Cold War Essay, Research Paper
The cold war was something that grew out from the breakdown of the
western-soviet coalition against Hitler’s Germany and the countries allies during World
War 2. The cold war was a nonmilitary conflict between the group of nations led by the
USSR and the other side led by the United States. The Soviet Union calling for political
self-determination proceeded to impose communist regimes on the nations of Eastern
Europe. The major parts of the situation lasted from the end of World War 2 in 1945
until the late 1950s or the early ’60s. Over time there were a lot of different turning points
of the cold war that finally total ceased almost all major tensions in1989.
The cold war situation slowly went out over time rather than totally ending at one
particular date. When Stalin’s finally died in 1953, the country of the Soviet Union
showed some willingness to compromise their ideological goals. But, United States was
mistrustful of the Soviet intentions and preserved it’s attitudes somewhat. This mistrust
put the stem of the worldwide threat of communism in the spotlight.
The major turning points were caused by some major things that happened over
the Cold War time line. One thing was the North Atlantic Treaty Organization
(N.A.T.O.) were it united many counties to have the power to dissuade the Soviet Union
from attempting direct assault on Western Europe. The first countries that joined
N.A.T.O. on April 4, 1949 were Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Great Britain,
Iceland, Italy Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Norway. and United States. After
that turning point a whole new situation arose in the cold war. The communists were
winning a civil war in Greece and at the same time applied pressure on Turkey in 1974.
By the Soviets doing this it caused the U.S. to get involved and start up a policy of
containment. This policy turned into the Truman Doctrine and it affirmed American
intent to oppose communism by any force if necessary. From this an organized policy
was setup called the Marshall Plan and aimed at internal recovery of Western Europe as
the major protection against the expansion. These actions increased tensions but later
brought ideas that were opposed to the entire cold war, and also it weakened Soviet
control and gave us the power to put this thing to a end.
Over this time frame everything started to come to a end, so then the relationship
between the superpowers started to come together. One reason was the rising costs of the
arms race and another was domestic pressures that brought the U.S. and the Soviets
leaders to the negotiating table. . The two power blocs decided to set arms controls on
limitations on weapons and later caused some weapons to be disarmed. These talks led
in December 1997, to the signing of a treaty to eliminate intermediate-range nuclear
forces. In time a major symbol of the cold war, which was the Berlin wall, fell down in
1989 and marked a true ending to the cold war.
Stalin setup a bad situation for Europe and the entire planet, and with his thoughts
he got his people and the world into a cold war that went on far pasted his years.
Without the ideas, plans, peace talks, and treaties that happened the cold war could have
turn into the end of world instead of it disappearing in time.