Heading Towards Ww2 Essay Research Paper Heading

Heading Towards Ww2 Essay, Research Paper

Heading Towards WWII

World War II was a result of how World War I was resolved. The Treaty of

Versailles, signed at the end of the Great War, was supposed to bring about change and

peace. The League of Nations, a part of the Treaty, was an international alliance for the

preservation of peace. Although it did change world politics, the Treaty did not bring

about peace, but ironically led to a more violent and deadly war, World War II.

Signed on June 28, 1919, the Treaty of Versailles aimed to punish the Central

Powers for causing the war by forcing financial reparations be paid to the Allies. These

reparations were imposed on Turkey, Hungary, Bulgaria, Austria, but mostly on

Germany. Payment in the form of trains, ships, natural resources, and even livestock was

accepted, but mostly in the form of gold. This was to cover the cost of the loss the Allies.

Germany promised to pay for civilian losses, as well as $5 billion a year until a final sum

could be totalled. The Treaty also called for the disarmament of Germany. This

involved both reducing it’s military, nearly stop all production of war material, and

demilitarizing it’s posts. With the reparations and disarmament in place, the final blow

came in Article 231 of the Treaty which stated that Germany must admit that they, with

the Central Powers, were solely responsible for starting WWI.

Territorial changes occurred at the end of the war as well, due not only to the

breakup of the Turkish, Austrian, and Russian empires, but because of the land claimed

by the Allies. The unconditional sovereignty of Czechoslovakia, Belgium, Austria, and

Poland was recognized by Germany. In total, Germany lost thirteen percent of it’s

European land. Alsace-Lorraine was once again a part of France. The Saar Basin was in

the hands of the League of Nations for fifteen years. Belgium received land along the

German border. With many more land transfers, including the complete loss of the

German colonial empire, the map of the world had taken on great change.

With reparation costs in the billions of dollars, the German economy took a strong

hit. This, with losing much of it’s land, caused great resentment and anger because

Germany was not given a chance to represent itself in the League of Nations. Because of

the magnitude and manner of these resolutions, there was a rise of Adolf Hitler and

eventually war as Germany geared up for WWII.


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