Athletes And Domestic Violence Essay Research Paper

Athletes And Domestic Violence Essay, Research Paper Athletes and Domestic Violence A lady calls 911 and cries that her husband is beating her. She wants to

Athletes And Domestic Violence Essay, Research Paper

Athletes and Domestic Violence

A lady calls 911 and cries that her husband is beating her. She wants to

file a report, but then asks the dispatcher if it is going to be in the paper

the next day. When the dispatcher doesn’t reply, she changes her mind about the

report and hangs up (Cart). The lady was Sun Bonds, wife of all-star San

Francisco Giant, Barry Bonds. Like the wives of other famous players, she was a

victim of spousal abuse. Athletes are praised as heroes for what they do on the

playing field, but what they do off the field is never mentioned. As a

disappointed sports fan, I want to draw attention to the domestic violence cases

that involve athletes.

Athletes have been abusing their spouses since sports were created, but

not until the OJ Simpson trial has domestic violence become “the issue du jour.”

When Simpson was arrested on New Years Day for beating his wife, none of the

newspapers reported it. When he pleaded no contest five months later, there was

a small brief in the second page of The Los Angeles Times’ Metro Section (Cart).

In the last three years alone the list of the accused included Dante Bichette,

Barry Bonds, John Daly, Scottie Pippen, Jose Conseco, Bobby Cox, Mike Tyson,

Warren Moon, Michael Cooper, Darryl Strawberry, Duane Causwell, Olden Polynice,

Robert Parish, and OJ Simpson( Callahan, Sports Ilustrated). And these are only

the pro athletes whose wives had the courage to report the violence.

Madeline Popa, president of Nebraska National Organization for Women

stated, “Athletes are role models to small children. [Viewers] worry about the

violence on television, but generally that is make- believe. When [there are]

real-life heroes [engaging in violence], the message to young boys and

girls is, ‘If you are a star athlete you can get away with things

(qtd in L.A. Times).’”

There is an act of domestic violence every eighteen seconds in the

United States. One in every three women will experience it, according to a study

done by The L.A. Times. Abuse is the number one cause of injury for women. About

six million women are abused each year; four thousand are killed (Cart).

Although the sports world is not involved with all of these statistics, they are

an important factor as to why the numbers are so high. The survey found that in

1995 there were 252 incidents involving 345 active sports players.

Another survey done by Sports Illustrated reveals that eight to twelve

women a year are assaulted by their partners. More women die from abuse than

from car accidents and muggings combined. A study done by the University of

Massachusetts and Northeastern University revealed that out of 107 cases of

sexual assault reported in various universities, most of them involved male

student-athletes although they only make up 3.3% of the total male body

(Callahan). This means that male student-athletes were six times more involved

than males who were not student-athletes.

Despite these studies some people believe that sports does not have a

problem with the issue of domestic violence. Richard Lapchick, director of the

Center on the Study of Sport in Society at Northeastern University believes,

“These exaggerations [in studies] do not discount that there is solid evidence

of a problem in sport” and “Athletes are not necessarily more prone to domestic

violence than others (quoted from The L.A. Times and Sports Illustrated).”

Marriah Burton Nelson, author of The Stronger Women Get, The More Men

Like Football: Sexism and the American Culture of Sports, is one of the many

people who disagree with Lapchick. She believes that sports create an aggression

found in men who beat their wives. She says,

It is not the sport themselves, but the culture of the sports in which

male athlete and coaches talk about women with contempt. The culture of

sports is a breeding ground. It begins with the little league coach saying,

‘you throw like a girl.’ This teaches boys to feel superior. Masculinity is

defined as aggression and dominance. In order to be a man you have to be on

top, to control, to dominate (qtd in L.A. Times).

Dr. Myriam Miedzian author of Boys Will Be Boys: Breaking the Link

Between Masculinity and Violence, agrees with Nelson. He thinks, “Athletes are

taught to hurt people. Empathy has been knocked out of them” (qtd in American

Health). Most coaches do not allow their players to have a real relationship

because they are afraid that a female influence will “soften” a player. The

athletes are taught not to “see the guy across the line as a human being, how

can they see women as human beings? As long as you rear boys to be tough,

dominant, in charge, they simply won’t be prepared for contemporary women

(Miedzian).”

