Hamlet ? Prince Of Denmark Essay, Research Paper
Characters:Ghost ? ghost of hamlet, the former king of Denmark.Claudius ? King of Denmark, the former King?s Brother.Gertrude ? Queen of Denmark, the widow of the former King and now the wife of Claudius.Hamlet ? Prince of Denmark, son of the late King and of Gertrude.Polonius ? councillor to the king.Laertes ? his son.Ophelia ? his daughter.Reynaldo ? his servant.Horatio ? Hamlet?s friend and fellow student Voltimand Cornelius Rosencrantz Guildenstern Members of the Danish CourtOsricA GentlemanA LordBernardoFrancisco Officers and soldiers on watchMarcellusFortinbras ? prince of NorwayCaptain ? in his armyPlayersMessengersFirst sailorClownsPriestFirst Ambassador ? From England
Plot:Act 1 Scene 1The scene is the Castle at Elsinore. Bernardo relieves Francisco, at about midnight. Marcellus who joins Bernardo in the watch along with Horatio who was told of the appearance the previous night. Horatio believes it to be a illusion until it appears. You learn that the ghost has appeared twice in the same armor that the king wore to fight Fortinbras, king of Norway, and the Poles who he defeated. The ghost appears again and again Horatio challenges it to speak. At the crow of the cock it moves and disappears. The three agree that they should tell Hamlet of this appearance. Act 1 Scene 2The scene is in a stateroom at Elsinore. The Lord Chamberlain Polonius, his son Laertes and other members of the court accompany the king and Queen, Claudius and Gertrude. They speak of the mourning of the death of his brother, King Hamlet. He also says that desecration prohibit excessive grief. Next he speaks of Fortinbras who demands the surrender of the lands lost by his father to King Hamlet. Claudius has sent Cornelius and Voltimand with a letter to the bedridden king of Norway to restrain his nephew. The suit of Laertes asks if he should leave for France after attending Denmark for the coronation ceremonies. And his father and the king give him permission.The king and queens attention is now towards young hamlet. They are wondering why he is still grieving of his father?s death. They then realize that it is sweet and commendable for hamlet to show love for is father by immediate grief. The queen asks hamlet to stay at Elsinore and hamlet says that he will obey her and the king commends him.Hamlet is left alone in the room and expresses his innermost thoughts, and admits that he would commit suicide if it were not against god?s law.Horatio, Marcellus and Bernardo then join hamlet. Hamlet greet them, but when Horatio explains that he has come for the funeral of his father, Hamlet responds that he has only come for the wedding. Hamlet in talking mentions that he has seen his father and Horatio expresses interest because of there own sighting. Alone once more the prince expresses his convection that the ghost appareled like his father, is an omen the “All is not well.” Act 1 Scene 3At Polpnius? house Laertes is saying farewell to his sister, Ophelia. He warns her not to take Hamlet seriously and to protect her virtue. Polonius enters and offers advice to Laertes on how to conduct himself. After Laertes leaves Polonius turns to Ophelia and says that the prince has been attentive to her. He scoffs that the intentions are serious and honorable. Ophelia is to avoid the prince and the daughter replies that she will. Act 1 Scene 4This scene takes place on the platform near midnight. Horatio and Marcellus are on the platform and as arranged Hamlet has joined them. In the background there is music and dancing and drinking, Hamlet explains that this behavior has earned the Danes a reputation for drunkenness. Then the ghost appears. Hamlet addresses it “Hamlet, King, father.” The ghost beckons to the prince. Both Horatio and Marcellus forcibly hold Hamlet back but he can not be restrained. Both are convinced that Hamlet is in a state of desperation, the two follow the ghost and Hamlet, the Prince. Act 1 Scene 5The ghost tells Hamlet that he is doomed for a time to walk on earth during the night and to endure purgatorial flames during the day for the sins he has committed during life.The ghost then tells Hamlet that it was actually Claudius who killed King Hamlet, by pouring poison into the ear while sleeping. Hamlet is then called upon to kill his uncle to prevent him from ruling Denmark. However the ghost does not want the queen to suffer, she is to suffer enough with her conscience and in heaven.He then calls upon Marcellus and Horatio to take a oath of secrecy about what they just witnessed. While they are at the platform Hamlet is moving about the platform and hears a voice saying “swear.” They finally take the oath and Hamlet thanks his friends and then expresses his heartfelt desolation.
