 k 13 1 14 m 15 n 12 o 11
a Two years ago, while I was working
in Paris, my grandfather died. b As soon as I had fed the cat I did
my homework. c First I had a shower, then I got
dressed. d Since I was a child I had always
wanted to go to Australia, and I
finally went last year. e As he posted the letter he realized
he hadn't put a stamp on it. f By the time he'd finished speaking,
most of the audience had fallen
g Once I'd told him the truth I felt
better. h Until I tried/had tried waterskiing I
hadn't believed/didn't believe how
difficult it would be.
5 Puss in Boots
1 had been staying, had just waved
2 were driving, was miaowing
3 crashed into
4 caught fire, arrived, pulled them out
5 had raced back
6 leapt up, ran away, was carrying
7 hadn't found
8 was lying awake, heard, woke, had been dreaming
9 crept, the noise was coming from, were bleeding, had found his way, had been walking
10 knitted, wore
a were driving n was lying awake b had been o had been
staying dreaming c had just waved p heard d was miaowing q woke e crashed into r crept f caught fire s the noise was g arrived coming from h pulled them t had been
out walking i had raced back u had found his j was carrying way k leapt up v were bleeding 1 ran away w knitted m hadn't found x wore
a Who had Jim and Rita been staying
b Why was Whiskers miaowing? c What happened to their car? d What was Rita doing when the car
exploded? e Why did Whiskers run away?/Why
did Whiskers leap into the air? f What had Rita been dreaming
about? g How long had Whiskers been
walking (for)? h Why did Rita knit him some baby
6 Active to passive
a A medieval temple was discovered
underneath the new housing estate. b The races were held indoors
because it was raining. c Our house had been broken into
and all my jewellery had been
stolen. d The leisure centre had been booked
for a children's party on Saturday. e The dishwasher was being fixed so I
couldn't leave the house. f Our hotel room still hadn't been
cleaned when we returned. g The fish hadn't been cooked for
long enough. It was still raw! h New traffic lights were being put up
at the crossroads.
7 Active and passive
a had just d was overcome
succeeded e suffered b was smiling f died c waving
a had died g had just caught b was fighting h struck c was struck i were paralysed d fell j was being e wasn't badly buried
injured k shattered f was fishing Rueben Tice
a wasn't e exploded b was working f was hit c hadn't slept g was killed d was putting/ h was covered
had been putting
8 The world of literature
Poetry: nursery rhyme character ballad verse paperback hardback
Prose: plot chapter autobiography character best-seller review science fiction novelist critic blockbuster fairy tale hardback whodunnit paperback thriller
Drama: plot act director
character backstage leading role .science fiction script review blockbuster props scenery critic rehearsal playwright whodunnit stalls thriller standing ovation performance
9 Words commonly confused
1 a 're waiting for b is expected c are looking forward to
2 a ground b floor c ground
3 a Actually b at the moment c really
4 a alone lonely b lone
5 a nervous b embarrassed c ashamed
6 a was usually taken b brought/brings c fetch
7 a Have you seen b were watching c Look at
10 Phrasal verbs type 1
show off-boast turnup-arrive find out - discover own up - admit doze off- fall responsibility
asleep cheer up - be hold on - wait happier speak up - talk go out - stop
louder burning set off - begin a shut up-be quiet
journey stay in - not go blow up - explode out, stay at home settle down - have
a calmer, more
a owns up i dozed off b went out j find out c '11 turn up k Shut up d set off 1 Hold on e Cheer up m Speak up f showing off ' n blew up g stay in h settled down
11 Diphthongs Exercise 1
a /pei/ e /dis/ b /rait/ f /boi/ c /faun/ g /tus/ d /round/ h /fea/
a near e page b care f join c throw g town d flight h fewer
1'v.l (2) /ei/ (1 ) /u:/(4) /so/(3)
/3:/(5) /3:/(6) /3:/(8) /I8/(7)
/s:/ (10) /a:/ (9)
/u:/ (13) /so/ (14)
/u:z/(17) /suz/(15) /aus/(16)
/cm/(22) /u:m/(21) /sum/(20)
/ol/(23) /sul/(24) /Am/(26)
/somf (25) ls\l (27) (28) /ei/(29) /e/(30) /u/ (33) /u:/(32) /a/ (31) /ud/ (35) /sold/ (34) /su/(38) /a/(36) /o/(37)
1 Countable or uncountable?
a luggage f unemployment b food g accommodation c cash h health d corn i music e fruit j traffic
2 some or any?
a any d some any b some/any any e any any c Some any f some some
3 much or many?
a Is there much work ...? b I didn't spend much time .'.. c Did they do much research ...? d They couldn't give me much
information ... e There is too much traffic ... f I didn't have too many problems...
