Tin Essay, Research Paper
Tin s discoverer is unknown but one thing is known. Tin has been used and
discovered by the ancients. Tin was an accidental discovery.
Tin has been around for many years. Proof is in the fact that tin is
mentioned in the old testament of the bible.
Tin had a great effect on the world because of its low price, high electric
conductivity, and because tin protects against rust and weak acids in food if the
can is made out of tin instead of aluminum.
Some common compounds of tin are organtin a combination of carbon and
tin. When tin is formed with carbon to make organtin it can make more than 500
organtin compounds. These compounds are used in everyday things. One is toothpaste
containers and also are things such as wood, paper, textile, farm sprays, and
To get pure tin you must first find ore cassiterite or tin stone, a dioxide of
tin. The ore cassiterite before smelting and roasting must be crushed into a powder
to remove the arsenic and sulfur from the ore cassiterite. When you smelter the
tin you must heat it with carbon to remove the zinc, copper, bismuth, and iron
from the tin.
Tin had been used for many things but tins use is dropping rapidly although
tin is still used a lot for plating. Plating such things as electical contacts.
Tin is also used as a protective coating. This protective coating can be as
small as 15/1,000,000 of an inch. This protective coating protects against rust on
steel and other metals. A coating of tin also gives a great look to plain old
Tin cans for food prevents weak acids from damaging the inside of
the can. Not many cans are made of tin since aluminum started to be used
for cans tins use dropped sharply.
Tin is also used to coat staples, pins, bronze bell, pewter pitchers and many
Another popular tin mixture is tin and lead. Tin and lead make solder for
electric work. Battery contacts in the Black and Decker snake lights are also tin
A compound tin salt is used to spray onto glass windows to produce
electrically conductive coating for panel lighting and frost free windshields
One last use for tin is in the making of glass windows that are made by
floating molten glass on molten tin. This produces a flat piece of glass to be used
as a windows.
Industries basically only use tin for plating for electricity or for protection
on there metals such as tin.
Tin is found in Molaya, Bolivia, Indonesia, Zaire, Thailand, Nigeria, but
almost no tin is found in America, although some tin has been found in Alaska
Tins basic information. Tin has an atomic number fifty on the periodical
table of the elements. Tin s atomic symbol is Sn. Tin s atomic weight is 119 amu
(118.69 amu). Tin s electronic configuration is 2-8-18-18-4. Tin is in Group 14.
Tin has a gray color unless heated then it turns white. Tin is also a malleable and
ductile element. Tin is a very soft metal. Tin melts at 450 degrees F. Tins density
is 7.2984 centimeters squared. Tin has 69 neutrons and 70 protons.