Communism And Marx Essay Research Paper Volumes

Communism And Marx Essay, Research Paper

Volumes and volumes could be written about communism, but in fact, the actual

Communist Manifesto is a mere forty pages. Karl Marx, the principal former of

communism as we know it now, later wrote many books fulfilling the outline or

skeleton of communism, which is the Communist Manifesto. Communism cannot be

summed up in one sentence, but it can be summed up in ten main ideas, sort of

like the Ten Commandments of true communism. We know communism did not work,

because of one main reason: it defies human nature and human rights. Although

communism in different countries and years might differ, the following is an

outline of what is done to have a communist government as described in length in

the Communist Manifesto: 1. All private property has to be annihilated and

turned into public property. This means that all property will go to the

government (who knows how greedily they will use it) and distributed fairly

within all the masses. Later on this part also included food, clothes and

personal items to be distributed evenly in rations like the property was, but

Marx did not say this in his manifesto. 2. A large progressive income tax. This

made it so that everyone receives almost the same income; of course this does

not include the aristocracy, which Marx was not thinking of?or was he? 3. This

one is simple: abolition of right of inheritance. Basically the money goes to

the government once again and they are suppose to use it to benefit the country.

4. Property of emigrants and rebels is taken away, and sent to the government

who are meant to use it for the benefit of the country. 5. All of the people?s

money in the country is in one national bank and in the hands of the state. Who

knows what might happen to the money in the bank? 6. Communication and

transportation is in the hands of the state. This basically means no free

speech; the government takes the right to censor any publications and thoughts,

like ones against the government. Marx would not be able to write this manifesto

without this right. It also means that the state will censor where you go and

leaving the country, like in bad times. 7. Basically what Marx meant here, is

that there is always improvement and progress agriculturally, and that

agriculture and farming should be very important. This happens in a normal

country, but I think Marx is trying to get people on his side (like our

president does often instead of just improving the country, it is basically

doing things to make certain people happy). Marx might also be just a little

WACO. 8. All men have to work, and establishment of industrial armies. Even Marx

himself noted that laziness might overtake the populous, but he then said that

they would be able to undertake the laziness and become better people. Marx

obviously does not understand human nature. 9. The destruction or abolition of

the distinction between town and country by a combination of agriculture and

manufacturing industries and, also by evenly distributing the population across

the country. There is one problem here, for instance, the people living in

Siberia might revolt on this matter because of the unfavorable location that

they have to live in. The point of this is to help make fewer conflicts between

townsmen and countrymen. 10. Free education in public schools and elimination of

child labor. When learning in school, you also learn about industrial

production. This means that while learning normal school stuff, you also learn

an occupation. When all this is done in every civilized country and it is

running smoothly (yeah right) ?WORKING MEN OF ALL COUNTRIES, UNITE!? (Then,

after all this is completed we have a perfect world or Utopia, just what Marx

wanted, but life is about conflicts and problems) There are many flaws and

problems considering human nature and human rights in Marx?s Communist

Manifesto. First of all, a Utopian society is impossible and it is just a dream

by Thomas Moore. To think that one day we would reach Utopia is ridiculous, part

of human life is conflicts, or what would life be, the Brady Bunch. First,

people like to own their own property and not have share it with the world. They

also like having their own family contrary to whatever Marx says about have one

big universal family because the only point of a family is for reproduction.

