Evil Problem Essay Research Paper If it

Evil Problem Essay, Research Paper

?If it turns out that there is a God, I don’t think that he’s evil?the worst

that you can say about him is that basically he’s an underachiever.? -Woody

Allen The Problem of Evil From the viewpoint of theodicy, the problem of evil

lies in its origin: Does evil come from God? In spite of God? Using theodicy to

define evil is basically an attempt to affirm God?s omnipotence and his/her

love for humans, with the existence of evil and without contradiction. Depending

on your religious background, the weight each of these options carry may vary

greatly. A theologian may argue that evil is not a theoretical problem at all,

as for it to be a problem, one must question Gods? power, character, and/or

existence. To them, even asking the question is a sin. A theologian may also say

that evil is a practical truth, as it requires from us the courage to forgive

and to heal, or they might also hold the belief that to obtain moral perfection,

we must face challenges and overcome them. Other appeals often made by

theologians to explain evil might be: a sin is punished with suffering; having

free will enables us to make choices, either for good or for evil; and finally

that Satan is the cause of all evil. From the viewpoint of atheism, it is a

question of the existence of God. If God is all-powerful and all-knowing, then

evil must not exist apart from God. For it to do so under those criterion would

be impossible. This leads one to question the true power of God, and the true

good of God. If God is all good, and has the power to stop evil and does not,

then God must have a slightly nasty disposition, and therefore is not all good.

If God wishes to stop evil and cannot, then God is not all-powerful: he/she is

limited. Evil and the Original Sin The doctrine of original sin declares that

when Adam ate from the tree of knowledge, he became a moral being by knowing the

difference between good and evil, and having the free will to choose between

these two dichotomies. This Judeo-Christian story set in the Garden of Eden is

said to have great consequences on mankind. Since, according to the bible, Adam

is the original father (human being), the sin of Adam is inherited by all beings

born to this earthly domain, as we are claimed by the Judeo-Christian culture to

be descendants of Adam. When sin entered the world through the sin of Adam, all

of mankind became (spiritually) enslaved to sin: we are held in spiritual

bondage to sin and the devil. To explain natural evil from the view of the

original sin: we (mankind) are dependent on the proper function of our body, and

if something goes wrong, we are merely the victim, not the cause of the

disturbance to our bodies. We are only human. We cannot control nature, as that

is Gods? domain. Therefore, there is some external responsibility with evil To

explain moral evil from the view of the original sin: we have free will, and may

choose to use that will for good or for evil. Moral evil serves the purpose of

challenging our faith and forcing us to face our fears. This is ultimately how

one gets to heaven. We are given the freedom to make immoral or moral decisions,

and having that choice allows us to choose the road we wish to walk upon.

Therefore, there is all internal responsibility with sin. Evil and Soul Building

The soul building theodicy carries a strong hope for the future with its

ultimate destiny for mankind being a close relationship with God in an eternal

life.. Soul building ignores neither the arbitrary nor the excessive evil in our

world. This theodicy suggests that God desires personal relationships with men

and women; that God desires fellowship with humanity. It does not necessarily

allude to God desiring relationships with perfect people; rather a relationship

with mature people. According to the soul building theodicy, this maturity is

reached by withstanding the difficult (evil?) circumstances put before you. In

the soul building theodicy, there is an element of future hope. The reason for

this element of hope is that in the end, God will be able to use all that

happens in this world, good or evil, as part of God’s good purpose for this good

world. Evil and Atheism Perhaps the strongest atheistic argument concerns the

existence of evil, which is hard to reconcile with the notion that the world was

created by an omnipotent, all-loving God. The reason why the problem of evil is

not a problem for the atheist depends on historical and individual perspective.

Some scholars acknowledge that theists have the burden of explaining how a being

that is all-knowing, all-powerful, and all-good can allow evil to exist and

reasons why a perfect being does or might allow horrible evils, for example the

Holocaust, to exist in our world. The concept of God, under these circumstances,

is observed as a weak, passive, non-participant, which is contrary to the

written documentation that theologians profess. Therefore the atheist viewpoint

is validated. Another argument is that the existence of evil is compatible with

divine moral purity or holiness. Some scholars believe that God is the author of

everything that exists, and evil is one of the things that exists, and so God is

thereby the author of evil. If someone is an "author of evil," they

are thereby implicated in the evil and thus cannot be morally pure or holy. If

that is true, then God cannot be morally pure nor holy. Atheists also do not

assume a moral ?good? exists, nor that a moral ?bad? exists. To do so

would assume that there is a super-being who demands and judges these moral

rules, namely God. My View I don’t believe that Christians worship a God they

know to be evil. Many worship as they have been taught to worship, never

seriously exploring the moral implications of the biblical God. Other believers

are capable of incredible feats of rationalization to protect themselves from

uncomfortable challenges to the teachings of their religious education. Others

might worship out of fear and denial. I can’t help wondering whether belief in

and worship of a God for this reason isn’t a moral failure. I would find it

difficult to spend eternity worshipping a God who is forever torturing most of

the human race, including many people who no doubt worshipped that very same

God. Also, to declare that humans have been given both free will and that they

could ever be inherently perfect is a logical absurdity. ?Perfection’ implies

that when given more than one choice, only a single option possibly can be the

right, or perfect choice. Since only one unique option could be ‘perfect,’ then

the selection of any other option would be a self-contradiction for the person

who is by nature perfect.


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