Buddha And Buddhism Essay, Research Paper
Meeting Islam’s Challenge:
The 5 Pillars of Islam
The Quran is the book of guidance as revealed to the prophet Muhammad. It is the main source of
guidance for Muslims. The word Quran means that which should be read. It was revealed in Arabic. It
has been translated into many languages, but is still read in Arabic to retain its true meaning.
The Hadith are the collection of the prophet Muhammad’s sayings. These are the second source of guidance
for Muslims. The word Hadith means saying. The prophet Muhammad was the living example of Islam, so
what he said is very important for Muslims.
The 5 Pillars of Islam
The statement of belief that “There is no god except Allah and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah”.
Prayer, worship of Allah. Muslims must perform salah 5 times a day. Before Salah, Muslims prepare
themselves by performing Wudu (Ablution) which involves cleaning the hands, face, arms, head and feet.
Why Muslims pray five times a day.
Salat-ul-Fajr Between the first light of dawn and sunrise
Salat-ul-Zuhr After Midday
Salat-ul-Isha From one and a half hours after sunset
Fasting from sunrise to sunset during the month of Ramadan. The Quran was revealed during this month.
Any days of fasting missed, because of health etc, should be made up after. Muslims can fast during other
days in the year, if they want to, but those are optional. The only days when Muslims are not allowed to fast
are the days of Id ul-Fitr and Id ul-Adha.
The fast in invalidated by :
Deliberate eating or drinking
Anything entering throught the nose or mouth.
Having any conjugal relations
The festival of Id ul-Fitr follows the month of fasting.
Making payment of 2.5% welfare tax on wealth.
Going, at least once in lifetime, on the pilgrimage to Makkah, if money and health permits. Performed during
the period 8th-13th Dhu’l Hijjah.
The Hajj involves the following rituals :
Putting on Ihram.
Going round Al-Kaabah seven times.
A fast walk between As-Safa and Al-Marwah.
Visiting and staying at Mina, Arafat and Muzdalifah.
Throwing pebbles at three fixed points in Mina.
Shaving or trimming hair.
Sacrificing an animal (camel, cow, goat or sheep).
The following restrictions are placed on the Muslims while wearing Ihram :
Can’t use perfume To help forget enjoyment of ordinary daily life
Can’t kill or harm animals To feel that everything belongs to Allah
Can’t break or uproot plants To suppress urge for aggression and feel love of nature
Can’t hunt To develop mercy
Can’t marry or take part in a wedding To forget normal life and think of the creator
Can’t do be dishonest or arrogant To behave like a servant of Allah
Can’t carry arms To give up aggressive attitude
Too bad Muslim s only act this ways when they wear Ihram!!! World peace would be the result!
Can’t have conjugal relations To forget worldly pleasures.