Fdr Essay, Research Paper
Franklin Delano Roosevelt was the 32nd President of the United States of America. Roosevelt served longer than any other President did in office. (1933-1945) Franklin was in office for four terms as President. Roosevelt held office during two of the greatest crises in the United States history. These two obstacles are the greatest and most crucial events that our nation has ever faced. First came the Great Depression, which was a stepping stone in Roosevelt’s path to the Presidency of the United States. Then came one of the biggest events in the history of the world, which was World War 2.
Roosevelt was born at his home, in Hyde Park, New York on January 30, 1882 to James Roosevelt and Sara Delano Roosevelt at 8:45 p.m. He had weighed 10 pounds at birth. It was a difficult delivery, which nearly killed Roosevelt’s mother and himself.
When he came out he was unconscious at the time and only the mouth to mouth resuscitation continued to keep him alive. Franklin was named after a great-uncle. Roosevelt lived in Hyde Park in his younger years. During the summers he was taken on trips to Europe with his parents. Also spent time on Campobello Island in New Brunswick. Franklin grew up as a protected child. When a child he was with his parents very frequently. He wore dresses until he was 5 years old. Then there was clad in kilts, then finally at 8 years old he began to wear pants. At the age of 8 he finally was able to take his first unsupervised bath. When he was four he was given his first pony, then when he was 11 he was given his own hunting rifle. At the young age of sixteen he was given a 21′ sailboat. You could say he lived an ok childhood. In 1887 his father took Roosevelt to the While House where he meet Grover Cleveland. President Cleveland said to Roosevelt “My little man, I am making a strange wish for you. It is that you. It is that your may never be president of the United States.”
Roosevelt had a great interest in natural history and was a very involved bird watcher.
He loved the outdoors. He had always been outside playing with his servants or a few children that lived in the near area. He had become an expert swimmer and a very good sailor. Franklin Made models of ships and had other Hopis like reading and swimming. He had not much contact with children his age. He played with cooks, servants and other adults. He was a lot to himself. In any case he lived a good child-hood.
Roosevelt’s mother supervised his education until he was 14. He had French and German speaking tutors. Which he had become conversant in both languages. Also he developed interest in these languages and become a descent reader. Roosevelt loved to read he loved books about the sea. He read to himself a lot since he was by himself most of the time. He than began to gain interest in stamp collecting which he had maintained his whole life. Roosevelt went on to further education in 1896.
He had been sent to a private school to help wealthy children prepare for Ivy League collage. In 1896 his parents choose to send him to Groton in Massatushits. He was an above average student; he was in the top 75 – 80 percentile. In extracurricular activities he sang soprano in the choir. He also set a school record in the high kick. He played seventh-string football, boxed as a lightweight. He managed the baseball team. As a member of the Groton Missionary Society, he directed a summer camp for disadvantaged youth. He won the Latin Prize. His final report card read “He has been a thoroughly faithful scholar and a most satisfactory member of this throughout his course. Governor Theodore Roosevelt spoke at his graduation from Groton in June of 1900. Then he went off to one of the best and well respected schools in America. Roosevelt had chosen Harvard College. He had inroad in 1899. This was one year before his father had past on.
Roosevelt was an average sudden. Consisting of B’s and C’s. Class bored Roosevelt; he went to class regularly though. Which all of the other boys did not go or went then escaped out during class. Roosevelt later after college related his education at Harvard as an electric lamp with out a chord. Extracurricular activities consisted of captain of the third crew of the Newell Boating Club. He was also secretary of the Glee Club, Librarian of Alpha Delta Phi and the Hasty Pudding Club. Also Franklin held a permanent chairman of the class committee, and a member of the Harvard Union Library committee. He had failed to make the football team and the prestigious Porcellian Club. Last but not least was Roosevelt’s favorite thing to do in collage, which was Editor-in-chief of the Harvard Crimson. This was his favorite thing to do at collage it had prepared him in public speaking and in preparing for speeches. In 1903 he had had enough credits to graduate but he had decided to stay and be editor-in-chief of the newspaper.
