An Explosive Answer Essay, Research Paper
An Explosive Answer?After browsing through Stephen E. Atkins book Terrorism, I soon learned manyinteresting things regarding the history of terrorism. It seems this form of protest has beenaround since Biblical times. Also, the main goal of a terrorist is not to do damage toone peticular person or place, but to gain publicity for an idea they support. (page 1)Evidence of this can be found by looking at the recent past of the United States. TheOklahoma bombing was one man s way of expressing his dislike of the government. The exact definition of terrorism is not a solid line, it is a very wide line that isn tdefined. The general definition of terrorism is an attack of some sort against a person orplace that involves violence and/or destruction of property and is usually politicallymotivated. (Terrorism 3)Our fight against terrorism became something the terrorists might fear in 1970, atthe Hague Convention. This United Nations convention basically defined …hijacking as acrime and required contracting states either to allow the extradition of hijackers to theircountry of origin, or to prosecute them in the state where they were arrested. (The Terrorists146) Atkins states that one of the reasons it took so long to do anything about terrorism isthat it is so hard to define, and therefore just as hard to enforce. He also saysDeclarations and conventions from the UN have lacked effective enforcementmechanisms, so they have been ignored by member states and have been characterized as largely cosmetic. Basically, the UN is doing this to satisfy the public and little else.This lack of understanding of the meaning of terrorism has also been a hindrance when law8:56 PM 12/14/96enforcement was actually implemented. Police aren t trained to handle terrorist typeattacks, instead they handle them like ordinary criminal attacks. (Terrorism 26-27) This givesthe terrorists exactly what they wanted, publicity for their cause. The media is a terrorists best friend. Without the modern wide-spread media,terrorism would be worthless. The human nature that makes us stop and look at thehorrible traffic accident is another reason why terrorism is effective. Ask someone 20years from now what they remember about the 1996 Summer Olympics, and they will saythe terrorist bombing. This event was literally blown out of proportion by the media. Itwasn t a terrorist attack, there was no one taking credit, and no reason for doing it. Anyjuvenile delinquent could have easily found this information off the Internet. According tothe infamous Jolly Rogers, homemade weapons are easy to make. He doesn t gloss overthe fact that attempting to make these weapons is usually illegal, and dangerous. Thereare approximately 50 different types of illegal activities detailed in the text file, which isover 100 pages long. This document isn t hard to find to anyone looking.(http://space.acm.ndsu.nodak.edu/ rykramer/cookbook.html)There are usually a few kids every year who remove fingers trying to build homemade bombs, and those kids are the lucky ones, many have died making the explosivekitchen creations. One example is the tennis ball bomb. Supposedly, a tennis ball is cutopen and filled with broken off match heads. The only thing the article doesn t mention isthe chances of filling the tennis ball up with match heads before friction ignites the thing in
the builders hands. Another dangerous thing is the light bulb bomb. This is built byplacing black power inside a light bulb. The theory behind it is that the filament will ignitethe power, thereby sending glass fragments throughout the room. The only problem iswhen the builder forgets to turn off the light switch before screwing in the explosive lightbulb. (http://space.acm.ndsu.nodak.edu/ rykramer/cookbook.html) It is also true that two high school studentsbuilt a small nuclear weapon in a chemistry lab from instructions found on the Internet.Resources like Jolly Roger s Cookbook and the Phreak filez are easily available on theInternet, but contrary to what most mass-media mediums would like people to believe, thebomb making instructions do not suddenly jump up on the user s screen. The Internetuser must go out and look for the information, and if they are really that dedicated to theirterrorist cause, the will be able to find the information anywhere, not just the Internet. Asfar as the modern terrorist is concerned, the Internet doesn t have any new informationthat isn t already easily accessible. Terrorist form groups to make it easier to get their message across. Atkins has avery good list of modern terrorist groups. One group is the Arab National YouthOrganization for the Liberation of Palestine. (ANYOLP) This group was found by thepresident of Libya, Qaddafi. This group isn t as active as when it started in 1972, but itwas never officially disbanded by Qaddafi. (Terrorism 102) One of the most famous groups isthe Black Panther Party. (BPP) This was founded in the United States in the 1960 s, inAlabama. This groups wasn t really a terrorist group, but more a self-defense group thatpushed the lines of self defense. Most people associate Martin Luther King Jr. s namewhen they hear this group because this was a very racially oriented group. (106) One ofthe oldest terrorist groups is the Irish Republican Army. (IRA) It started during the 19thcentury when Ireland was fighting for its independence. Unlike other groups, this group isrespected by many people because they are trying to unify the island of Ireland. Thisgroup also has a more radical splinter group called the Irish Republican Army ProvisionalWing. (Terrorism 116-117)Terrorist groups have also become very good plots for movie makers. The movieDelta Force is based solely on a terrorist taking over an airplane. There has also been amovie made recently which shows the Islamic Jihad group of Iran and their attack in 1983against Marines in Beirut. (Terrorism 118) Another movie that mentions the Islamic Jihad is”Executive Decision” This is just another example of how the media loves dramaticstories, and why not, it sells!I believe terrorism is a very real and very dangerous threat to the United States.We spend millions to support a large “peace keeping” military, but yet a single terroristattack could easily bring our nation to it s knees. The media loves the blood and gore, soit reports all the details. What paper would print a cover story about the recent NobelPeace Prize recipients instead of the recent plane that may have been bombed or the”terrorist” attack at the Olympic games?———————————
Atkins, Stephen E. Terrorism: A Reference Handbook Santa Barbara, California:ABC-CLIO, Inc., 1992. Payne, Ronald and Dobson, Christopher. The Terrorists: Their Weapons, Leaders andTactics. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 1982.