Diphtheria Essay, Research Paper
Diphtheria is a very infectious disease ,
affecting children particularly, characterized by
the formation of a false membrane in the passages
of the upper respiratory system.
Diphtheria bacilli enter the body through the
mouth and nose and attack the mucous membranes ,
where they multiply and secrete a powerful toxin.
The nose and throat increases in size and
thickness, becoming a grayish false membrane, and
it may block the air passages. surgery may be
necessary to prevent asphyxiation.
Use Of antitoxin in treatment has cut the
mortality rate to approximately 5 percent. Most
effective development of harmless forms of
diphtheria toxin, called toxoids. given to infants
during the first year of life as part of a combined
injection, these toxoids immunize the children
against serious infection and have drastically
reduced the incidence of diphtheria in most parts
of the world.
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