Most researchers agree that one of the main reasons athletes abuse their

spouses is because they have grown accustomed to the mistreatment of women which

surrounds sports. “Sports culture creates a negative attitude towards women,

attitudes of superiority that could lead to violence,” says Michael Messner,

associate professor of sociology at USC (qtd in L.A. Times). Vance Johnson,

a Denver Bronco wide receiver, admits that he did beat his first two wives.

He blames his misconduct on himself and on the sports environment he lived

in for teaching him that domestic violence is okay. He writes, “Everywhere

I looked men abused women…All of the women were really battered and

abused emotionally and physically. It was just the way of life no one ever

did anything about it (qtd in Vance pg 83).”

Jackson Katz of the Center for the Study of Sports in Society states,

“[Athletes] believe they are entitled to have women serve their needs. It’s part

of being a man. It’s the cultural construction of masculinity.” “Elite athletes

learn entitlement (L.A. Times).”

It is this entitlement given by coaches and fans, who worship star

sports figures, that allows an athlete to abuse his spouse without having to

suffer the consequences. This sends a message to girls that “If [they] get hurt,

nothing will happen to [the perpetrator]. Girls have to stand alone.(Popa)” This

leaves women with a feeling of worthlessness. Athletes live with a different set

of rules. Dr. Tom House, a Major League Baseball coach as well as a psychologist,

believes,Athletes aren’t bad people; they just don’t have life skills. Many of

these players simply have no thermostats on their behavior mechanisms. When

they act out, they are seeking to find some balancing their environment, to

see how far they can go. And as long as they can put up good numbers on

the field, no one will create boundaries for them (qtd in American Health).

So what is being done to prevent domestic violence among athletes? Very

little. The pro league still do not punish perpetrators for their actions. But

they have created shelters and organized funds for victims of this problem. Men

are now encouraged to see specialists to solve their problem. Newspapers are

printing more articles of cases involving athletes. Now there are daily

reports of spousal abuse next to the box scores (I don’t know weather to

consider this good or bad). “Many men particularly famous athletes, are

being held accountable for behavior that was previously brushed aside (Cart).”

Lawrence Phillips, a Heisman Trophy candidate last season, was suspended

from his football team because he was charged with spousal abuse. This was done

a day after Phillips rushed for 206 yards and scored four touchdowns to give his

team the victory. His coach, Rick Osborne, was applauded for taking a stand.

Things are definitely moving forward, but not at a quick enough pace.

Rita Smith, coordinator of National Coalition Against Domestic Violence thinks,

“Professional sports needs to take a very definitive stand against violence like

[it] has with drugs(qtd in L.A. Times).”

Alisa DelTufo, the founder of Sanctuaries for Families, a shelter for

abused women, admits, “Domestic Violence is a very difficult cycle for a woman

to break (qtd in Sports Illustrated).” And the cycle of abuse is even harder to

break in court for a wife of an athlete. “The police often work harder

collecting autographs than evidence. The media and the fans, including those on

the jury, tend to side with the icon over the iconoclast (Callahan).”

When Sun Bonds finally decided to file a divorce, the judge, who was

a baseball fan, awarded her a sum of $7,500 per month, which is half of

what she was supposed to receive. The biased judge then asked Bonds’ for

an autograph.

We live in a world where men express their manliness by demeaning women.

Where men are encouraged to act aggressive and dominant. Where men when asked,

‘what are they going to do?’ after they lost a game reply, ‘I’m going home to

beat my wife (all-star, Charles Barkley).’ Unfortunately this is the reality we

live in. Sport associations need to set rules and punishments for a player who

abuses his spouse. They can punish an athlete for using drugs, why can’t they do

the same for perpetrators of domestic violence? I think coaches should

discourage the bad-mouthing of women that takes place in the locker room, and

encourage them to see counselors. The fact is as soon as an athlete puts on his

uniform for the first time; he is viewed as a role model, whether he likes it or

not. I agree that the recent attention means we are now taking domestic violence

more seriously, but the victims of abuse want solutions, not publicity.

Works Cited

Callahan, Gerry. “Sports Dirty Secret.” Sports Illustrated July 31, 1995: pgs

62-74.

Cart, Julie. “Sex & Violence.” The L.A. Times December 27, 1995: pgs C1-C3.

Lipsyte, Robert. “O.J. Syndrome.” American Health September, 1994: pgs 50-51.

Johnson, Vance. The Vance: The Begining and the End copyrighted 1994: pg 83.

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