This is why he graduated in 1904 instead of 1903. Roosevelt had received his Bachelor’s degree in 1903. He majored in history and government with English and public speaking minors. Following his education at Harvard Franklin had started another education process at Columbia University. He enrolled in the Columbia Law school in 1904. He had continued to be an average student. He had dropped out before completing his bar exam in 1907. He never graduated from law school. Even though he did not graduate and get his law degree he was emitted to the bar and joined a law firm of Carter, Ledyard, and Milborn in New York City He had never voted, he considered himself as a Demarcate. Still in 1904 he had voted for his cousin which was a Republican.
Franklin D. Roosevelt at the age of 23 married Eleanor Roosevelt, which was at the age of 20. She was his fifth cousin removed. The date of marriage was on March 17, 1905, which was when he was attending Columbia University.
The weeding took place at the townhouse of the bride’s Aunt Mrs. E. Livingston Ludlow on East 76th street in New York City. Eleanor was born on October 11, 1884 the daughter of Elliott Roosevelt, which was the younger brother of Theodore Roosevelt. Franklin proposed in November1903: Eleanor said yes. Franklin’s mother opposed of the weeding. Mrs. Roosevelt took her soon on a cruise in 1904 hoping that it will bring them apart. Of course it did not work Roosevelt came back loving as ever. The weeding date was set up so Theodore Roosevelt could give the Bride away at the weeding. The Reverend was Dr. Endicott Peabody, Franklin’s headmaster at Groton.
Roosevelt had a daughter and he had four sons to live to a mature age. Another child died at a very tender age. His daughter was named Anna Eleanor Roosevelt after her mother. She was born in New York City in 1906. She had attended Cornell University in 1925.
In 1936 she had become the private secretary to her father. Which she had stead at until and his death in 1945. Franklin’s first son was born in 1907 and also was born in New York City. He had attended Harvard University in 1926. Which he did not graduate from. During World War 2 he served as a Marines. He was a captain then he had become a colonel. Elliott Roosevelt was born in New York City in 1910 and Graduated from Groton in 1929. During WW2 he served in the Army Air Corps rising from a captain to a brigadier general. Franklin D. Roosevelt Jr. was born on Campobello Island in 1914. He had graduated from Harvard in 1937 and also graduated from University of Virginia law school in 1940. John Asponwall Roosevelt the youngest of the children was born in Washington D.C. and graduated from Harvard University in 1938.
Roosevelt entered the political world in 1910. This is when he had become candidate for the New York Senate. He was only 28 years of age.
Even though he was at a young age he had worked hard and fought for what he had believed in and it paid off he was elected at the age of 28 in 1911. He had won in the New York Senate with a fairly large victory. He was the second Demarcate to represent his district after the emergence of the Republican Party in 1856. Franklin Roosevelt became very popular in the senate in New York with his tenacious speeches and his unusually ideas. He was reelected in the Senate in 1912. While he was there he had supported women’s suffrage and local option Prohibition. Following the reelection Roosevelt had the opportunity to become the assistant Sectary of the United Sates Navy. So he had took this position in 1913. This was once a position of his distant cousin Theodore Roosevelt. He had held this position for seven years. He was a great leader he had taken tours of Europe and had control of crucial parts of WW1.
This had taught him how to be a leader and to improve his relations in international political rounds. He was well respected and took his job seriously. He had resigned to accept the Democratic vice presidential nomination on the ticket with Governor James M. Cox in 1920. As before he had run long and hard and he should that he had perseverance. He had established himself as a hard worker. He should off his speech making abilities. In this campaign he had shown his support for the League of Nations. In a landslide he had lost to Harding. At least he put in a lot of effort in trying to gain some public interests. He had nothing to worry; he was still under the age of forty. Roosevelt was stricken by some in August 1921. The doctors did not know what it was. In many efforts they presumed it was Polio. He had been hit hard he had lost the use of his legs and became very ill. Eleanor stayed at his side for days and months.