4 The canteen
Exercise 1 (Sample answers) a There are lots of cheese sandwiches. b There are a few ham sandwiches. c There's a huge amount of spaghetti. d There's only a little rice and
vegetable curry. e There are a few hamburgers. f There are no chips. g There's hardly any fruit salad.
h There are a couple of bananas. i There aren't many doughnuts. j There's hardly any apple juice.
a 's lots f are a few b a few g 's only a little c 's only a little h 've got a couple d aren't any (left) i a little e a little j lots
5 very little, a little, very few, a few, fewer, less
a a few chips
b a little whisky
c Children have less respect for their
teachers than they used to. d very few e a little Swedish f Fewer people . g Very few people h a few years
i There's very little I can do ... j a few of them
6 From riches to rags Exercise 1
a many k all b hardly any/ 1 a large number
very little m very little/ c a few hardly any d a huge amount n fewer e no o less f few p none g nobody q a lot h much r a couple i most s anything j several t Something
a Fred has no relatives. b Fred didn't talk to anyone about his
grief. c People were friendly to Fred
because he had a lot of money. d He invested a lot/a huge amount of
his money. e Fred had a little money left when
Barings went bankrupt. f Nobody helped Fred when he ran
out of money. g Fred has made a couple of real
friends. h Fred has learned a lot from his
7 something, anybody,
everyone, nowhere... Exercise 1
a somewhere h anywhere b anyone i someone c everywhere j something
anywhere anything d anything k anyone e everything 1 Everyone/ f nothing Everybody g nobody/no one
a He told the police that he knew
He didn't tell the police anything. b I think they live somewhere in
I don't mind. I'll live anywhere in
c Anybody can cook. It's easy.
Nobody phoned you. Sorry. d I've searched everywhere.
I can't find it anywhere. e I thought I'd know somebody at the
I didn't know anyone at the party. f My parents never took me
anywhere when I was a kid.
My parents took me everywhere
when I was young. g Jane always got everything she
Jane didn't have anything to wear. h I've already had something to eat.
I've had nothing to eat.
8 all or every?
a everything b Everything c All d Every e All f All g All h all the i everything j all k Every
9 A piece of cake! Exercise 1
a jar of honey a can of beer/soup/
Coke a slice of bread/cake
a tube of toothpaste a piece of cake/
paper/bread a loaf of bread
a bottle of beer/Coke a bar of
soap/chocolate a box of chocolates
a tin of soup a sheet of paper
a a piece/slice f slice of bread
of cake g many cans/ b a tin/can of bottles of beer
soup h bar of soap c sheets of paper i a jar of special d a box of apple blossom
chocolates honey, e bar of chocolate
10 Prepositions and nouns
above/below/on average on foot
under arrest over/under Ј500
over/under 18 years old
under new management
on holiday under pressure
at/by midnight during/in the night
by/on New Year's Day
by/during/in the winter
by/on Friday afternoon
at/by/during the weekend
in/on time in a fortnight's time
during/in the rush hour in his forties
a over b in c on d at e on f on g By h On i at j during/ in k below 1 under m in n by o in
11 Sentence stress
a Well, I know he earns a lot more
• than me.
b What do you mean? He's already bought a brand new one.
c Didn't you know that all of Frank's
clothes are designer labels? d He has loads of them.
e No, in fact he's in Florida on
• • f Really? The girl I saw him with had
• • short, brown hair.
