Adp Security Evaluation Essay Research Paper Valuation

Adp Security Evaluation Essay, Research Paper

Valuation of a Security

Automatic Data Processing, Inc.


April 7, 1999

Spring Hill College

Management of Financial Resources

Dr. Ralph Sandler

ADP ? Automatic Data Processing, Inc. (NYSE:AUD)

ADP is one of the largest independent computing services firms in the world with more than $4.5 billion in annual revenues and more than 425,000 clients. Founded in 1949, ADP provides computerized transaction processing, data communications, software, and information services to companies in virtually every industry. ADP Employer Services is the world?s largest provider of payroll services and human resource administration systems. It offers a comprehensive range of benefits, payroll and business tax deposit and reporting, time and attendance, 401(k) recordkeeping, and unemployment compensation and management services.

In addition, ADP provides securities transaction processing and investor communications services to the brokerage and financial communities, industry-specific computing and consulting services to auto and truck dealers, and computerized, automated auto-repair estimating and auto parts availability services to the auto-repair industry.

I picked ADP to analyze because their Dealers Services Group is a major player in the same industry as the company I work for, ABMC, Inc., Automotive Business Management Consultants, Inc. Computerized automated management for auto and truck dealers is big business, and there is stiff competition for dealer?s business. Because of ADP?s size and diverse corporate structure, it is difficult to make comparisons with ABMC, Inc. We are still very small with only 38 employees and about 1,000 dealers. In addition, ABMC, Inc. is still privately owned with no outstanding security issues. Automotive related software is our only business as well. ADP is quite diversified and their Dealer Service Group provides only 15% of the company?s total revenue.

Over 18,000 auto and truck dealers in the United States, Canada, Europe, Asia, and Latin America use ADP?s on-site systems and communications networks to manage virtually every are of operations. From parts sales, to repair service, to new vehicle to sales to bookkeeping. ADP systems and services target every aspect of the auto dealership.

Earning Growth

ADP has a remarkable record of earning growth. In July of 1996 it was published that ?ADP is the only public company in the nation to achieve consistent, record growth in earning and revenue for 139 quarters, nearly 35 years.? Well, they have now reported 150 consecutive quarters of record sales and earnings. That?s 37 straight years of double-digit earnings per share growth. In just the past four years the earnings per share has grown at an average rate of 14%. Not only do analysists expect ADP shares to continue to perform, but the prediction is for the shares to actually outperform the market in the coming months.

Total revenue and net earnings have also steadily climbed for ADP. In the September 14, 1998 listing of VARBusiness? Top 100 Stocks, ADP ranked 44th based on an average annual return of 22.0%. Two stiff competitors in the Dealer Services business, Reynolds & Reynolds and EDS ranked 46th and 57th, respectively.

ADP stock carries Value Line?s highest safety ranking. Their high recurring revenue stream, predictable interest income, and low exposure to foreign markets makes it an excellent portfolio holding.

Quality of Management

Much can be said about ADP?s management as well. An October 1997 article in Sales & Marketing Management noted ADP?s sales-oriented culture, and gave their management praise for continually making strategic changes to improve efficiency. Weekly sales meetings at regional offices are designed to recognize and reward high achievers, as well as motivate sales personnel lagging behind. Wild applause and standing ovations are commonplace at these events. Upbeat music plays and high-fives abound, as employees share in camaraderie not often found in the workplace.

According to stock analyst James A. Meyer, ?This company is so well managed that it?s the envy of everyone on Wall Street.? Meyer went on to say, ??ADP manages resources prudently. All things being equal, far fewer people get far more done at ADP than at the average American corporation. That?s because it?s decentralized.? ADP?s theory rests in not making something complicated that isn?t. Employees in the field report to management; management doesn?t try to micromanage every little aspect of the company.

ADP has had over 150 acquisitions since it?s inception. Added all up, though, and it doesn?t account for 25% of the company today. According to former CEO Josh Weston, ADP?s mission has not been to instantly grow the company. His theory is, ??anytime that you can accelerate the accomplishment of a program you want to do anyway by getting a kick start through an acquisition, you get there faster.? When new product and market ideas are developed, ADP management always examines whether they can get there faster through a reasonably priced acquisition.

Competitive Structure of Industry

The Computer and Data Services industry is competitive. Companies such as America Online, Dun & Bradstreet, EDS, National Data Corp., CSG Systems, Intl., Paychex, Inc. and First Data Corporation all compete for similar business. The investment outlook for this industry is positive. Corporations are increasingly outsourcing data-processing tasks to eliminate expenses associated with maintaining in-house computer systems. With the ?Year 2000? problem at the forefront of people?s minds, data service companies such as ADP, which are prepared for the turn of the century, will undoubtedly be fighting for the small business revenues available and a greater market visibility. Great things are projected to come.

Fortune Magazine just named ADP the ?Most Admired? corporation in the Computer and Data Services industry. Senior executives, outside directors, and financial security analysts for the industry ranked companies on a variety of criteria including quality of management, quality of products, innovativeness, use of assets, and social responsibility. ADP ranked in the top 20% of the 469 Fortune 1,000 companies and also received high marks for its investment value (ranked 25 out of 469), financial soundness (ranked 20 out of 469), and use of assets (ranked 57 out of 469). According to Fortune, the list of Most Admired Companies is the definitive report card on corporate reputations.

Public Policy Issues

There are no major public policy issues facing ADP specifically. However, being a leader in the data computing and communications industry, concerns about data security are present now more than ever. The increased use of personal computer technology has led to wonderful advancements in both the business and private sector. The Internet provides a place for communication, information research, entertainment, and, yes, even sales and marketing.