She had tented to all of his needs. In great agony the disease left him unable to walk. He had over exerted himself by swimming and hiking. Roosevelt seemed to reach the top of his political career. When becoming more active and had more strength Roosevelt tried to reverse the effect of Polio. To help him with strength building Roosevelt had bought a resort in Warm Springs. This resort had swimming and water related activities. Swimming had given Roosevelt a charge so to say or an energy boost. Franklin spent a lot of his time there for the first few months of the recovery. This helped a lot but Polo had taken the use of Roosevelt’s legs away from him. At age 39 Franklin Roosevelt could not walk for the rest of his life. Roosevelt had been happy through out this whole ordeal. Through the worst he was amazingly cheerful.
This was a surprise to many. People would think you would be angry, not Roosevelt, he had been even more kind then he was before said Eleanor. He spent most of his working hours in a wheelchair.
He was able to walk with leg braces and canes, usually with help.
Roosevelt helped fellow politicians with their campaign efforts. Ex-governor Smith urged on Roosevelt to get back in the political world. He had wanted Roosevelt to run for governor of New York. Against wishes from Eleanor and Franklin’s mother Roosevelt decided to run. Smith had just resigned as governor of New York to run for the president of the US. Roosevelt was elected narrowly as governor of the state of New York in 1928. He had defeated the state attorney general Albert Ottinger. Again in 1930 Roosevelt had won the Governor position but this time he was reelected with an enormous advantage. His candidate was U.S. Attorney Charles H. Tuttle. This had exhausted Roosevelt he had spent a couple of weeks in Warm Springs after the victory.
In 1932 the leading candidate for the presidential nomination was the one and only Franklin D. Roosevelt. His right hand man was John Nance Garner of Texas. When he was elected as the nominee he had announced his plan to start a program called the New Deal. This spread word all over the country. The demarcates blamed the republicans for the crises that was gong on at that moment, which was the Great Depression. He had plenty of hard campaigning. He had campaigned as hard as ever he felt young again doing all of this, but it was very tiring. All of the campaigning finally paid off on March 4, 1933 Franklin D. Roosevelt had become the 32nd President of the United States of America. In Roosevelt’s first inaugural address he had said “This great Nation will endure as it has endured, will revive and will prosper.
So, first of all, let me assert my firm belief that the only thing we have to fear is fear itself-nameless, unreasoning, unjustified terror which paralyzes needed efforts to convert retreat into advance. In every dark hour of our national life a leadership of frankness and vigor has met with that understanding and support of the people themselves, which is essential to victory. I am convinced that you will again give that support to leadership in these critical days.” This was one of the most famous speeches that will be remembered for a long time to come. Roosevelt was different then any other President. Roosevelt brought great confidence both to himself and also to the people of America. This happened right when the Great Depression started. Roosevelt brought to the people a plan called the New Deal. This had brought new hope for everyone. It even worked it started to work. As soon as WW1 ended there was plenty more jobs for all of the Americans.
They were making bombs and plans and all sorts of other war related instruments. Roosevelt had stated to bring this country around he had supplied the country with jobs. This made it easy for him to denominated for the Democratic nomination for the Presidency. So in 1936 he was reelected over Hoover in an unsurprising manner. H was president for the second straight term, which was still a block in his great achievement in his four terms. His plain was working brining more and more jobs to people around the country. Roosevelt started something that would help Americans for years to come. This great idea was social security, which was a plan to help Americans at the later years of their life after they have paid taxes for many years. There was some tension in Europe, which at the time they did not know it would be the worst war that the earth had ever seen. Roosevelt was keeping it cool and he had not had got involved. Once again it was easy to overcome his opponent which was Wendell Willkie. Of course once again he won with out any worries.
