Effects Of Deforestation Essay Research Paper Effects

Effects Of Deforestation Essay, Research Paper

Effects of Deforestation

The subject of deforestation and the effects that it has on the

environment have been heavily debated for a long time; particularly over the

last few years. Governments and large lumber companies see large profits in the

mass deforestation of forests and state that their actions are having few, if

any, harmful effects on the environment. Most people disagree with this and

think that the environmental effects are devastating and will become

irreversibly disastrous in the very near future. Whether or not the pros

outweigh the cons will be hotly debated for years to come but the fact is that

deforestation is harmful to the environment and leads to declining wildlife

populations, drastic changes in climate and loss of soil.

The loss of forests means the loss of habitats for many species. Current

statistics show that as many as 100 species become extinct every day with a

large portion being attributed to deforestation (Delfgaauw, 1996). “Edge

effects” are the destruction or degradation of natural habitat that occur on the

fringes of fragmented forests. The effects for the animals include greater

exposure to the elements (wind, rain etc?), other non-forest animals and humans

(Dunbar, 1993). This unnatural extinction of species endangers the world’s food

supply, threatens many human resources and has profound implications for

biological diversity.

Another negative environmental impact of deforestation is that it causes

climate changes all over the world. As we learned in elementary school, plant

life is essential to life on earth as it produces much of the oxygen that is

required for humans and other organisms to breathe. The massive destruction of

trees negatively effects the quantity and quality of the air we breathe which

has direct repercussions on the quantity and quality of life among both humans

and animals alike. With this reduced amount of vital plant life comes the

increase of carbon dioxide levels in the earth’s atmosphere. With these

increased levels of CO-2 come unnatural changes in weather patterns both locally

and globally. “The removal of forests would cause rainfall to decline more than

26%. The average temperature of soil will rise and a decline of 30% in the

amount of moisture will evaporate into the atmosphere” (Delfgaauw, 1996). This

leads to the global warming phenomenon which is also directly related to the

declining amounts of forest areas on the earth.

Soil erosion caused by deforestation is also a major concern among even

the most amateur environmentalists:

“When rain falls, some may sink to the ground, some may run off the

surface of the land, and flowing down towards the rivers and some may evaporate.

Running water is a major cause of soil erosion, and as the forests are cut down,

it increases erosion” (Delfgaauw, 1996).

The removal of wood causes nutrient loss in the soil, especially if the period

between harvests isn’t long enough (Hamilton and Pearce, 1987). Some areas also

become “unbalanced” with the removal of tree roots as this removal can cause

serious mud slides and unstability which can be seen in the in the tropical rain

forests of Australia (Gilmour et al., 1982; as cited in Hamilton and Pearce,

1987) and Malaysia (Peh, 1980; as cited in Hamilton and Pearce, 1987). It should

be mentioned that recent logging techniques have decreased the amount of soil

erosion under most circumstances but it is nearly impossible to stop erosion

from happening.

Whether or not you are a radical environmentalist or just a regular

citizen, the consequences of deforestation affect us all. Living in BC we don’t

have to drive very far to see land that has been clear-cut or to see massive

protests by people of all ages who want to “save the forests” or “save the

environment”. It is evident that reforestation projects are underway and in many

cases are quite successful. Millions of dollars are spent each year

(provincially, nationally and internationally) on reforestation and many experts

agree that this is helping provided that the time between harvest is long enough

for the area to mature properly. The projections we hear through the media make

the situation sound quite bleak but the fact is that private and public

awareness have lead to a decreasing amount of deforestation activity (from what

is projected) in many areas such as the Brazilian Amazon Basin (Dunbar, 1993).

Forests are an important part of maintaining the earth’s biological and

ecological diversity as well as major factors in the economic well being of many

areas. If we can maintain a balance between the two and continue the

reforestation efforts, the negative environmental affects could be greatly

reduced. Regardless, the negative environmental affects do exist and the

severity of them will be debated for many years to come.


Все материалы в разделе "Иностранный язык"

ДОБАВИТЬ КОММЕНТАРИЙ  [можно без регистрации]
перед публикацией все комментарии рассматриваются модератором сайта - спам опубликован не будет

Ваше имя:


Хотите опубликовать свою статью или создать цикл из статей и лекций?
Это очень просто – нужна только регистрация на сайте.

Copyright © MirZnanii.com 2015-2018. All rigths reserved.