Economy Of Italy Essay, Research Paper
Location and Population
Italy, is a boot shaped country in south-south eastern Europe. Italy, also known as
the Italian Republic, is one of the seven most industrialized countries in the world. This
lineup includes: United States, Russia, Germany, England, Japan, China and Italy. Italy is
about the size of North Carolina and it has a population of around thirty-seven million
people as of 1991. An interesting fact about the population of Italy is that it is neither
growing nor shrinking. During the last decade, Italy’s population hasn’t exceeded a .9%
increase or decrease in population. Of the 37 million inhabitants of Italy, many work as
farmers, and factory workers.
The climate of Italy is mild. Along the coastal areas, there is a long hot summer,
with a short mild, and windy winter. Italy much of the time is cold and wet especially in
the winter. The yearly average temperature is 40 degrees.
Italy is a highly productive and industrialized country. Some main industries are as
follows: food, mining, and manufacturing. Starting with food, is probley Italy’s most
recognizable industry. Italians are known for producing a fine, fresh meal, with much care
taken to top quality ingredients. Italians grow the world’s best olive trees. That is why
much of the world’s olive oil is exported from Italy. Half of Italy’s farmland is occupied by
grapes. Much of the world’s finest vine comes from the vineyards of Italy. Since Italy is
on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea,very good fishing results. Tomatoes, soybean, and
other vegetables are also grown in Italy. Italy is also a successful mining nation. Mining
includes: stone, marble, sulfur, mercury, natural gas, and limestone. Italy has a large
abundance of limestone and marble, as most structures remain from Rome’s glory years.
These resources are non-renewable, since they cannot be replenished. Others, mentioned
before such as tomatoes, olive and grapes are renewable resources of Italy.
Another important industry of Italy is manufacturing. Italy produces a wide
abundance of chemicals, textiles and machines. Italy is the world’s top developer in
clothing. Top designers such as Armani, and Valentino are among the most prestigious
names in the clothing industry. The world’s best cars are produced in Italy. Ferrari, which
is based in Marenello Italy is the world’s best automaker. Also included in Italy’s
manufacturing system is Fiat, Lamborghini and Maserati. Italy is also Europe’s largest tire
maker. Pirelli Tyre Co. makes the finest tires in the world. Italy is also one of the world’s
largest railroad car and track manufacturer. Italy exports 36% more goods than what is
imported in to the country.
Some interesting facts on Italy is that it is 116,300 square miles. That makes it a
fairy large country for Europe. The average length of life in Italy is seventy-three for men,
and seventy-nine for women. Italy was once under the dictatorship of Benito Mussolini,
the Italian dictator with ties to Adolf Hitler. The crime rate is fairly low in Italy, but an
organized crime group called the “Mafia” has led an underground life of crime. Some
Italian Mafia “bosses” conduct business in America. In Italian lifestyles, and they also have
a different way of eating. If you are invited to eat at somebody’s house, you must finish
the meal. Otherwise you are considered rude.
I feel Italy has a moderate command economy because while the government does have
much control over what can be traded, the citizens have an abundance of ways to produce
their own goods. This allows for a lot of small business entrepreneurs, and keeps the
economy not so controlled by government.
-Social Structure in Italy: Crisis of a System, Acquaviva, Santino, and Santuccio,
-World in View, Italy, Barbara Walsh Angelillo 1991 Steck-Vaughn Co.