Adolf Hitler Essay, Research Paper
Adolf Hitler was born on April 20, 1889 in the small town of Branau, Austria. He
was the son a Customs official Alois Hitler, and his father s third wife Klara. As a boy,
Adolf attended church regularly. One day he carved a symbol into the bench which
resembled the Swastika he later used as the symbol of the Nazi party. He was a
good student. He received good marks in most of his classes. However in his last
year of school he failed German and Mathematics, and only succeeded in Gym and
Drawing. He dropped out of school at the age of 16, spending a total of 10 years in
school. From childhood, it was his dream to become an artist or architect. He was
not a bad artist. To fulfill his dream, he moved to Vienna, the capital of Austria
where the Academy of the Arts was located. He failed the first time he tried to get
admission and in the next year, 1907, he tried again and was very sure of success.
To his surprise, he failed again. In fact the Dean of the Academy was not very
impressed with his performance, and gave him a hard time and said to him, “You will
never be painter.” The rejection made him reach a dead end. He could not apply to
the school of architecture, as he had no high-school diploma.
While living in Vienna, Hitler made his living by drawing small pictures of famous
landmarks, which he sold as post cards. However, he was always poor. He was also a
regular reader of a small newspaper that suggested that the Arian race was the
superior race. The paper blamed Communists and Jews for all their economic
problems and Hitler agreed with those views. He continued to live a poor life in
Vienna and in 1913 decided to move to Munich. Being Austrian by birth, Hitler
showed more loyalty to the Germany. His life in Munich was not better then before
and he continued to be poor. Then in 1914, World War I broke out and Hitler saw
this as a great opportunity to show his loyalty to the “fatherland” by volunteering for
the German Imperial army. He did not want to fight in the Austrian Army. In 1918,
Germany surrendered and Hitler was very upset about the loss. He believed that it
was the Jews and the Communists who lost the war for Germany. This was when he
started his intense disliking of Jews. With no real Government to control the country,
many groups tried to take control. Since he could not get a job, Hitler stayed in the
army. Hitler was assigned the job of going to various meetings of groups and to
report on them. On September 12, 1919, Hitler was sent to investigate a small group
that called itself the, “German Workers Party.” He thought it would not even be
worth it to go. At the group they mainly talked about the countries problems and
how the Jews, Communists and others where threatening the master race and
offered their own solutions. He later joined the German Workers Party and was in
charge of propaganda. The party was small at first but Hitler’s great skill with
speeches attracted more and more listeners. It soon became a major party. He
became the group s leader. Then the German government threw Hitler in jail for
trying to overthrow the government.
While spending time in prison, he wrote his famous book, “Mein Kampf,” in which he
states that the Jews and Communists were responsible for economic and social
problems. Of course, people did not start to support him right away after he wrote
the book. He was now the leader of the party which was no longer the Gemans workers
Party. It was the Nazis.
After he came into power, the Nazi party took control over every aspect of everyday
life. Hitler ordered the creation of a special police force to make sure that all
opponents would be eliminated, the Gestapo. They used propaganda against the
Jews and other minority groups, which were enemies. Teachers had to belong to the
Nazi party. Children were taught that Jews were the source of all their problems.
Since the country was in economic chaos after the war because Germany was forced
to pay billions in damages. The Germans saw hope in Hitler. In the late 1920 s, the
depression hit which made the situation even worse.
Hitler in his speeches blamed the Jews and Communists for their misfortunes and
many listened. Unemployment was very high at that time, standing at about 25%.
Hitler also spoke out against the unfairness of the Versailles Treaty. Germany lost a
lot of its territory. He believed the pure Arian race was destined to rule the world. He
preached that all Germans must unite in order for this goal to succeed.
Hitler publicly stated his views on the Jews, the Jews of Germany did not see Hitler
as a great threat at first. However, when Hitler became chancellor and eventually
took over totally they changed their mind. The first thing he did was to take the Jews
their right to vote. Soon they were not allowed to hold positions such as teachers,
doctors or lawyers.
How did Hitler get the Germans to like him? Many looked for answers and hope.
Hitler was an answer to them. He promised to rebuild the Glorious Germany
of the past. First, he started to build up the Wehrmacht. Germany was not
allowed to have more than 100,000 men in its army, but Hitler broke the
treaty and gave orders to increase that number. Factories started putting out
weapons and people now had jobs. To the Germans this was a very good
sign. Little did they know that they would be at war soon.
At first, the Allies did nothing about the fact that Hitler broke the Treaty. He
gave speeches in which he indicated that the German people needed living
space. He marched into the Reihnland, an area Germany lost in WWI. Next,
he moved into Austria, his home country and gained power without a shot
being fired. Following Austria, he wanted control of the Sudetenland, a part of
Czechoslovakia, which was mainly German speaking. The allies did not want
another war so they let Hitler do what he wanted to, but when he attacked
Poland on September 1, 1939 the allies no longer stood by and watched.
Britain and France declared war on Germany a few days after later, World
War II began.
After Germany s army conquered and occupied a territory. the Gestapo
quickly followed. They would round up Jews, Communists, Gypsies,
Homosexuals and other enemies of the German people. They would then be
put on trains. They were sent to concentration camps. Camps such as
Auschwitz, Treblinka, Bergen Belsen were all equipped with gas chambers to
make the killing process quick. In those camps 6 million Jews and many
others were killed by the Nazis. Hitler’s army seemed unstoppable but in the
end, the allies managed to win many decisive battles. Eventually on, April
30th, 1945 Hitler committed suicide in his bunker by shooting himself in the
mouth, with his new wife Eva Braun. Their bodies were burned, but no one
knows what happened to the “Fuhrer’s” and his wife of one day’s ashes. On
May 7, 1945, Germany surrendered unconditionally.
Hitler was one of the most, if not the most cruel man to ever walk the face of
the earth. His belief of the “Arian” race being the superior race made him hate
all others. He thought of blacks as being “Sub-human.” Most of all he hated
the Jews. So much that in early 1945, when equipment and manpower was
badly needed on the front Hitler insisted on man and equipment staying and
continuing to transport Jews to the camps. In his testament (will), he left his
money to his family. He also left a message to the Germany people, “Above
all I charge the leaders of the nation and those under them to scrupulous
observance of the laws of race and to merciless opposition to the universal
prisoner of all peoples, international Jewry.”
The only people which would be spared where the Scandinavians to the north,
since they were closely related to the German race. With Hitler’s death, the
Nazi party quickly fell.
1. Hitler, Adolf.com//data.html
2. Famous World Leaders.org
4. Mein Kampf.background//.com
5. Time Encyclopedia