Act 2 Scene 1In this scene Polonius instructs Reynaldo to joinery to Paris where Laertes is and to give him money, and also messages. He is also sent there to find out how he is acting. He is to find out from the other Danish from Paris. Ophelia then enters the room. She tells Polonius that she has talked to Hamlet. He was is disarray in clothing and physical appearance. Polonius then says that he is like this because Ophelia has refuse to accept his attention as part of his love madness. Polonius then decides that he must tell the king of his prince?s behavior. Act 2 Scene 2This scene takes place in the castle. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are asked to talk to hamlet and report back to the king and queen the behavior of the Hamlet. They seem to agree because of the authority the king and queen has.Polonius then enters and announces the arrival of Cornelius and Voltimand from Norway. They report that the king has calmed his nephew but would like to travel through Denmark?s land to make war with the Poles.Polonius then tells the king and the queen of the behavior of Hamlet. He gives the reason for the behavior as being a infatuation with his daughter. When Hamlet enters everybody leaves so that Polonius can talk to Hamlet and question him. Through his answers Hamlet is able to convince Polonius that he is infatuated and is acting the way he is because he is a victim of unrequited love.Polonius then leaves and Rosencrantz and Guildenstern enter. Hamlet greets them as friends. But then finds out that they have been to find out about Hamlets behavior. Hamlet then tells them what to say to the King and Queen.During a play that has been brought to the castle Hamlet watches Claudius to see if he reacts to a certain part of the play. Claudius? reaction has Hamlet thinking that he is actually be lead by the devil to commit these deeds and to lead him to damnation.
Act 3 Scene 1In the beginning of the scene Rosencrantz and Guildenstern report to the King and Queen of the condition of Hamlet. They tell them the he does feel distracted, but that keeps himself up with a crafty madness. Polonius adds that Hamlet will like to have them see the players performance. The queen leaves and the king and Polonius and the King plan to have Ophelia and Hamlet meet and the king and Polonius are to listen in on the conversation.When Ophelia and Hamlet meet, Ophelia is reading the book of Devotions and assumes that she is really reading. The prince asks her to pray for him. After some talking Ophelia says that she has received gifts from him but Hamlet pronounce that he never sent gifts and that he never loved her and questions her honesty. They end the conversation with Hamlet telling Ophelia to enter a nunnery.After Hamlet leaves the King and Polonius join Ophelia. Claudius is somewhat convinced that the affliction is not because of love. The king thinks that the situation will not harm him the king is thinking of sending Hamlet to England. Polonius still fells that it is love that is problemming Hamlet however he endorses the Kings decision. Polonius then suggests that one more attempt to attain the secret Hamlet is hiding. The queen is to talk to him alone. Act 3 Scene 2In this scene the king is shown the play of the players. The play has been modified by Hamlet. During a certain scene having poison poured in his ear while asleep kills the king in the story. During the play Hamlet and Horatio watch the king very carefully, especially during the scene that has been modified. The king reacts in such a way that the play is stopped.Hamlet is then informed that the queen wishes to speak with him.Act 3 Scene 3Claudius instructs Rosencrantz and Guildenstren to go with Hamlet to England as soon as possible. Claudius is guilt stricken and identifies himself with Cain. He reveals many of his thoughts at this time to Polonius.Hamlet enters with a drawn sword but retrains from killing Claudius. Hamlet is determined that Claudius dies in a state of sin. Act 3 Scene 4Polonius has already gone to the to the Queens chamber and has hidden. A fight breaks out between Hamlet and his mother. Polonius is noticed and Hamlet Kills him with out knowing who it actually is . The ghost then appears, but only to hamlet.Hamlet then speaks gently to his mother, and then expresses regret for the death. He wishes his mother a goodnight and says that he has to be cruel to be kind. And he removes to body of Polonius and again bids the queen a good night.
