Ergonomics Essay, Research Paper
Ergonomics is becoming an increasingly important field of science. It works to understand and adapt to people s physical and mental limitations in the workplace. The data collected from studies on these types of things could be used to ease the use of products, and in adapting to environments. Ergonomics is used to prevent illnesses that are sometimes caused by repeating a task over and over again. This overextends some muscles while completely ignoring others, thus causing an imbalance in the worker.
Ergonomics is a fairly new field of science. It is a sector branched off of more established areas like engineering, physiology, and psychology. Ergonomics was originated during World War Two, and was known as human factoring. During this time period, researchers were creating new products without considering the consumers limitations or the environments they would be using them. They decided that they would have to adapt their products to fit the needs of the consumer.
In one ergonomic related research project, the researchers compared the relative position of the controls on a lathe to the size of the average male worker. It was found that the operator would have to stoop and move from side to side in order to operate the lathe controls. They said An ideal sized person would have to be just 4.5 feet tall, 2 feet across the shoulders, and have an arm span of 8 feet. (Source: The Ergonomics Society)
Careers in human factoring, or ergonomics, are increasing in the job market. Quality control engineers use ergonomics everyday in their job, where they need to know the limitations of the consumer in order to please them. A quality control engineer works to prevent customer dissatisfaction with their product. An example would be an engineer that designs the alignment of the steering wheel in relation to the seat. They must set it up so almost anyone would be able to operate the car safely.
There are programs available in this ergonomics at the University of Michigan, University of Arizona, and Virginia Technical Institute. In fact, the University of Michigan has a whole sector devoted to ergonomics. It offers industrial and operations engineering, occupational ergonomics, biomedical engineering, and environmental and industrial hygiene. All these jobs salaries range from $40,000 and up into the high 200 s. You can get farther with master s degree but bachelor s degree s can get you into most well-paying jobs. There are many organizations involved in ergonomics. They include Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Center for Ergonomics and Safety Research (CESR), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), and The Ergonomics Society.
Ergonomics can improve our quality of life for the future. It is important to create a safe and productive environment for the employee to work. If the worker is happy with their environment, more work gets done and there is more job satisfaction. Continued research in ergonomics can make our lives better.
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Comprising three course books, this series is aimed at university students in all disciplines who require instruction in completing academic writing tasks. Through extensive use of examples, model texts, and practical activities, the course develops the essential skills needed to compose texts which meet the expectations of an academic reader. Academic Writing Skills 3 addresses higher-level academic features, such as understanding essay prompts, research, paragraph cohesion, logical connections, and effective sentence building. It is appropriate for students wishing to focus on specific essay types that require the use and integration of sources to complete academic writing tasks. Academic Writing Skills 3 Teacher's Manual has two parts: Part 1: Lesson plans for each part of each unit Part 2: The answer key to the exercises
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Viewpoint is a two-level series for adults and young adults, taking learners from a high intermediate to advanced level of proficiency (CEFR: B2 - C1). The course is based on research into the Cambridge English Corpus, so it teaches English as it is really used. - Extensive corpus research ensures natural language is presented and practiced in authentic contexts. - Engaging writing tasks with explicit goals prepare learners to succeed in professional and academic writing. - Vocabulary-learning strategies encourage learner independence. - Tips to avoid common errors teach learners to use English accurately. The course is written by the same author team that produced the ground-breaking Touchstone series, a four-level series that takes students from beginner to intermediate levels (CEFR: A1 - B2).
Автор(ы): Кузьменкова Юлия Борисовна Издательство: ИД Сказочная дорога, 2015 г.
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Данный курс, ориентированный на практику англоязычного академического общения, содержит большое количество тематически организованных речевых оборотов, характерных для современного научного дискурса, и тренировочных заданий, нацеленных на развитие навыков научного письма и устной презентации. Он предназначен для студентов старших курсов, занимающихся написанием проектов на английском языке, аспирантов и научных работников, которым потребуется представить результаты своих исследований англоговорящей аудитории в устной форме - на международных конференциях или письменно - при подготовке материалов к публикации в зарубежном издании. Имеющийся учебный материал может быть также полезен при обучении написанию любого научного текста. Ключевые слова: англоязычное научное общение, написание научных работ (статьи, обзоры, дипломы, диссертации) в международном формате, подготовка научного текста к публикации в зарубежном издании. The course provides a step-by-step method for students to write their academic project in the proper international for mat. It is intended for undergraduates and also for post-graduates who work on candidate dissertations and need to discuss the results of their research in English or get materials ready to be published. The course focuses largely on developing skills of academic writing and oral presentation - though the materials presented can be used for writing any type of an academic text. Keywords: academic skills, project proposal, writing an academic paper (diploma, thesis, dissertation), publications in the international format, oral presentation.
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Objective First Fourth Edition is official preparation for the revised Cambridge English: First exam, also known as First Certificate in English (FCE). It has been fully updated in line with the revised exam. The Workbook with answers with Audio CD provides opportunities for further practice of new language and skills either at home or in the classroom. It includes an exam-style listening exercise every other unit. Key features of the Objective First course: Vocabulary sections informed by the English Vocabulary Profile, part of the English Profile project, ensure that students learn the words and meanings they require at B2 level. A student's CD-ROM provides extra practice of language and topics covered in the Student's Book, and includes wordlists which may be used either with or without definitions. 24 units, each focusing on a different stimulating topic, make preparing for Cambridge English: First a manageable task. Complete Cambridge English: First practice tests are available online. Regular Exam Folders provide systematic exam preparation and practice, covering each paper in detail. Writing Folders every two units give practice in writing skills and exam technique for the range of skills needed for Paper 2. Corpus Spots use examples from the Cambridge Learner Corpus to highlight common learner errors and train students to avoid them.