Exercises 1 and 2
Fruit: 'grapefruit pear 'pineapple 'cherry 'melon 'orange plum 'strawberry 'raspberry avo'cado 'mango
Vegetables: 'carrot 'cauliflower pea po'tato 'cabbage leek cour'gette 'parsnip 'cucumber 'sweetcorn 'spinach 'onion
1 Question tags
a You're going to work harder from
now on, aren't you? b I'll see you next week, won't I? c Kate's leaving soon, isn't she? d You'll ring when you get there,
won't you? e Our plane takes off at 4 p.m.,
doesn't it? f The decorators will have finished by
next week, won't they? g You aren't getting married next
week, are you? h We won't need tickets to get in, will
1 We'll be millionaires one day, won't
we? j Max won't be coming, will he?
2 will or going to?
a A 'm going to B '11 b A are going to B '11 c A 'm going to '11 B '11 d A 's going to/will B '11 e A 'm not going to B '11 f A '11 B 'm going to '11 g A 'm going to B '11 '11 h A 're going to/'ll B '11
3 What does John say?
a. I'll buy her a present.
b I'm going to study hard ...
c I'm seeing/going to see ...
d I think Manchester United will/are
going to win on Saturday. e I'm sorry. I'm going to be late. f My sister is going to have/having a
baby next March. g My plane takes off at 7.30 a.m.
from London, Heathrow. h I'll be lying on a beach in Spain this
time next week.
4 Future Cont. or Perfect?
a I'll have become ...
b I'll be running my own ,..
c I'll have moved to California.
d I'll be living in a mansion ...
e I'll have joined a ...
f I'll have married a ...
g I'll be earning over ... h I'll have given up smoking.
5 A Hollywood interview Exercise 1
a are getting h will arrive b will have i are coming
exchanged j won't be c '11 make coming d are going to k are going to
tell have e are having 1 doesn't start f will you be m will be arriving
inviting n leaves g are coming o '11 be
a will be e will be working
expecting f will be worried/ b '11 own worrying c will have fallen g won't have
out remembered/ d will be having/ won't remember
will have had h will want i won't agree
6 Correcting mistakes
a A What are you doing this weekend?
B • b A •
B Oh, no! What am I going to do? c A Is it true that Rachel is getting married to ...
B • d A •
B Yuk! You'll have to wake me up.
I can never get up ... e A •
B ... You'll be getting ... f A •
B ... It'll only take a ... g A •
B ... We're going to stay/
're staying at home. h A I'll ring you as soon as I arrive.
7 Future time clauses
a won't get eat sensibly.
b 're not moving to find/have found
c '11 love/'re going to love meet
d Are you going to learn 're
e won't go to bed have
f 's going to be 've finished
g don't do will you have to
h will deal are
i '11 feel have/have had
j try/have tried '11 never use
Exercise 1 (Sample answers) a The nurse took the patient's
temperature. b The surgeon performed a difficult
operation. c The accident victim was carried on
a stretcher. d The toddler fell over and grazed his
e The teenager had spots on her face. f The pregnant woman felt faint in
the smoky atmosphere. g The old man had a heart attack.
h The tennis player sprained her
wrist. i The racing driver was lucky to
survive the crash. j The soldier was wounded in the
k The gardener was stung by a wasp. 1 The ferry passengers felt sea-sick
during the crossing. m The holidaymaker suffered from
a injured f allergic to b dislocated g a blister c stitches h dizzy d pain i run down e a rash j damages
9 Hot Verbs be and have
be on the safe side in touch with sb no point in doing sth off colour out of one's mind up to date in charge of sb/sth on one's mind
have the nerve to do sth sb round a word with sb a ball no chance of doing sth
a be a bit off g had the nerve
colour h to be on the b '11 be in touch safe side c 're having Mel i have no chance
and Andy of
round j 'm in charge of d 's always on k having a ball
my mind 1 's no point in e 've been out m be up to date
of my mind f have a word
10 Phrasal verbs types 2 and 3
a talked it over g look after him b take after her h look into it c sort it out i get over it d gone off her j work it out e call it off k putting me f put them away down
11 Sounds and spelling
a won't /au/ want /r>/ b walk h:/ work ly.l c wonder /a/ wander lol d woman /u/ women /i/ e warm lo:l worm /3:/ f word /3:/ ward Iv.l g wear leal weary list h weight /ei/ weird /is/
a phone e weak h height b blood f lower i pear c love g north j layer d through
1 General knowledge quiz
Ib 2a 3a 4c 5b 6a 7c 8b 9c 10 a
2 Defining or non-defining?
aD bD cND dD eND f D g ND h D i ND j ND
a ... who could teach me ...
b ... that has four bedrooms.
c ... Romeo and Juliet, which is one of
the best films I've ever seen. d ... that sells second-hand furniture? e Marilyn Monroe, whose real name
was Norma Jean Baker, died of an
overdose of barbiturates. f ... who lose their temper ... g My computer, which I bought just
last year, is already out of date. h I met a girl I went to school with. i Professor James Williams, who is
considered to be the world's expert
on butterflies, will... j I bought a ham and pickle
sandwich, which I ate immediately.
