Мир Знаний

Вивчення теми "Великобританія: видатні міста та особистості" на уроках англійської мови (стр. 2 из 7)

2) While-Listening Activities. Етап слухання тексту та виконання вправ під час слухання.

Ukraine and Great Britain

Both Ukraine and Great Britain lie in Europe, but Ukraine is situated on the European continent and Great Britain is separated from the continent by the English channel.

In fact Britain is a sea country. It lies on the crossways of the sea routes to the different parts of the world. Great Britain is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean in the north-west, by the North sea in the east, and by the Irish sea in the west.

Ukraine is a landlocked country. The major water bodies bordering it are the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov in the south. It lies on the crossways of the land routes from the east to the west and from the north to the south.

Ukraine is larger than Great Britain. The area of Great Britain is 24, 500 sq km, and the area of Ukraine is 603, 700 sq km.

In both countries there are a lot of mountains. In Great Britain there are the Pennines and the Cambrian mountains. In Ukraine we have got the Carpathians and the Crimean mountains.

There are a lot of rivers in both countries. In Great Britain they are not very long and deep. The Thames is wide and deep enough for large ships in this country.

The largest rivers in Ukraine are the Dnieper, the Dniester, and the Southern Bugh. The Dnieper is navigated by large ships.

The climate of Ukraine is temperately continental, being subtropical only on the southern coast of Crimea. The climate of Great Britain is moderated because of ocean breezes.

T: Listen to the text and fill the missing information in the grid. (HO1 ): Full in the missing information.

Points to compare Ukraine Great Britain
Continent is separated from the continent by the English channel
The total area 603. 700 sq km
Washed by: the Atlantic Ocean in the north-west, by the North Sea in the East, by Irish Sea in the west
Capital:
Mountains: the Pennines and the Cambrian mountains
Rivers:
Climate: Temperately continental, subtropical in Crimea

Compare your answers with your partner. Then we'll check the filling in the grid. 3) Post-Listening Activities. Контроль розуміння тексту та виконання комунікативних вправ після прослуховування тексту.

Т: Give a comparative characteristic of the geographical position and climate of both countries using the grid.

Checkon2. Контроль тексту для позакласного читання "RiverWater", завдання 4 (стор. 93-95).

Home Reading і) Conversation. Бесіда з учнями.

Т: Have you ever read sketches after Gerome K. Gerome?

Are there a lot of dialogues in his sketches?

It is difficult to read them or not?

Do you always find them funny?

2) Post-Reading Activities. Контроль розуміння тексту та виконання післятексто-вих комунікативних вправ.

a) Pick out and read the sentences that are not true. Correct them.

(H03): Pick up the sentences.

We decided to stop near Windson in order to have supper. The boiling will kill all the germs presented in the water. We looked and saw nothing in the river.

We will have known about the illness by the end of two weeks.

б) Answer the questions of ex. 2, p. 95.

в) Dramatize the dialogue between the three young men.

III. ЗАКЛЮЧНА ЧАСТИНА УРОКУ

Homework1. Домашнє завдання.

Завдання 5 для позакласного читання, стор. 95-96. Впр. 24 (стор. 32).

Написати порівняльну характеристику України та Великобританії, використовуючи заповнену на уроці таблицю.

Summarizing 2. Підбиття підсумків уроку.

Т: What have we done today?

Was it difficult for you to give a comparative characteristic of the geographical position and climate of our country and Great Britain?

What have we to do to make this kind of work easier?


УРОК 4

Підтема:Великобританія. Осінь в Англії. Минулий доконаний час.

Мета:Повторити та активізувати у мові учнів минулий доконаний час.

Підготувати учнів до самостійного висловлювання про осінь в Англії на основі прочитаного тексту.

Обладнання: підручник, граматична таблиця "PastPerfectTense", "ExampleSituation" (HO,), висловлювання P. Кіплінга про красу Англії, "Noughtsandcrosses", grid(на дошці), "HenryandhisGuests" (H02).

ХІД УРОКУ

І. ПІДГОТОВКА ДО СПРИЙНЯТТЯ ІНШОМОВНОГО МОВЛЕННЯ

Aim1. Повідомлення теми та мети уроку.

Т: We are going to talk about the beauty of England at any time of the year, and especially in Autumn.

We have to revise the grammar material the Past Perfect Tense.

By the end of the lesson you should be able:

• to participate in common conversational exchanges about the topic of today's lesson;

• to operate the grammar material about the Present Perfect tense, using it in oral speech.

Warm-up2. Уведення в іншомовну атмосферу.

Game "Noughts and crosses". Гра «Хрестики-нолики».

Draw on the board a "Noughts and crosses" grid with nine categories like this: Past Perfect (I had done).


Does? Were? Are?
Is? Has? Was?
Did? Would Could?

Divide the class into two equal teams.

T: Team A plays with О (noughts) and Team В with an X (crosses).

Team A chooses a square (e. g. Could?) and makes a sentence using the word, e.g.

Could you open the window, please?

If their sentence is correct, rub out "Could...?"

and write О in that square; if its wrong, Team В has only one guess to correct it. If this is right, they win the square and you write an X in it. Then it's Team B's turn, etc.

