Animal Rights Essay Research Paper Animal RightsEver

Animal Rights Essay, Research Paper Animal Rights Ever since The Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals in England in 1824 was formed there has been long running debates on the topic of

Animal Rights Essay, Research Paper

Animal Rights

Ever since The Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals in

England in 1824 was formed there has been long running debates on the topic of

animal rights. The first societies were formed to protect and maintain human

treatment of work animals, such as cattle, horses and house hold pets. Towards

the end of the 19th century more organizations were formed, this time to protest

the use of animals in scientific experimentation. In today?s society groups

such as People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) have continued these

traditional fights as well as adding new agendas. These new agendas include

hunting and fishing, and dissection of animals in science classes. This paper

will discuss the pros and cons of animal experimentation and research, animals

in the classroom, animal organizations and hunting. Along with these topics my

personal opinion will be stated, before and after researching the topic.

The rights of animals have always been important to me during my life.

This is due to the fact that I have had a dog for a pet for as long as I

remember. On this topic I feel as though having domesticated animals in the home

is fine as long as proper care is taken of them. As for more controversial issue

like animal research and experimentation my views vary. A few years ago I felt

that any research or experimentation on animals was inhumane and unjust. However

after maturing and becoming more aware of the world, I now feel as though there

are definite ?goods? that come from animal research that can not come from doing

tests on humans. This view is by no means one sided. I also feel that there are

some things being done to animals that just should not happen, such as the

testing of cosmetics. In other areas of animal rights like dissection in the

classroom I think that as long as the animals died naturally it is fine to use

them to further a students education along with human cadavers. Of course, I

hope that

animal dissection can become a thing of the past with the advent of new

technologies. On the topic of hunting I have had a first hand experience. The

deer population where I live grew out of control a few years ago and as a last

resort the town decided to have a hunt. It was very controlled safe and had a

limit as to how many deer were killed. This sort of animal control is extreme

and in my opinion should be avoided at all costs. However, the overpopulation of

deer was causing health risks to the town, like a spread of lymes disease, which

made hunting a necessity. The rights of animals are watched out for by

organizations dating back to the early 1800?s. This, I feel is an important step

in protecting animals as long as they protest within there legal rights. In

order to sum my opinion up animals do have certain rights but if experiments,

research, hunting and dissection provide positive increases in knowledge that

furthers the existence of the world it is a necessary thing that must be done.

Perhaps the biggest and most debated subject dealing with the rights of

animals is the use of them in research and experimentation. “Very few people

would object to the use of animals if human lives were saved as a consequence.”

(Minkoff, 26) However the extremists who do object would do so on a few key

points. Firstly, animals which are used are subjected to in humane treatment.

This consists of tests such as the LD50, which entails giving an animal a lethal

dose of a chemical or drug until 50% of them die. Also, experimenters are

subjecting them to wound experiments, radiation experiments and studies on the

effects of chemical warfare.(PETA, 2) Organizations such as PETA are also

opposed to cosmetic testing on animals due to experimenters spraying, injecting,

and feeding cosmetics to animals which cause labored breathing, blindness and

death in some cases. These organizations argue that cosmetics have already been

tested on animals in the past why continue doing the same tests. Due to the

protests of The Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing in 1981, Avon and

Revlon have stopped using animals in their research.(Comptons, CD) Experiments

and research on animals such as the LD50 test and cosmetic tests are, according

to animal rights organizations cruel and inhumane towards animals. They believe

that animals have rights and they are just as important to society as humans are,

therefore if humans are not used for these experiments then animals shouldn?t

either. Despite these objections for experimenting on animals there are positive

results that come from it.

Research on animals is important in understanding diseases and developing

ways to prevent them. The polio vaccine, kidney transplants, and heart surgery

techniques have all been developed with the help of animal research. Through

increased efforts by the scientific community, effective treatments for diabetes,

diphtheria, and other diseases have been developed with animal

testing.(Bioethics, 148) There are many reasons given for it to be necessary to

work with animals in research. First scientists must be able to test medical

treatments for effectiveness and drugs for their toxicity before being tested on

humans. Also new surgical techniques before being used on humans must be tested

on living things with circulatory and pulmonary systems like ours. No “computer

models, cell cultures, nor artificial substances can simulate flesh, muscle

blood, bones and organs.”(Ampef, 2) If considered carefully there is no

alternative to animal research. It is impossible to explain or predict the

course of many diseases without observing the effects of it on the entire living

system. In the classroom, it is argued, dissections must go on in order to

further our knowledge. But, what about computer programs like the virtual frog?

The answer to this is simply that even with today?s technologies these kind of

computer programs are not sophisticated enough to reproduce a living organism.

In researching the topic of animal rights my eyes have been opened to

various different reasons to support and not to support animal rights. After

serious consideration of both sides of the argument, my opinion is that animals

should be used in research and experiments, excluding cosmetic experiments. In

my opinion this type of animal use is fine as long as it results in positively

advancing the human race. Despite this point of view I also believe this

research must produce these results in a humane manner. Animals do have rights

and should not be used for unnecessary things such as hunting which is purely

taking advantage of animals because they can not defend themselves and no good

comes from this sport. The only exception to this was stated earlier in which

hunting was used as a last resort to curb a possible health threat. Finally my

hope for the use of animals in the classroom is that someday there will be

enough technological advances for computer programs that will enable them to

simulate a real animal. This actually goes for all animal testing, if we could

simulate an animal or human, on a computer we would not have to subject anyone

to testing. Animals do have the right not to treated inhumanely whether it be in

the home, laboratory, classroom or field, yet as long as animals are being used

to help benefit the world, animals in my opinion can be used in some respects.

Works cited:

Compton?s Interactive Encyclopedia. CD-ROM. Compton?s New Media Inc. : 1994

Encyclopedia of Bioethics, Simon and Schuster. New York: 1995

Minkoff, Eli C., Biology Today: An Issues Approach. McGraw-Hill Companies,

Inc., New York: 1996. (pp25 – 32)

Miller, David Lee Winston. ” The LD50 Test, A Failure of Extreme, but Measurable,

Proportions.”1997. Online. Available:

http://www.sunyit.edu/~millerd1/LD50.HTM

“Without Animal Research.” Americans for Medical Progress Educational Foundation.

1997. Online. Available:

http://www.ampef.org/research.htm

“Animal Experimentation.” People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals. 1997.

Online. Available:

http://www.envirolink.org/arrs/peta/facts/exp/fsexp01.htm

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