3 Punctuation and omitting the pronoun
a The thing that I most regret is not
going to university. b My two daughters, who are 16 and
13, are both interested in dancing. c (no change) d (no change) e (no change) f Salt, whose qualities have been
known since prehistoric times, is
used to season and preserve food. g The CD -that I bought yesterday
doesn't work. h You know the book -that you paid
Ј20 for? I just got it for Ј5. i (no change) j Devon, where my mother's family
comes from, is famous ...
4 All relative pronouns Exercise 1
a Have I told you recently how much I
love you? b I have to do what I believe to be
right. c I love garlic in all my food, which is
why I'm always brushing my teeth. d We're emigrating to Australia,
where my brother lives. e I met a girl whose hair came down
to her waist. f I passed all my exams, which greatly
surprised my teachers. g Let me know when you expect to
arrive. h Being generous, I'll buy you
whatever you want.
a who i where b that j that c where k whose d which 1 (nothing) e (nothing) m where f whose n which g which o Whatever h (nothing)
5 Prepositions in relative clauses
a This is the book I was telling you
b She's a friend I can always rely on. c That's the man the police were
looking for. d She recommended a book by
Robert Palmer, who I'd never heard
of. e The carpet which you paid Ј500 for
has been reduced to Ј200. f The Prime Minister, whose views I
agree with, gave a good speech. g He spoke about the environment,
which I care deeply about. h What's that music you're listening
to? i Her mother, who she looked after
for many years, died last week. j My daughter has started smoking,
which I disapprove of.
6 Participles as adjectives
a screaming k boring
b satisfied 1 tiring
c disgusting m unexpected
d confusing n disturbing
e loaded o thrilling
f exposed p relaxing
g conceited q blocked
h frightening r disappointed -
i exhausting s well-behaved
j disappointing t promising
7 Participle clauses Exercise 1
a People living ... b Letters posted ... c The train standing ... d ... passengers trapped ... e ... litter dropped ... f ... house overlooking ...
a finishing f knowing b stolen g explaining c saying h Taking d Feeling i directed e borrowed j studying
8 / didn't know what to do
a ... what time to invite people.
b ... whether to invite Suzie or not.
c ... how to use e-mail.
d ... what drink to buy.
e ... how many people to invite.
9 Micro Mad Max
a 10 b 13 c 7 d 9 e 1 f 2 gl4 h4 ill j3 k5 16 m 12- n 8
10 a three-mile walk
a a ten-pound g a ten-page letter
note h a three-year b a four-week course
language course i a ten-year c a three-hour sentence
drive j a five-star hotel d a three-course k a 30-mile-an-
meal hour speed e a two-week limit
holiday 1 a two-hundred-f a two-hour year-old house
11 People, places, and things
People: obstinate cunning spoilt
aggressive arrogant easy-going Places: breathtaking unspoilt
picturesque deserted overgrown
overcrowded Things: automatic hand-made
accurate waterproof artificial
12 Similar words
a illegible g truthful b unreadable h true c childish i intolerant d childlike j intolerable e sensitive k economic f sensible 1 economical
13 Adjective + preposition
a of b with, for c for d of e of f with/in g from, to h about i to j of k of 1 for m for n about o with
14 Silent consonants
Exercise 1 A
industry computer continent recipe eccentric insect lamp hooligan stadium forest citizen B
bomb listen gadget honest receipt mortgage fasten heirloom whistle straight fascinating sandwich exhausted
a scientific g climb b psychologist h grandfather c handsome i campaign d research j Wednesday e Christmas k calm f friendship 1 whisky
1 Basic verb patterns
a I enjoy cooking. I find it very
creative. b I look forward to seeing you again
soon. c You need to book if you want to eat
at Guide's. d I finished painting the bathroom
last night. e My dad promised to buy me a
stereo if I passed my exams. f I hope to see you again soon. g Anna chose to wear her black suede
skirt for the party. h What do you feel like doing
tonight? i I can't afford to buy anything. I'm
broke. j I can't stand waiting in queues. It
really annoys me. k Beth helped me do the washing-up.