This was a hard year this is when the war had started which was WW2. This was the event that gave everyone in America a job. Mass assembly lines sprang up all over America. In a little town in New Mexico sprang up a project that would change the face of the earth. Roosevelt had not wanted to get involved in the war. He was just getting smart and did not want to get caught with his pants down. Then Japan bombed Pearl Harbor and of course he had announced that he was going to get in the war here it is ” Yesterday, Dec. 7, 1941 – a date which will live in infamy – the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan. The United States was at peace with that nation and, at the solicitation of Japan, was still in conversation with the government and its emperor looking toward the maintenance of peace in the Pacific. Indeed, one hour after Japanese air squadrons had commenced bombing in Oahu, the Japanese ambassador to the United States and his colleagues delivered to the Secretary of State a formal reply to a recent American message. While this reply stated that it seemed useless to continue the existing diplomatic negotiations, it contained no threat or hint of war or armed attack. It will be recorded that the distance of Hawaii from Japan makes it obvious that the attack was deliberately planned many days or even weeks ago. During the intervening time, the Japanese government has deliberately sought to deceive the United States by false statements and expressions of hope for continued peace.
The attack yesterday on the Hawaiian islands has caused severe damage to American naval and military forces. Very many American lives have been lost. In addition, American ships have been reported torpedoed on the high seas between San Francisco and Honolulu. Yesterday, the Japanese government also launched an attack against Malaya. Last night, Japanese forces attacked Hong Kong. Last night, Japanese forces attacked Guam. Last night, Japanese forces attacked the Philippine Islands.
Last night, the Japanese attacked Wake Island. This morning, the Japanese attacked Midway Island. Japan has, therefore, undertaken a surprise offensive extending throughout the pacific area. The facts of yesterday speak for themselves. The people of the United States have already formed their opinions and well understand the implications to the very life and safety of our nation. As commander in chief of the Army and Navy, I have directed that all measures be taken for our defense. Always will we remember the character of the onslaught against us. No matter how long it may take us to overcome this premeditated invasion, the American people in their righteous might will win through to absolute victory. I believe I interpret the will of the Congress and of the people when I assert that we will not only defend ourselves to the uttermost, but will make very certain that this form of treachery shall never endanger us again. Hostilities exist. There is no blinking at the fact that that our people, our territory and our interests are in grave danger. With confidence in our armed forces – with the unbounding determination of our people – we will gain the inevitable triumph – so help us God. I ask that the Congress declare that since the unprovoked and dastardly attack by Japan on Sunday, Dec. 7, a state of war has existed between the United States and the Japanese Empire. This was the speech that every American was worried about it was heard all over the nation. It had become a world war were we ready? Yes we were as soon as we came in the war had began to die down. It boosted all of the ratings for the future four term President. Which is the only time that had happened and it will be the only time. He had been at warm springs a lot to since the war had worn him out. With all of the traveling it had worsened his condition. As this was happening the Atomic Bomb was being tested. And was almost ready to go. Also the country was booming it was economically was in one of the best shape of it’s existence. In 1944 he was reelected as President for the forth term. The war was going good Europe was being surrounded and beginning to surrender. On April 12, 1945 at 1:00pm in Warm Springs Georgia Franklin D. Roosevelt had placed his hand on his temple and had said he had a terrible headache and then he collapsed at his desk where he was doing some office work. That was the last words out of his mouth. Voted 3 of greatest Presidents in the e history of the U.S. At 3:35pm Franklin D. Roosevelt had died as one of the best Presidents in our history. He was placed at death at his home in Hyde Park, New York. After his death he did not witness the first atomic bombs hit Japan that ended the War which he worked so hard on.
Roosevelt was praised all around the world for bringing America through the toughest situation that anyone has ever faced. So he was made a role model for years to come. I can never forget the famous quote “you have nothing to fear but fear itself.” As the 32nd President he had left a great legacy that no one will ever be able to match it. He will be greatly missed. It will never be overlooked what he did so there is monuments all over the country for him. All we have to do is to remember the quotes that he had gave us. Franklin D. Roosevelt. (1882-1045)