Roman Essay, Research Paper
Romans believed it was their devine mission to rule nations and people. Italy possessed vast lands of agricultural land which enabled it to support a large population. Rome had the best of both worlds located 18 miles inland on the Tiber river, Rome had access to the sea, but were far enough inland to protect itself from intruders. Rome was centralized in Italy where it could easily expand from the center outward. Italy had great fertile lands beginning in the North at Po Valley to central Rome and south to Campania. Rome was the crossing point for north south traffic which provided trade opportunity along with having close access to the waterways. Romans had a practical sense of strategy. As they conquered they settled their people in new communities covering strategic locations. They then built roads connecting their new acclaimed settlements. The key to strength was their ability to control by connecting their newly acquired lands.
George Washington and Lucius Quinctius Cinncinatus both were farmers and loved working the land. Both were were known for their selfless devotion to their country in times of crisis. Cincinnatus was chosen in Rome as Dicator in 457 BE to defend Rome against the attacks of the Aequi. Cincinnatus was able to defeat the Aequi in 15 days then resigned his post and returned to his farming. Washington was given full power and authority by Congress to act and think as he would see best for the good and welfare of the service. He stood for duty, sacrifice and honor. Both were known for their ability to lead, their honorability and character.
Gaius Julius Caesar was born on the 13th day of Quinctilis (later renamed July), 100 (all dates are BC) to Gaius Julius Caesar and Aurelia. He was born and grew up in the Subura District of Rome, in the very midst of the Populus Romanus. This cosmopolitan upbringing allowed him to move with equal ease among all layers of society, a skill which would be invaluable in his later political career.
From birth, there seems to have existed a strong emotional attachment between mother and son. Caesar’s father died in Pisa in 85 while away on military duty and it is possible that he was around much during Caesar’s youth. Not only was Caesar an only son, but from his youth he suffered from epilepsy, a condition which often broke out at the most inopportune moments. In the absence of his father, Caesar’s upbringing would most likely have been placed in the hands of his uncle, Gaius Aurelius Cotta. To judge from his subsequent career, it would also appear he was close to the household of his fathers sister, Julia, and her husband, Gaius Marius
At the time of his birth, Rome was still a republic and the empire was only really beginning. The senators ruled, motivated by the greed of power in the hope of becoming either a consul or a praetor, the two senior posts which carried imperium, the legal right to command an army.
Caesar made his way to praetorship by 62 BC and many of the senate felt him a dangerous, ambitious man. Because of this, they deprived him of a triumph after his command in Spain (61-60 BC) and they also did their best to keep
him out of consulship. He finally became consul in 59 BC.
Because of Pompey, to become a leading person in Roman Politics you had to have more than just an ordinary triumph. It was because of this that Caesar, during his consulship, pushed through a special law giving him a five-year command in Cispine Gaul and Illyricum, both provinces in the empire covering North Italy and the Adriatic coast of Yugoslavia. Caesar saw this as a great opportunity to extend the empire either into Gaul or in the Balkins. While in Gaul, the most important section of the Roman Army, positioned at the German border, was under his control.He was a brilliant military leader and lead many campaigns:
58 BC -The Helvetic Campaign
57 BC -The Belgic Campaign
56 BC -The Venetic Campaign
55 BC -The German Campaign
54 BC -The British Campaign
Caesar wrote about all the campaigns and sent the books to Rome so people
knew and remembered his name and to get high public and political acclaim which he did accomplish. He took his troops across the River Rubicon and in doing so declared civil war on the state and Pompey. Pompey failed to stop him and fled to Egypt while Caesar entered Rome in triumph as Dictator.
In his ambition and quest for glory, Caesar was no different from the average Roman noble of his time, nor in his willingness to put his own honor above the safety of the state. Though he could be brutal and ruthless at need, he tended by nature toward clemency and generosity. Though not all his appointments to provincial governorship were of high quality, it is known that several appointees where chosen specifically for their incorruptibility and humanity, especially for the much ravaged eastern provinces
He was assassinated by a group of senators, possibly in support of Pompey or possibly for some gain of their own, on the Ides of March 44 BC,below a statue of Pompey.
Christianity Judaism Islam
Figures of Saints Star of David, Manora
Pope wears Scull Yamaka
Cap and Robes
Good Friday/Last Supper Passover
Ten Commandments Ten Commandments
Father, Son, Holy Ghost Holy Test laws of Life
Jesus is the son of God God created only Judaism
Jesus rose from the dead Jesus did not rise from the dead
Priests, Pope, Nuns, Rabbi
Day of Rest is Sunday Day of Rest is Saturday
Virgin Mary Nonbelief that Mary was a virgin