Problems Caused By Air Pollution Essay, Research Paper
Problems Caused By Air Pollution
Some people think that air pollution is not harming the earth or the
people, but it is doing worse, by killing the earth and getting people sick.
“Air pollutants,” according to Gay, “are known to cause respiratory diseases,
cancer, and other serious illnesses” (12). Air pollution not only threatens the
health and life of humans but also causes damage to the environment (Gay 13).
First, air pollution causes a great deal of health problems. Wanting
clean air is a good reason because air that is polluted can damage human health
(Edelson 25). In the United States many health problems have occurred because
of air pollution. According to Sproull, “For more than a decade, local
residents in the tri-state valley bounded by Kentucky, Ohio, and West Virginia
have claimed to suffer from health problems, including rashes, respiratory
problems and even cancers” (D4). In 1948, in the industrial town of Donora,
Pennsylvania, which sits in a valley, had twenty deaths, and nearly 6,000
residents, or 40% of the population, suffered respiratory problems (Edelson 25,
26). New York experienced several killer smogs, which in a later analysis
attributed, from the usually severe pollution, 58 deaths (Edelson 26). Not only
in the United States are health problems caused by air pollution showing up, but
they are also showing up in other parts of the world, like Europe. In 1930, in
Belgium’s Meuse River valley, a major industrial region, where the primary fuel
was coal reported sixty deaths, and about 6,000 residents of the valley became
ill with breathing problems and respiratory infections (Edelson 25). In
December 1952, the toll was huge in London from the infamous smog, which caused
up to 4,000 deaths, when levels of sulfur oxides and particulates rose above
normal (Edelson 26). Air pollution also increased deaths from chronic lung
disease in the United States. “Although statistics on the physical effects of
air pollution are not easily calculated,” according to Edelson, “an alarming
related statistic is that between 1970 and 1986, deaths in the United States
from chronic lung disease rose 36%” (35). Air pollution has cost a great deal
of money on health care in the United States. In terms of health care and lost
productivity, the costs of air pollution in the United States alone have been
estimated at more than $100 billion (Edelson 35). Another cost air pollution
has caused is human life, which is incalculable (Edelson 35). Air pollution
causes many health problems that lead to death.
Also, air pollution causes a great deal of damage to the environment and
property. Lot of air pollution creates acid rain, which deteriorates things.
Acid rain began to emerge as a serious problem in the late 1960’s, when a
decline in fish population was noticed by scientists in Scandinavia (Edelson 37).
In the 1970’s, a number of studies related the declining of fish stocks and
forest damage to acid rain from industrialized and urban areas, often hundreds
of miles away (Edelson 37-8). Thousands of lakes and streams, across the
northeastern part of the United States and the mid-Atlantic states, in Canadian
provinces, in Scandinavian countries and in other parts of Europe, have acid
concentrations so high that aquatic food chains are destroyed, and fish die off
(Gay 26). Land is also destroyed by acid rain. In North American and European
forests, and tropical rainforests in Mexico and Central America, vast numbers of
red spruce, pine, fur, and other trees wither and die (Gay 26). Acid rain also
destroys world-famous structures such as the Taj Mahal, the Statue of Liberty,
the Parthenon, and ancient Mayan ruins (Gay 26). Fresh paint on buildings and
new cars fades quickly due to acid rain (Gay 26). Acid rain may also be
damaging crops (Edelson 42). Dust settling, from nearby dust sources, also
cause damage to crops (Sproull 111). Visible damage is cause by such heavy
dustfall to pine trees, alfalfa, cherry trees, beans, oats, and citrus trees
(Sproull 111). Concentrations as low as only a few micrograms per cubic meter
of “fluorides” injure various plants (Sproull 112). Dusts of aluminum fluoride,
cryolite, calcium fluoride, and apatite, and such gases as hydrogen fluoride,
silicon tetrafluoride, carbon tetrafluoride, and fluorine are all included as
fluorides (Sproull 112). Trees are dying because of air pollution. The German
Ministry of Food, Agriculture, and Forestry say that the primary cause of damage
to more than half of forested regions of West Germany in 1988 was air pollution
(Edelson 37). Ponderosa pine forests have been severely damaged by air
pollution (Sproull 111). Artwork and history is being erased as air pollution
causes them to deteriorate (Edelson 45). The Mellon Institute had study of
economic losses in Pittsburgh in 1912-13 due to air pollution, indicated annual
losses about $10 or $20 million per person (Sproull 46-7). Air pollution is
killing the environment and property.
In conclusion, air pollution is killing the earth and its people. In
order to stop the killing of the earth and its people by air pollution, the
people must become involved. A recent strategy that has been suggested for
individual action is “green consuming” or buying “green” products (Gay 120-21).
Green consuming is buying or using goods and services that do not harm the air,
water, or land (Gay 121). Even though a large majority of Americans refuse to
buy products or pay for services that contribute to environmental problems,
people should still get involved (Gay 121). In order to save energy to save the
earth, people should do the following:
– When the lights are not in use, turn them off.
– Instead of normal light bulbs, use compact fluorescent light bulbs.
– On a short trip, walk or ride a bike.
– Whenever possible, use public transportation.
– To conserve heat or air conditioning, close off unused rooms.
– To save fuel, adjust thermostat a few degrees lower for heating and
higher for cooling.
– For better efficiency, clean furnace and air condition filters.
– Only when full, run the dishwasher, washer, and dryer. (Gay 115)
There is no excuse, for not becoming involved to stop air pollution. Many
scientists predict that the temperature of the earth will rise because of global
warming (Edelson 87). Some scientists already believe that the earth is already
warming (Edelson 87). If people do not become involved the earth will not be
suitable enough to live on in the future, and there might not be anybody left
for the future.