Platinum Essay Research Paper subject Chemistrytitle

Platinum Essay, Research Paper

subject = Chemistry

title = Platinum

papers = Please put your paper here.

Platinum is a relatively rare, chemically inert, metallic element. It symbol

is Pt, atomic number is 78, and its atomic weight is 195.09. Platinum is one

of the heaviest substances known. One cubic foot of Platinum weighs 21 times

as much as a cubic foot of water. A grayish-white metal, Platinum has a melting

point of 1772 degrees C and a realatively high boiling point of 3827 degrees

C. It has a high fusing point, is ductile and malleable, expands slightly

upon heating, and has high electrical resistance. Platinum is seldom used

in its pure stage because it is too soft. The third most ductile metal, it

can be drawn into a thread one twenty thousandth part of an inch in thickness.

It is extremely resistant to attack by air, water, single acids and ordinary

reagents, but does dissolve in hot aqua regia, a mixture of nitric and hydrochloric

acids. Platinum has the unusual property of being able to absorb large amounts

of hydrogen at ordinary temperatures and resist it at high temperatures.

The first mention of Platinum occurs in the writings of an Italian physician

and poet named Julius Caesar Salinger in 1557. A hieroglypic character made

froma grain of Platinum dated back to the 7th century. Credit for discovery

of Platinum has been given to Don Antonio de Ulloa, a young lieutenant in the

Spanish Navy. The metal was referred to as the “platina de Pinto”, meaning

the siver like metal from the Pinto River. The first thorough study of Platinum

was conductd in1750 by the English physician William Brownrigg. Brownrigg

noted that Platinum was heavier and even more chemically inert than Gold was.

Platinum forms useful alloys with many other metals, including Iridium,

Palladium, Rhodium, Ruthenium, Osmium, Gold, Nickel, Cobalt, and Tungsten.

At high temperatures Platinum also reacts with Chlorine, Fluorine, Phosphorus,

Arsenic and Sulfur. Among the transition metals, Platinum has the greatest

tendencies to bond directly with Carbon.

Platinum is used extensively

in modern industrial society because of its chemical inertness, high melting

point, and extraordinary catalytic properties. platinum is valuable for laboratory

apparatus, such as tongs, combustion boats, crucibles and evaoporating dishes.

It is also used for thermometers in furnaces, for electrodes in making quantitative

chemical analyses, and for corrosion and heat-resistant instruments. Platinum

is used extensively in the jewelry industry for setting diamonds and other

precious stones. Rocket and jet engine parts often contain Platinum alloys

because they must withstand high temperatures for long periods of time. At

petroleum refineries, finely divided Platinum is used as a catalyst in upgrading

the octane of gasoline. In automobiles, converters containing Platinum-Palladium

alloys reduce air pollution from exhaust gases. High quality optical glass

for television picture tubes and eyeglasses is melted in pots lined with nonreactive

Platinum alloys. A form of Platinu

m,cisplatin, stops cancer cell division

and disrupts its growth pattern.


Все материалы в разделе "Иностранный язык"

ДОБАВИТЬ КОММЕНТАРИЙ  [можно без регистрации]
перед публикацией все комментарии рассматриваются модератором сайта - спам опубликован не будет

Ваше имя:


Хотите опубликовать свою статью или создать цикл из статей и лекций?
Это очень просто – нужна только регистрация на сайте.

Copyright © 2015-2018. All rigths reserved.