Euthanasia Essay, Research Paper
Euthanasia, which means “good” or “peaceful” death, has been practiced through the
ages. Doctors have always been dedicated to the task of easing pain and suffering, to make
dying easier. Adding the adjective “active” alters the meaning of euthanasia. The emphasis shifts
from comforting the dying to inducing death. The practice of voluntary euthanasia and assisted
suicide would cause society to devalue all life, especially the lives of the dying, the disabled, and
We should not understate the agonies involved in chronic pain and suffering. Nobody
wants to see a loved one suffer or make the decisions that accompany medical science’s ability
to prolong life. The same technology that keeps people alive today raise a host of questions
concerning the nature and destiny of man himself. Comforting the dying is still preferable to
assisting in their death.
There are many reasons why, but the main one has to do with how much we value
human life. God views all human life as sacred. He created us in his own image (Genesis
1:26,27), and it is he who has determined our days on earth (Job 14:5). God confirms his great
love for his people, a love that does not cease when we are old or ill. His command that we not
kill one another does not change when we are brain damaged or comatose. Our society,
however, teaches certain classes of people that they are not wanted.
If a physician’s aid in dying were to become a standard part of terminal care, there is
always that possibility that patients might feel the need to request death out of fear of becoming a
burden to their families. The right to die could be interpreted by a patient as the duty to die.
Chronically ill or dying patients may be pressured to choose euthanasia to spare their families
financial or emotional strain. Joan Farah states in the New England Journal of Medicine that the
elderly are often cited as being vulnerable. If Euthanasia becomes the law
of the land, how long will it take before the elderly and sick begin to feel an obligation to get out
of the way?
There are many complicated ethical and medical issues involved in the discussion of
euthanasia. The decisions that family members must make are often as painful as the conditions
of their loved ones. Sometimes the families react with wisdom and compassion. However,
under stress human beings can make the wrong decisions. In an attempt to avoid such risk we
dare not enact legislature that will allow murder simply to make decisions easier.
Opponents contend that legalized euthanasia would force medical professionals and
patients’ families to judge the worth of others’ lives. Once a vulnerable group is denied a basic
right to life, it is only a matter of time until other groups are placed in the same category. We
have accepted the killing of unborn children, allowed children born with severe handicaps to die,
and have ignored “mercy killing” of consenting adults. Will we tolerate or accept euthanasia just
as we do abortion?
There are no easy answers when a loved one faces death. Scientists must continue to
seek answers and cures. Active euthanasia does not provide answers: it only tries to avoid the
hardest questions. Thomas Beauchamp, a bioethicist of Georgetown University has written,
rules against killing “are not isolated moral principles,” but “pieces of a web of rules” that forms a
moral code. “The more threads one removes the weaker the fabric becomes.” Allowing
ourselves the liberty of choosing the time and place of death will not lessen our sense of loss. It
can only erode the wonder of human life and the worth of each individual.
Wekesser, Carol, ed. Euthanasia: Opposing Viewpoints. San Diego: Greenhaven Press,