Act IV Scene 1 During this scene Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are dsmissed and the Queen express concern for Hamlet sying that he is mad. The king charges himself with being derelict for not restraining Hamlet earlier he wonders how he will be able to explain Polonius? death to the subjects. The king states that he must be sent away to England, and he calls Guildenstern.Act IV Scene 2 Hamlet, adopting the same ironic and riddling style discourse which he used before, refuses to tell Rosencrantz and Guildenstern where the body of polonius is. But he agrees to go with them to see the King.Act IV Scene 3 Addressing a small group of Cortiers, Claudius states that he has sent for Hamlet, Who must be confined, despite his dangerous lunacy. The king calls to Guildenstern to bring in the prince. While being questioned, Hamlet answers the king very cynically and using evasion. Hamlet finally tellls where they can find the body. After Hamlet has left the king order that guildenstern and Rosencrantz make sure that he is on a boat to England by tonight. Hamlet is to be put to death as soon as he arrives in England.Act IV Scene 4 Fortinbras leads his army across a plain in Denmark. He leaves a captain to greet Claudius and get approval for the march through Danich territory. Hamlet learns that that the fight is for a worthless piece of land .Act IV Scene 5 A court of gentleman informs Gertrude that Ophelia seems to be out of her mind and in her pitiable state has become troublesome. Horatio points out that her wild discourse may arouse suspicion. Claudius then joins in on a conversation with ophelia and the Queen. Claudius addresses her graciously but recieves no rational reply. He is convienced that her fathers death has driven her mad. At night Laertes has brought a mob to the castle. They are about to break in. Claudis talks to Laertes and makes him believe that he will join him in punishing the murder.Act IV Scene 6 Horatio recieves a letter and learns that the ship that hamlet was on was attacked by pirates. Hamlet was made captive and the ship is bringing Hamlet back to Denmark.Act IV Scene 7 The King has told Laertes that Hamlet Killed Polonius and sought to kill the king. When Laertes asks the king why he did not punish the prince while he had a chance the king responds with two answers one being his mother and two being the support of the people would be lost. Then the messenger comes in and gives the king and the queen the letters. This is when they find out that Hamlet is back in Denmark and the King immediately figures a way to kill Hamlet. The King is going to arrange a fencing match in which Hamlet will be killed during. Gertrude then enters and informs Laerts that his sister has drowned while hanging garlands on a willow tree.Act V Scene 1 The scene starts of with two gravediggers conversing about what type of funeral Ophelia should be given. Hamlet and Horatio and Hamlet questions the first gravedigger. The funeral prossession enters. Laertes complains that the priest was limited on the rites accordded his died sister. When Ophelias body is lowered, the Queen strews the coffin with flowers and speaks touchingly of her defeated hope the Ophelia and Hamlet to marry. Laertes then leaps into the grave ontop of the coffin. Hamlet then comes out from the shadows and also jumps into the grave and laertes attcks Hamlet. Hamlet declars that he loved Ophelia more the her brother ever did.Act V Scene 2 Hamlet now has time to talk to Horatio all that he experienced on the travel to England. He explains that he found the instructions to have Hamlet killed when he arrived in England. Hamlet then changes the instructions so that Rosencrantz and guildenstern are to be killed. Horatio then points out that the king will soon find out that they were killed. Later Hamlet is challenged to a duel that is to take place in front of the Queen, King and the entire court. Horatio warns Hamlet that he will lose the wager. The adience then enters to watch the duel. They are given the swords and begin the match. Hamlet gets the first hit and Claudius calls for the cup of wine for the prince to drink, but Hamlet refuses to drink until the match is over. Gerttrude then picks up the cup as the match continues and drinks from Hamlet?s cup. Hamlet is eventually injured and in the scuffle the rapiers are exchanged by mistake. Laertes is then hit and is bleeding while the Queen colapses. Hamlet then calls for the doors to be looked that the treachery be exposed to the assembled members of the court. Laertes then speaks up andstates that not only he but also Hamlet is near death. He then declares that the Queen has been poisoned and that the author of all this destruction os Claudius. Hamlet then tells Horatio to report everything that has happened. Fortibras then enter with the English ambassadors and all are shocked. Horatio then speaks of what has happened. Hamlet has declared Fortibras the king of Denmark. Fortibras then orders four captains to see that Hamlet is accorded full honors, including “soldiers” music and rites of war.