Asia Animals Essay, Research Paper
In Asia, there are many different kind of mammals, reptiles, birds, and other kinf of animals. They have a variety of endangered species, too. In China, there are many endangered species like the tigers, and some kinds of reptiles. These are the to I?m going to talk ing to you about.
Cobra (snake), common name for certain members of a family of venomous snakes, known for their intimidating behavior and deadly bite. Cobras are recognized by the hoods that they flare when angry or disturbed; the hoods are created by the elongate ribs that extend the loose skin of the neck behind the cobras’ heads. These reptiles are found throughout the Philippines, southern Asia, and Africa.
The king cobra is the world’s longest venomous snake. It averages 3.7 m (12 ft) in length but is known to grow to 5.5 m (18 ft). It is olive or brown in color, with bronze eyes; some individuals are banded. It is found in the Philippines, Malaysia, southern China, Myanmar (formerly known as Burma), India, Thailand, and the Malay Peninsula. It eats primarily other snakes. The other cobra of Asia is known variously as the common, Asian, Indian, or spectacled cobra (due to the eyeglass-shaped pattern on its skin). It seldom reaches a length of more than 1.8 m (6 ft). The hood of the common cobra is, proportionately, much larger than that of the king cobra and is usually yellow to brown, with a black-and-white spectacle pattern on top and two black and white spots on the lower surface. This snake causes many deaths each year in India, where it is regarded with religious awe and is seldom killed. The common cobra is frequently used by snake charmers. It ranges from the eastern shore of the Caspian Sea to China and Malaysia.
Many species of cobras are natives of Africa. Among them is the spitting, or black-necked, cobra, found from southern Egypt to northern South Africa. This snake can spray its venom from a distance of about 2.4 m (8 ft) into the eyes of its victims, causing temporary blindness and great pain. Varieties of the spitting cobra range in color from dull black to pink, the paler-colored ones marked by a black band around the neck. The ringhals, a different type of spitting cobra confined to southern Africa, is one of the smallest of the cobras, reaching only about 1.2 m (4 ft) in length. It is dark brown or black with ridged, or keeled, scales and pale rings on the neck. The asp, or Egyptian cobra, is found along the northern coast of Africa.
The venom of cobras often contains a powerful neurotoxin and acts on the nervous system. With effective serum more available, however, the high death rate from cobra bites in some areas of Asia has decreased. Cobra venom has been used for many years in medical research because it has an enzyme, lecithinase, that dissolves cell walls as well as membranes surrounding viruses.
lizards in the United States, commonly called anoles, are also popularly called chameleons.
Tiger, largest member of the cat family. It lives in Asia and belongs to the same genus as the lion, leopard, and jaguar. Two major subspecies are the Siberian tiger and the Bengal tiger. The modern tiger is thought to have originated in northern Asia during the Pleistocene Epoch (see Quaternary Period) and spread southward thereafter, crossing the Himalayas only about 10,000 years ago.
The very rare Siberian tiger measures 1.4 to 2.8 m (4.6 to 9.2 ft) long, not including the tail, which is 69 to 95 cm (27 to 37 in) in length, and weighs 180 to 306 kg (400 to 675 lb). It has thick yellow fur with dark stripes. The Bengal tiger, which is about 3 m (about 10 ft) long, including the tail, and usually weighs 180 to 258 kg (400 to 569 lb), is found on the mainland of southeastern Asia and in central and southern India. Its coat lies flatter than that of the Siberian tiger, the tawny color is richer, and the stripes are darker. The tiger on the island of Sumatra is even smaller and darker.
The tiger is a solitary animal, males and females coming together only at mating time, to share a kill, or to drink and rest at watering holes in areas with limited water. The litter numbers one to six cubs, which stay with the mother into their second year. The diet is varied, ranging from deer and cattle to frogs and fish; carrion is also eaten. The Bengal tiger inhabits grassy or swampy areas and forests, where it is well camouflaged by its coloration. Those living on islands have almost disappeared. Tigers have been hunted to near extinction by poachers in many Asian countries. Tiger body parts are sought for use in traditional Chinese medicine and exotic recipes. All subspecies of the tiger have been declared endangered.