Second, the reason people work, is to earn a living. What do they earn in a

communist society-the right to share their life and existence with the rest of

the nation? People are lazy; Marx obviously does not understand this because

everything was always given to him one way or another him. Third, numbers three

through five (government takes money and land from inheritance, emigrants,

rebels and money in national bank) all have to do with the government taking the

people?s money and using it for their benefit instead of helping the country

like how Marx wanted it to happen. Fourth, in number six, Marx denies himself

the right of free speech, freedom and transportation in communism. Marx was

kindheartedly trying to help the poor and working class and it is unfortunate

that such an influential person was so misinformed. I do not understand why

people listened and followed Marx. People listen to a man who does know much

about history or does not look back to events in time. He was a member of the

Bourgeoisie in Germany (mainly because his good friends Engles supported him)

who barely worked a day in his life except a job as a journalist for very little

of his life. He spent most of his time inside and did not see how humans worked,

in the streets and markets etc. Marx clearly did not understand human nature and

the rights that were given to humans when they were born. Some of these are the

rights of freedom, ownership of property and to work harder and get more-like

Capitalists, not Communists. Human nature includes striving to be the best if

something is at stake and being lazy when there is no incentive. Marx?s whole

manifesto shows a man who does not know a thing about human nature and any man

who followed him either also did not have a clue about human nature, or was very

selfish and wanted to become dictator of all the masses. Communism is unlike

socialism in Europe in the 19th century because Socialism then was supposedly,

to help the proletariat (working class), but in the end benefits the bourgeoisie

(middle class: lawyer, banker, shopkeeper, etc.). Socialism benefits the

bourgeois by taking the grudge away from the working class against the bourgeois

and makes a barely higher income tax and kind of tricks the working class into

thinking that socialism is helping them. Communism is made for the working

class. Any rich man like Friedrich Engles (Karl Marx?s only long-turn and best

friend) is either a hypocrite or a very kind person trying to help poor humans.

If Engles were not a hypocrite in communism, his money would go straight to the

government and leave him with the same wealth as a factory worker even though he

might work much harder. Engles is kind of like Ted Turner because both are rich

and favoring a government for the poor and working class. If the left-wing had a

revolution and won, Ted Turner would lose a lot of money because of heavy income

taxes and having to pay workers who did not even work for him anymore, and I?m

sure he is not for that. Ted Turner might want to be the government in a

socialist country and maybe having Jane Fonda as his secretary, but not as a

normal businessman. One of the main problems that defies human nature is that

someone will always want to be the ruler or leader and in this case, the

government would take all the average non-aristocratic people?s money and

become very rich and form the two classes of a communist society. The first is

the bourgeoisie and the workers, who make the same pay and second, the

aristocracy or government. They take the people?s money and use it for

themselves, which destroys the economy. In the end, the government looks almost

like feudalism again. First, there is the dictator or king, and under him his

nobles and vassals, which are the rest of the government workers, who are also

aristocracy. Finally there are the peasants, workers, businessmen who are all

equal and have no class struggles anymore and hardly realizes what just

happened; both bourgeoisie and the workers are equal but now they lost there

money and fair lives to the aristocracy, who are taking all their money. Take

Russia for example; in the end the country is in shambles and there are a few

very rich and greedy people and all the rest are practically starving. Karl Marx

had based his ideas and thoughts around those of Hegel and the Hegelian dialect,

Sismondi, Babeuf, Saint-Simon, Robert Owen and Thomas Moore. These predecessors

influenced Marx as he has influenced his disciples. This might be an extreme

idea, but maybe all along Karl Marx had a plan to become absolute monarch or

dictator with his background and belief in his predecessors. His manifesto takes

freedom and free speech away from the people and also limits their travel, just

so the dictator or Marx could have full, control, sort of like Iraq with Sudan

Housaine. Many editions were printed out of The Communist Manifesto in the 19th

century in different languages. Each one instigated new revolts, which most of

the time were not very successful but started compromises for the working class.

Some of today?s unions are based upon the ideas in the Communist Manifesto,

because of course communism was for the working class. Even though communism

does not exist in any countries any more except a few Oriental countries, it has

helped and inspired many forms of working alliances like the Farmers Alliance,

the National Grange and things like cooperatives. The Manifesto has inspired

much corruption, but at the same time has also helped us, but the bottom line is

that some of the ideas are against human nature and rights and human nature is

not communism, but capitalism.


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