1 What would you like to do tonight?
2 Using a dictionary Exercise 1
a ... they stopped to ask for ...
c I stopped playing ...
d The rain was so heavy ... to stop
the kitchen from flooding. e ... stopped me to ask why ... f ... the sun stopped shining.
h ... stop his son from going to ...
Exercise 2 a •
b I avoid travelling ...
c Have you considered working ...
d We expected him to arrive ...
f I've arranged to collect...
h I can't help loving ... i I offered to give ...
J • k •
1 I suggest we go to a restaurant... m I want you to come home early.
3 More complex verb patterns
Exercise 1 (Sample answers)
My brother wants me to fix his bike.
Our hosts would hate us to be late.
My aunt would love me to visit her
The doctor warned his patient not to
work so hard.
My parents expect me to do well in my
The guide advised the tourists to stay
The policeman told the driver to slow
We invited all our friends to come to a
The teacher made her class do the
My grandparents let us do what we
I'd like my son to take over my
a I didn't expect to see Ben ... b We've been invited to dinner ... c I need to have a hair-cut. d I'm looking forward to seeing you
in June. e I can't decide what to have for
f The teacher let us go home early. g But she made us do ... h Do you mind waiting for a minute? i I'd rather have tea. j I suggest we wait before we ... k She offered to lend me some money. 1 He asked me not to make a noise. m I apologized to my neighbours for
4 -ing or infinitive?
a to think getting
b to lock falling
c making to make
d to buy meeting
e to do asking
f to play to rain
g to speak painting
h cooking to cook to pay
5 Adjectives, nouns, and prepositions
a impossible e delighted
b nice f kind
c safe g sorry
d mean h interesting
a time to go e need to shout b way to skin f things to do c idea to visit g money to pay d anyone to talk h nothing to wear
a for arriving g at remembering b by doing h of buying c about going i for coming d without asking j like going e with having k of being stung f for making
6 Forms of the infinitive
a have forgotten g to disturb b to be selected h be working c to pay i to have seen d to have met j to be e to be recognized
dry-cleaned k have told f to be having 1 to be handed
7 /don't want to
a7 b9 c6 d2 el flO g 4 h 3 i 5 j 8
8 The house that Jack built
a to work i repaying b to pay j to give c leaving k to celebrate d to do 1 doing e to lend m to build f listening n living g working o being h to make
9 Verbs of perception
a singing f waiting b slam g being built c cooking h laughing d playing i eat
sunbathing j shoplifting e pick rip take put
10 Compound nouns
a blood test blood pressure
b campsite building site bomb-site c waterfall water-melon
water-skiing d greenhouse greengrocer
e nightclub nightmare night shift f briefcase suitcase bookcase g paper bag plastic bag
h rainbow raincoat raindrop i sunshine sunrise sunset j roadworks road sign road rage k blackboard floorboard
1 daylight daybreak day-dream m handshake handwriting
n ice-cube iceberg ice-rink o birthday cake birthday present
p landscape landlady landslide q sports car sports centre
sports ground r address book visitors' book
11 Phrasal verbs type 4
a away from g up for b down on h away with c on with i up with d up to j out with e down on k up against f away with 1 in with
12 Weak and strong forms Exercise 1
a She isn't going to learn from this
experience, but he is. b I've heard that you're thinking of
moving from London. Are you? c They have dinner at seven, don't
they? d You'll be able to get a ticket for me,
won't you? e Rye got no idea who this letters
from. f Can't you remember who Bill used
to work for? g I've been^ waiting for you to come.
