Revolutions Of 1848 Essay, Research Paper
The Revolutions of 1848 were a series of political and economic
revolts that took place in Europe because of a recession and
abuse of political power. The participants in the revolutions
were the Poles, Danes, Germans, Italians, Czechs, Slovaks,
Slovaks, Hungarians, Croats, and the Romanians. The
Revolutions of 1848 did change that countries government but
the changes didn’t last long. Although the changes didn’t last
long the revolutions did demonstrate that people could
undermine the government, and create liberalism & socialism.
The Revolutions first started out in France 1848 where the
people wanted universal suffrage which was led by Louis Blanc.
King Louis Philippe was overthrown and Louis Blanc’s
revolution established the second republic. The February
revolution in France gave ideas to other countries in Europe
which in turn started other revolutions. The February revolution
in France also gave to Liberals in the German states the idea to
make a proposal for a unified German country with a national
parliament. But the old order was restored because the
provisional government couldn’t decide on a constitution for the
new government. The Italian states of Europe also had a
revolution which made Pope Pius IX flee Italy. This gave a leader
of unification, Gieuseppe Mazzini the chance to unify Italy. This
plot of Mazzini was a failure because of the Italians
overwhelming protectiveness of their independence.
Within the Austrian Empire there was increased Nationalism
among the Czechs, Hungarians, Germans, and other groups.
This increased Nationalism in March of 1848 led to riots and the
ousting of Prince Klemens von Metternich and Ferdinand I, the
Emperor of Hapsburg. This led to the making of a constituent
assembly which freed the peasantry. In Hungary, which was
under Austrian rule, Lajos Kossuth took control of the crumbling
government and gave all of the Hungarian lands freedom. But
once again the inevitable happens this plot was beat down.