Criminal Justice Essay Research Paper The two

Criminal Justice Essay, Research Paper

The two vehicle stops were made for different reasons. The first vehicle, the

white Toyota Camry, was stopped because it fit the description of a vehicle that

was just used in a bank robbery. This gives the police probable cause that the

vehicle contains evidence of criminal activity. According to Carroll v. United

States that is sufficient reasoning for a stop (211). The second vehicle had the

driver?s side brake light out. This is sufficient cause to pull the vehicle

over because that is a traffic violation. ?In Whren v. United States, the

Supreme Court ruled that the true motivation of police officers in making

traffic stops was irrelevant as long as they had probable cause to believe that

a traffic law had been broken (211).? I feel that both stops were justified

and neither violated the rights of the suspects. Fitting the description of

suspects and being in the general vicinity of the crime is adequate evidence to

pull a vehicle over and check out the situation. The second stop was made

because the driver had violated a traffic code. Since the vehicle is breaking

this law the police have the right to pull over that vehicle. The officers even

took the vehicle to the station to obtain a search warrant when the suspect

objected. Both stops were done in a legal manner. The warrant less search of the

white Toyota Camry was justified because the suspect did not say no when the

officer asked to search the vehicle. The officer did not come right out and ask

if he could search the trunk, but the suspect never objected. Instead the

suspect begins to not cooperate which leads to more suspicion. The behavior of

the suspects and the fact that neither suspects objected to the search is reason

enough to for a warrant less search. If the suspects in the white Toyota Camry

had been advised of their Miranda rights before the search of their vehicle then

the police would have had to obtain a search warrant. But by denying the police

the right to search your vehicle is almost implying guilt in itself. I think the

only difference getting a search warrant would have done is prolonged the police

finding the evidence in the trunk. Either way I think the situation would result

in the police finding the rifle and the suspects getting arrested. If the

officers had opened the trunk and found no evidence of the robbery then I think

they could only take the suspects in for questioning. Since this questioning

would be in an accusatory manner then the suspects would need to be advised of

their Miranda rights. If the suspects exercised their right to an attorney then

they would be advised to keep their mouths shut. Without evidence to incriminate

the suspects then the suspects would be released and probably questioned again

later. With the only basis for charging being that the suspects and their

vehicle fit the description of those in a robbery then in all likelihood the

suspects would not be charged.


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