Where were you? h We'd been looking forward to
coming for ages, then at the last
minute we weren't able to. i Won't you sit down for a couple of
A What are you doing at the
weekend? A We're going to Scotland. Do you
want to come too? A We've decided to camp. None of us
can afford to pay for a hotel. A No we won't. We've got strong
tents, lots of warm clothes, and
thick sleeping bags. A Of course we have, and it's pretty
warm for October. A Excellent. I'll tell the others. They'll
be delighted. We'll pick you up at
six on Friday. See you then.
1 How certain?
a •• b • c •• d •• e • f •• g • h •• i • j •• k •• 1 ••
2 Present probability
a She must be missing her boyfriend.
b It'll be Tom.
c She can't still be sleeping.
d They should be in the top drawer.
e They could be having a party.
f He must have a deadline to meet.
g It might be difficult driving to
work. h She may be hiding in the wardrobe.
3 Past probability Exercise 1
a She must have got engaged to Andy. b He can't have cut it for ages. c They must have been doing
something naughty. d She must have been making a cake. e They can't/must/might have gone
f He can't have had a party last night. g They should have arrived home by
now. h She might have mislaid my number.
a It must have been blown down by
the wind. b They must have been washed with
c It can't have been mended properly. d It can't have been given enough to
eat. e They can't have been watered for a
long time. f It must have been shattered by a
Exercise 3 (Sample answers) If I go to India I can see the Taj Mahal.
If I go to India I will see.... If I go to India I might see ... If I go to India I may see ... If I went to India I would see ... If I went to India I might see ... If I went to India I could see ... If I'd gone ... I might have seen ... If I'd gone ... I would have seen ... If I'd gone ... I could have seen ...
4 Deductions about the present and past
a must be making b could have used might have
climbed up c would have been d may have been joking can't have
spent must have misheard e should be touching down
must be will already have landed. f could be snowing can snow
5 Meaning check
a ability g sure
b permission h possibility
c permission i gave ...
d advice not necessary
e asking j ought
6 Which modals fit? Exercise 1
a should/ought to
c must/have to/should
ought to f can g have to h could/may/might/should/
ought to/must i can/could/may/should/ought to/
must/have to j must/have to
a shouldn't f was able to b don't have to g should have c couldn't gone d won't h mustn't e cannot
7 Obligation and permission
1 will not marry 5 may not visit
2 can only keep 6 cannot ride
3 should 7 shall sweep command 8 will dress
4 must be at must be
home 9 may not travel
a had to couldn't
b had to weren't allowed to/couldn't
c didn't have to was also allowed
couldn't/weren't allowed to d weren't allowed to/couldn't e were forbidden to/weren't allowed
to/couldn't f had to weren't allowed to/couldn't
8 Present to past
a I had to take ... b They must have been away ... c We couldn't see the top ... d He can't/couldn't have been ... e We weren't allowed to/were
forbidden to/couldn't... f He wouldn't go to bed. g That would have been John ... h You should have been more careful. i You didn't have to do this exercise.
9 Positive to negative
a You mustn't stop here. b We didn't have to learn ... c They didn't have to take ... d He can't be speaking Swedish. e We didn't have to wear ... f You won't have to help me ...
10 need and needn't have Exercise 1
aV bM cV dV eV fM g M h V i V j M
a mustn't f didn't need to b needn't/ take/didn't have
don't have to to take c have to/need to g got to d don't need to/ h needn't have
don't have to bought e needn't have
11 Words that go together
a C bA cD dB eD fC gB hA iC jA kB ID m C n D
12 A word puzzle
Mystery word: CELEBRITIES
13 Verb + preposition
a for b about/for/at c of d from e in f to g in h in i to/with j to, about
14 Consonant clusters and
connected speech Exercise 1
a doesn't i thrilled b shouldn't j marvellous c mustn't k excitement d muscles 1 sixth e crashed m impressed f distinctly n length g special o comfortable h grumbled
a The car windscreen's smashed. b My uncle's sprained his ankle. c This cream doesn't taste fresh. d You don't have to scream. e These white jeans must have
shrunk. f She arrived dressed in the latest
g He doesn't know his own strength. h He can't have fixed it properly.
1 Negative auxiliaries
a don't e isn't h doesn't b didn't f won't/ i hadn't c haven't isn't j hasn't d aren't g 'm not
2 no, not, -n't, or none?
a not b n't c not d not e no f Not g none h no i n't j not k Not 1 none m No n no o None p Not
3 Making sentences mean the opposite (Sample answers) a None of the students passed the
exam, so their teacher was
furious/disappointed. b Tom was an unsuccessful
businessman who achieved very
little in his life. c Our house is easy to find. No one
ever gets lost. d We had a terrible time in Venice. - .
