Aristotle On Animal Experimentation Essay Research Paper

Aristotle On Animal Experimentation Essay, Research Paper

Aristotle on Animal Experimentation

Aristotle would indeed not approve of experiments performed on animals. He

seems to put much emphasis throughout his writings on the similarity of the animal and

humans. He also puts much emphasis on the fact that animals and plants are very

different. The only thing animals lack, according to Aristotle, that differentiate them from

humans is a mind. He says that nutrition is shared by all natural living organisms but

animals have perception in addition, and among natural organisms humans alone have

mind. The mind is exclusively a human property. However, Aristotle?s many other

examples that make animals human-like indicate that he would not be one for animal


When he explains the qualities of plants, animals. and humans, he declares that any

creature with reason will also have perception; any creature with perception will also have

the ability to take on nutrition and to reproduce; but the converse does not hold. Thus,

plants show up with only the nutritive soul, animals have both perceptual and nutritive

faculties, and humans have all three. This means animals are very close to humans, only

lacking one step which is reason. Also, to distinguish animals from plants, Aristotle

stresses that perception is the capacity of the soul which distinguishes animals from plants

and that having a perceptive ability is decisive of being an animal. Animals must have

perception if they are to live. He gives the example of a dog knowing his master, not only

as any man, but ?his master–the man who on other occasions has fed, trained, punished,

and praised him(Jones, 242).? Though he does also show some small differences in the

perception of animals and humans, Aristotle does focus much of his attention on the

similarities that one must recognize. Clearly, therefore, Aristotle would not advocate

animal experimentation.


Все материалы в разделе "Иностранный язык"

ДОБАВИТЬ КОММЕНТАРИЙ  [можно без регистрации]
перед публикацией все комментарии рассматриваются модератором сайта - спам опубликован не будет

Ваше имя:


Хотите опубликовать свою статью или создать цикл из статей и лекций?
Это очень просто – нужна только регистрация на сайте.

Copyright © 2015-2018. All rigths reserved.