ADP generates payroll checks for over 26 million workers. That is an awful lot of sensitive employee and employer information business are sharing with ADP. It has been and will continue to be of great public concern that ADP utilize and maintain this information strictly for the purposes set forth in the agreement made with the customer.

Required Rate of Return

ADP?s required rate of return using the 30-year Treasury Bond rate found in the Wall Street Journal on March 26, 1999 as the risk free rate, a historical risk premium of 6.5%, and ADP?s beta of .95 found in Value Line is 11.755%.

risk free rate + market risk premium ( stock beta )

5.58% + 6.50% ( .95 )


The Value Line beta estimate of ADP?s stock is .95, indicating a corporate volatility slightly less than that of the stock market.

Dividend Growth Rate

The estimated constant growth rate of ADP is 17.0%. This rate is determined by multiplying the ROE of 23.0% times one minus the payout rate of 26.0%.

Since the estimated constant growth rate is greater than the required rate of return, the Gordon Model cannot be used to estimate the price of the stock. If this model were used, the result would be an infinite stock price. Since no company is worth an infinite amount of money, it is impossible to have a constant growth rate that is greater than the required rate of return. In these situations, to find the present value of a stock under what is considered a super normal growth period, follow the steps below.

? find the dividends expected during the supernormal growth period

? find the price of the stock at the end of the supernormal growth period

? discount the dividends and the projected price back to the present

? sum these present values to find the current value of the stock.

Dividend Growth Rate

From Value Line 1999 Dividend Declared $ 0.30

2002 Estimated Dividend $ 0.45

with a financial calculator, PV -0.30

FV 0.45

N 3

I/YR 14.47% estimated dividend growth rate

Estimated Dividends: 1999 $0.30

2000 $0.3435 (0.30 x 1.1447)

2001 $0.3933 (0.3435 x 1.1447)

2002 $0.45

Value of Common Stock

Based on the calculation steps described above, I have determined the present value price of ADP?s stock to be $26.69. This is lower than the NYSE closing price $39.375 on Friday, March 26, 1999 as reported by the Wall Street Journal.

The estimated price of the stock at the end of the supernormal growth period is $39.90, calculated as the Earnings per Share of $1.90 times the Price Earning Ratio of 21.0.

Using a financial calculator, discount each expected FV dividend to the present using the required rate of return. The sum of these present values, and the PV of the estimated value of the stock at the end of the supernormal dividend growth period is the current stock price.

1999 2000 2001 2002

FV .30 .3435 .3933 .45 + 39.90

N 1 2 3 4

I/YR 11.755 11.755 11.755 11.755

PV .268 .275 .282 25.869 $26.69

This difference between my price of $26.69 and the NYSE closing price of $39.375 on March 26, 1999 is most likely related to investor expectations about the future of the stock compared to the projected figures reported in ValueLine. The stock is selling for a premium, in essence, which indicates that investors feel the expected return and benefits of holding ADP stock are greater than available in other securities available. With the turn of the century rapidly approaching, investors may be looking for stocks with proven track records. (Over 37 years of double-digit earnings per share growth isn?t too shabby!)

In February of this year ADP sold Peachtree Software, an accounting software package for small business, to Sage Software, Inc. This sale of close to $145 million dollars occurred after the ValueLine publication I used in this security analysis. This sale could very well have caused the current trading price of ADP stock to rise well above the price I calculated.

Sensitivity Analysis

Slight changes in either the stock?s beta or the risk free rate make only small changes in the stock?s price. If the 30-year Treasury bond rate were 6.5%, the stock?s cost of capital changes to 12.675% and the price of the stock falls to $25.84. If we raise ADP?s beta to just over the market level to 1.05 the price of the stock becomes $26.09.

With proven management and earnings records, ADP, Inc. is a wise investment. Despite changes in the market and the U.S. and world economy, ADP has maintained positive growth over more than a quarter of a century. Their market share in the data processing and integrated payroll services industry is unmatched. They have mastered the business of human resources and personnel administration services and it is paying off. Approximately 57% of company revenues come from this division. ADP?s diversification into brokerage services and dealer and claim services helps to stabilize any market and corporate fluctuations.

Business Wire. ?ADP Earns Top Honors From Fortune Magazine.? February 16, 1999.

Dowling, Debra. ?Roseland, N.J., Company Envy of Wall Street.? Knight-Ridder/Tribune

Business News, July 12, 1996 p7120344

Rasmusson, Erika. ?ADP (Automatic Data Processing Inc.?s Sales Strategies.? Sales & Marketing

Management, Oct 1997 v149 n10 p54(1).

ValueLine. 1999.

VARBusiness. ?The Top 100 Stocks ? Best of Publicly Traded Firms Among the VAR 500,

Distribution 50 and retailers.? September 14, 1998.

Wernle, Bradford. ?Manheim, ADP Team Up On Used Cars.? Automotive News, Sept. 22, 1997

n5732 p50(1).


Business Wire. ?ADP Earns Top Honors From Fortune Magazine.? February 16, 1999.

Dowling, Debra. ?Roseland, N.J., Company Envy of Wall Street.? Knight-Ridder/Tribune

Business News, July 12, 1996 p7120344

Rasmusson, Erika. ?ADP (Automatic Data Processing Inc.?s Sales Strategies.? Sales & Marketing

Management, Oct 1997 v149 n10 p54(1).

ValueLine. 1999.

VARBusiness. ?The Top 100 Stocks ? Best of Publicly Traded Firms Among the VAR 500,

Distribution 50 and retailers.? September 14, 1998.

Wernle, Bradford. ?Manheim, ADP Team Up On Used Cars.? Automotive News, Sept. 22, 1997

n5732 p50(1).


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