Cloning 4 Essay, Research Paper
Attempts to create a human being by cloning should be banned for several reasons. Although cloning has some benefits, attempts to clone a human will bring up many moral and ethical issues. Seppa (1997) reports that the National Bioethics Advisory Commission (NABC) concludes that it would be morally unacceptable for anyone in the public or private sector… to attempt to create a child by implanting cloned embryos in a woman. Cloning has many benefits, but it also poses great risks to the human race. This report will show why cloning should be banned.
McKinnel (1979) reports that cloning has been around for decades and that scientists have known how to clone in principle for at least two decades. Scientists have been able to clone both plants and animals. They can grow a whole new plant from a fragment of an existing plant. Cloning has been used in agriculture to produce high quality uniform products. Scientists have cloned frogs for scientific research. Gould (1997) reports that scientists from Scotland were able to clone a sheep from an adult cell. The sheep named Dolly is not the first mammal ever cloned. This is just one step closer to cloning humans. Plants and animals have been cloned for decades, but cloning poses great risks to humans.
Cloning poses great risks to the human race. Cloning may cause human bodies to stop aging. Then the world would become full of elderly immortals and few children. That would not be good for the world because the world needs the benefit of ideas from young people. Cloning could also cause people to become supernatural. Another risk to humans would be the threat of plagues. Plagues could develop as a result of cloning. A worldwide epidemic unbalancing the ecology may also develop as a result of cloning. Seppa (1997) reports that the National Bioethics Advisory Commission has said that the technique used by the Scottish scientists to clone a sheep would pose great risks to humans. It was also reported by Seppa (1997) that Alta Charo said before successfully cloning a lamb, the researchers failed 277 times, producing many abnormal and still born animals. Cloning will not only pose great risks to the human race, but it will also raise moral and ethical issues.
Cloning will raise moral and ethical issues. Seppa (1997) reported that anti-abortionists feel that life should start at conception. Therefore they feel that cloning should be banned. If cloning does happen, there is a real potential for developmental abnormalities. McKinnel (1979) reported that nature is imperfect and so is the potential synthetic human produced by cloning. Cloning humans raises moral issues. Seppa (1997) reported that Ezekiel Emanuel said a child born of cloning would face an enormous weight of social and parental expectations about what and who that child should be. Cloning raises many moral and ethical issues, but cloning does have some benefits.
Cloning has many benefits. Gould (1997) and McKinnel (1979) both reported that cloning could be used for spare parts. Gould (1997) also reports that agencies could use cloning to make money. Cloning may be used to prolong life, maybe even make people live forever. McKinnel (1979) reports that cloning could eliminate genetic defects. If one individual in a marriage has a genetic defect, the partner without the defect could be cloned. The genetic defect would be eliminated and the married couple could have children and not worry about a genetic defect. McKinnel (1979) also reported that the acceptance of tissue transplants without rejection among members of the isogenic group is a possible benefit of cloning. Another benefit is that cloning may make it possible to preserve embryo cells or even produce embryo cells from other body cells. The cells could then be placed inside mothers to grow into human beings. Then these living copies could be born when the first individual is old or dead. Even though here are benefits from cloning, all of these benefits involve risks. If scientists use cloning to clone spare parts, there would be risks to the surrogate mother who would carry the clone report Gould (1997). Gould (1997) also reported that agencies might abuse the clones. If cloning makes people live forever and the world becomes full of immortals and elderly people, then we won t have any young minds. If scientists preserve embryo cells and implant them in surrogate mothers when one individual is old or dead, that then poses a risk to the surrogate mother. Eliminating a genetic defect by cloning also has risks. There are risks to the mother s health. McKinnel (1979) reported that it is possible for fetal cells to break lose during the gestation and find their way into the mother s tissue. If the cloned cells get into her tissue they may become cancer and the mother could die of cancer related to her pregnancy. Even though there is some good that come out of cloning, cloning should still be banned.
Attempts to create a human being by cloning should be banned. Cloning does have some benefits, but it raises many moral and ethical issues. The National Bioethics Advisory Commission concludes that it would be morally unacceptable for anyone in the public or private sector…to attempt to create a child by implanting cloned embryos in women reports Seppa (1997).
The principle of cloning has been known for at least two decades. Plants, such as apples and those in agriculture have been cloned to produce uniform and high quality products. Frogs have also been cloned for scientific research. Dolly, the cloned sheep, is not the first mammalian clone. Dolly is the first clone from an adult cell.
Cloning poses great risks to humans. The NABC concluded that the technique the Scots used to clone a sheep would be harmful to humans. Seppa (1997) reported that Alta Charo said before successfully cloning a lamb, the researchers failed 277 times, producing many abnormal and still born animals.
Those who believe cloning benefits should think about the risk cloning brings to the surrogate mother has in order to carry the clone. Cloning also brings a threat of plagues and superhuman creatures. An error or deliberate act could cause a worldwide epidemic by unbalancing the ecology.
Cloning also raises moral and ethical issues. Seppa (1997) reported that Ezekiel Emanuel said a child born of cloning would face enormous social and parental expectations about what and who that child should be. Anti-abortionists believe that life starts at conception and that cloning should be banned.
Cloning should be banned for the reasons above. There is a real potential for developmental abnormalities. The risk of producing abnormal humans is dangerous to the human race and the moral and ethical issues will continue unless human cloning is banned.