Italy Essay, Research Paper InbrigdablThe Korean War took place between the years of 1950 and 1953. The cause of the war was that Korea was under Japanese rule ever
Italy Essay, Research Paper
InbrigdablThe Korean War took place between the years of 1950 and 1953.
The cause of the war was that Korea was under Japanese rule ever
since the end of the Chinese-Japanese war in 1895. After World
War II, in 1945, Korea was freed from Japan. The United States
troops occupied the southern part of the country and Russian forces
took the north.
The very first and main reason we entered the war in Korea was
because John Foster Dulles, the future Secretary of State under
Dwight Eisenhower, said that it would be best if we entered the
war. At the time Dulles was a special advisor to the Secretary of
State Acheson. Dulles was in Tokyo when the Koreans staged war.
Dulles sent a message to Acheson that if the South Koreans start
losing and cannot hold back the North Koreans, they should send in
United States forces. He said to do so, “even though this risks
Russian counter moves. To sit by while Korea is overrun by
unprovoked armed attack would start a disaster chain even leading
most probably to World War III.” When Dulles got back to
Washington he specified that he meant sending in United States Air
and Naval forces only, not troops.
Almost immediately after getting word of the invasion, Acheson
decided that the United States should put the matter before the
United Nations. He then called President Truman and got his
Almost fourteen hours after Washington got word of the war
there was a conference set up among certain members of the United
Nations. The final decision of the United Nations was to give arms
and equipment to the R.O.K. army (Republic of Korea). Then they
authorized General MacArthur to use his forces and the United
States Seventh Fleet, “to stabilize the combat situation”.
We first entered the war on June 25, 1950 because the United
States felt that if Russia’s troops would fight for North Korea, we
should fight for South Korea. Also, since South Korea had a
dictatorship, we wanted to prevent it from becoming communist and
remaining a dictatorial form of government. If the communist
started conquering many nations they might start a whole empire
(the domino effect).
In December 1943 the United States, China and Great Britain
made a promise to Synyman Rhee during World War II that Korea would
be given its independence “in due course” after World War II. Our
involvement began with Korea dates back to when we dropped the atom
bomb in Hiroshima, Japan and the defeated Japanese gave up Korea.
The United States took all of Korea below the 38th Parallel and
Russia took everything else. Russia began indoctrinating its
occupied territory of Korea in communist thinking. This upset the
United States which wanted the region to have a democratic
government, rather than the existing dictatorship.
On June 25, 1950 , without warning a surprise attack was
staged by North Korea, on South Korea, across the 38th Parallel.
Almost the minute the United States found out from Ambassador John
J. Muccio, the United States asked for a meeting of the United
Nations Security Council, which had been formed just five years
before , to discuss the matter on hand. The first decision of the
United Nations was not to aid North Korea. Two days later a second
meeting was called and the United Nations decided to assist the
Republic of Korea because it was necessary to repel the armed
attack and regain international peace and security in the area.
Earlier that day President of the United States, Harry S. Truman,
had announced that he had ordered U.S. air and naval forces to give
the South Korean troops cover and support. On June 29 , Truman
ordered General Douglas MacArthur to use special supporting ground
units in Korea, and authorized the United States Air Force to
conduct missions on specific military targets in North Korea. He
also asked to set up a naval blockade off the entire Korean coast.
A reason why the U.S. entered the war is because the United
Nations, voted and decided that the invasion was a violation of
international peace. Since the communists continued to fight,
sixteen United Nations countries sent troops and forty-one
countries sent military equipment, food or other supplies. The
United States sent around 9% of the supplies.
A North Korean division invaded South Korean territory, past
the 38th Parallel. One of the main commanders involved in the
Korean War was Major General William “Big Bill” Dean, commander of
the U.S. 24th Infantry Division , a combat veteran of World War II
and former military governor of South Korea. On June 25, 1950
General Dean was walking out of church and the post duty officer
came running saying, “General, sir, we’ve just had word that the
North Koreans have crossed the 38th Parallel and invaded South
The minute General Dean heard this he notified Lieutenant
Colonel Charles Brad Smith and had him call in the Task Force.
This was a group of four hundred infantrymen. Soon after many
other troops were sent into Korea.
I feel that the Korean War was a tragedy. I disagree with the
people who said we should enter the war. I feel that the United
Nations should have threatened the North Koreans rather than the
United States getting into the fight. Many people died, and the
U.S. did not even, necessarily, win. North Korea succeeded in
turning South Korea into a communist nation. On the other hand,
the U.S. succeeded in preventing the domino effect, further
stopping the spread of communism. I do, however, think it was
important to stop communism, so if the United States would have
tried alternating peace methods and still did not succeed, then
sending in the troops was acceptable and important.
1. Alexander, Bevin, Korea… The First War We Ever Lost.
New York: Hippocrene Books, 1986
2. Edwards, Richard, The Korean War. England: British Ed.,
3. “Korean War”, World Book Encyclopedia. Volume 10, pp.
4. “Korean War”, Encyclopedia Britannica. Volume 13, pp.
5. Lawson, Don, The United States in the Korean War. New
York: Abelard Schuman, 1964
6. Marshall, S.L.A., The Military History of the Korean
War. New York: Franklin Watts Inc., 1963
World Book Encyclopedia, page 297
The Korean War, page 64
Korea… The First War We Lost, page 26
Military History of the Korean War, page 16
Encyclopedia Britannica, page 488
Korea… The First War We Lost, page 57
The U.S. in the Korean War, page 34 A quote by the leaders
of Great Britain and the United States
Encyclopedia Britannica, page 488
World Book Encyclopedia, page 298
Korea… The First War We Lost, page 33
World Book Encyclopedia, page 297
The U.S. in the Korean War, page 19
Ibid., page 19
Ibid., page 20
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