There were too many people there. e You mustn't exercise your ankle. Try
not to move it at all. f I don't have to iron my shirt. I'm
not going out tonight. g You don't need to/needn't come
with me. I'll go on my own. h I wasn't in a hurry because I didn't
need to go to the shops. i You ought not to have given the dog
anything to eat. j I told you not to go to work. Why
aren't you in bed?
4 / don't think you're right
a. I don't suppose you've got... b The machine doesn't seem to be
c I didn't think it was going to rain. d They don't want their daughter to
marry a footballer. e I didn't expect to see you ... f I don't suppose you've seen ... g I don't think I'd like snails. h I don't expect you remember me.
i She doesn't seem to like her job. j I don't believe she got grade A ...
5 Buzz Aldrin
a When did man first walk on the
b Who went first? c How long has Buzz Aldrin been
travelling the world? d Where was he born? e Which military academy did he
f Where did he serve as a pilot? g When was he chosen as an
astronaut? h When was Apollo 11 launched to
i How long did the mission last? j What happened to Buzz when he
k What did he suffer from? 1 How many children did he have
from his first marriage? m How many times has he been
n Who saved him from self-destruction? o Who do they live with? p How many cars do they have? q What sort of books has he written? r When was Encounter with Tiber
published? s What does he do with himself these
a Who made that mess ...?
What were you doing?
When are you going to tidy it up? b What was it like?
Who did you talk to?
What went wrong?
What about? c What for/Why?
Who was he attacked by/Who by?
What was he doing/Where was he
How is he?
Which hospital was he taken to?
How long is he going to be in
7 Questions and prepositions
a by b to c at d on e for f in g about h of i from j with
a Whatabout? e Who for? b Where to? f Who to? c Whatabout? g What with? d How long for?
8 How... 7 and What... like?
a What's he like?
b How was school today?
c What was the food like?
d How was your journey?
e What's the weather like?
f How is/was she?
g What's it like?
h How's your job these days?
9 Negative questions
a2 bl c3 d4 e5 f6 g 8 h 7 .i 9 j 10 k 12 1 11
10 Antonyms and synonyms A B
unkind cruel dishonest deceitful incredible unbelievable disappear vanish unfair biased displeased annoyed discontinue halt unfasten undo abnormal exceptional unemployed redundant unfriendly hostile distrust suspect unprofessional amateur unknown anonymous discover/uncover reveal unsafe hazardous abuse/misuse damage improbable unlikely unimportant trivial unemotional reserved
11 Hot Verbs keep and /ose Exercise 1
keep calm a promise going
in touch with sb sb company
your nerve a secret sb waiting
your temper fit lose weight your way your nerve
a keep in touch e lost my nerve b lost my temper f keep fit c keep going g Keep calm d keep a secret h lost my way
12 Phrasal verbs and nouns
that go together Exercise 1
come up with a new idea, a plan beat up an old man, a victim of a
crime break into a house, a flat, to steal
something break off a relationship, an
bring out a new product on the market bring up children to be honest and
hard-working clear out a cupboard and throw out
what you don't want count on your best friend to help you deal with a problem, a complaint, a
difficult customer drop out of a university course after
one year fit in with the other people in the
look up to someone you respect point out a fact that someone might
not be aware of take back what I said -1 didn't mean
it tell off a naughty child
a clear out h come up with b are bringing out i told Tom off c broke into j deal with d beat him up k fit in with
e looked up to 1 drop out of f I take it all back. m count on g I'll point him out n brought me up
13 Intonation in question tags Exercise 1
a aren't you? V g aren't I? V b wasn't it? V h have you? A c could you? A i isn't it? V d isn't he? V j weren't we? V e isn't it? V k would you? A f has he? A 1 had we? V
a You like that car, don't you? V b Vanessa, you're going to Rome next
week, aren't you? A c That was awful, wasn't it? V d You haven't borrowed my new coat
again, have you? A e You couldn't water my plants while
I'm away, could you? A