Earthquakes And Volcanoes Essay, Research Paper
hat have they learned since the quake quite allot. The fault moved in a fashion that geologists of
the time did not expect: it moved horizontally, the southwestern side slipping to the northwest,
relative to the southeastern side. “The 1906 earthquake marked the dawn of modern scientific
study of the San Andreas fault system.” (USGS) When the 1906 earthquake struck scientist set
forth to make observations on effects of the quake. The final report published in 1908 (commonly
known as the Lawson Report) was a compilation on detailed reports. Today this document
remains in highest regards among seismologists, engineers and geologists. It is said to be a
benchmark for the future, and integrated investigation into the effects of earthquakes in the U.S.
Reid also on the Lawson commission, and his “theory of elastic rebound” are significant
observations in earthquake research.
Although one would think that the Bay Area with it’s history of plate tectonic
motion would be well prepared for the next quake. But, a powerful quake struck the Bay Area
October 17, 1989. Damage for this San Francisco Bay Area quake are close to 4 billion. The
quake is said to have been a record in deaths.
Due to the hazard that earthquakes cause, a hazard consultant becomes a critical part of
producing a earthquake safe environment. In a nuclear facility that in itself is a danger, an honest
and through examination of the facility is important. Their are different procedures that different
industries have to adhere to. Nuclear facilities most likely rate first on facility that must be well
equipped to handle an earthquakes. These are the procedures that hazard consultant must go
through when reviewing different nuclear sites.
Ritchie, David. The Encyclopedia of Earthquakes and Volcanoes. Facts On File, Inc
Lomnitz, Cinna. Fundamentals of Earthquake Prediction. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,
Gordon, Thomas and Max Morgan Witts. The San Francisco Earthquake. City, Stien and Day,
Stienbrugge , V. Karl. Earthquake Hazard in the San Francisco Bay Area: Continuing Problem in
Public Policy. Berkley, Unversity of California Berkley Printing Department, 1968
Greely, A.W., “Special Report of Maj. Gen. Adolphus W. Greely, U.S.A., Commanding the
Pacific Division, on the Relief Operations Conducted by the Military Authorities of the
United States at San Francisco and other Points”, 1906
Hansen, Gladys, and Condon, Emmet, , Denial of Disaster: The untold story and photographs
of the San Francisco earthquake and fire of 1906. San Francisco,Cameron and Co., 1989