The first team to get a straight line of three X3 or three Oa in any direction wins the game.

II. ОСНОВНА ЧАСТИНА УРОКУ

GrammarReview1. Повторення та активізація граматичного матеріалу: PastPerfectTense.

1) Discussinggrammar. Узагальнююче повторення граматичної теми.

(HO1): Example situation.

I went to a party last week. Tom went to the party too. Tom went home at

10.30. So, when I arrived at 11 o'clock, Tom wasn't there.

When I arrived at the party, Tom wasn't there.

He had gone home.

This is the past perfect tense:

I/he/she (etc.) had (= I'd/he'd/she'd etc.) gone

I/he/she (etc.) hadn't gone

Had you/he/she (etc.) gone?

and § 26 of Reference Grammar in your text book.

a) Try to find out the answers to the following questions:

Do we use Past Perfect for a past action which happened before another past action?

Give examples for this rule, using the sentences of § 26.

Do we use Past Perfect for a past action which happened before a stated past time? Give examples for this rule using the sentences of § 26. Which time expressions are used with Past Perfect? в) Tell the rule of building of the Past Perfect Tense using the following scheme.

Past Perfect had

-V (or Past Participle)

2) Languagework. Виконання тренувальних вправ, а) Виконання додаткової вправи.

(H02): Henry and His guests Henry invited some friends to his flat for a meal. Look at the things that he did and didn't do, before his guests arrived. Complete the phrases, using the Past Perfect.
0 He bought the food.1 He cleaned the flat.2 He didn't buy anything to drink.3 He had a shower.4 He changed his clothes.5 He started preparing the meal.6 He didn't finish preparing the meal.
By the time his guests arrived: 0 he had bought the food. 1 2 3 4 5 6

в) Finish the sentence in turn. Закінчити речення. Example:

The last time I was pleased was because...

The last time I was pleased was because I had received a present.

Ben could write the letter because... She failed her exam because... She was sad because... His hands were dirty because... He was wet because... They were hungry because They were tired because... He had a black eye because...

Oral Practice 2. Складання діалогів з використанням речення в Past Perfect Tense.

Т: Last Monday you had an argument with you best friend.

However, later you realized that the argument was all your fault. Make up a short dialogue explaining why you behaved in such a way.

Model:

You. I'm sorry we argued last Monday.

But I was angry because I had had lots of problems that day.

Your friend:______________________

You:_______________________________

Reading3. Пред'явлення тексту для читання "Autumn in England", впр. 29 (стор. 32).

1) Pre-Reading Activities. Етап підготовки до читання тексту.

Problem solving.

Т: What do you think?

Read some lines from a poem of the English Poet and writer Rudyard Kipling "The Glory of the garden" (1911).

Our England is a garden, and such gardens are not made By singing "Oh, how beautiful!" and sitting in the shade! T: Say why England is so beautiful.

2) While-Reading Activities. Етап читання тексту та виконання вправ під час читання.

Т: Read and find the English equivalents in the text. На початку осені сільська місцевість чудова. Наприкінці осені погода стає холодною. На ланах багато корів і овець.

Листя на деревах змінюють свій колір з зеленого на коричневий і червоний. Холодні вітри дмуть з моря.

3) Post-ReadingActivities. Контроль розуміння тексту та виконання післятекстових комунікативних вправ.

Т: Imagine you have just returned from a trip to England. Tell your friends about your impessions from autumn in this country.


III. ЗАКЛЮЧНА ЧАСТИНА УРОКУ

Homework1. Домашнє завдання.

Впр. З0 (стор. 32).

Т: Translate the sentences into English. Consult § 26.

Впр. 31 (стор. 32).

T: Read and retell the text.

Summarizing 2. Підбиття підсумків уроку.

T: What have we done today?

When do we use the Past Perfect Tense?


УРОК 5

Підтема:Великобританія. Уельс. Контроль, позакласного читання.

Мета:Практикувати учнів в аудіюванні й читанні тексту з метою отримання загального уявлення тамаксимально повного й точного розуміння всієї інформації, що міститься в ньому. Проконтролювати підготовку позакласного читання.

Обладнання: підручник, текст для аудіювання "ArthurConanDoyle" (HO,), "TrueorFalse" (H02), (HOJ, "Puttheeventsintheorder" (H03), "InterestingfactsaboutWales" (H05).

ХІД УРОКУ

І. ПІДГОТОВКА ДО СПРИЙНЯТТЯ ІНШОМОВНОГО МОВЛЕННЯ

Aim1. Повідомлення теми та мети уроку.

Т: The topic of our today's lesson is "Great Britain. Wajes".

By the end of the lesson you should be able:to listen and understand the gist and details of the text despite the natural difficulties:

• to identify details from the texts for reading;

• to participate in common conversational exchanges about the topic of today's lesson;

• to discuss task 5 of your Home Reading.

Warm-up2. Уведення в іншомовну атмосферу.

Class survey "Do you like anecdotes?"

Find someone who... Qlga Borys Katya Lesya
Likes to read anecdotes in the newspapers and magazines
Likes to listen to them
Can retell anecdotes perfectly
Knows more than: 10 anecdotes about famous people

T: Work in groups of four. Conduct a survey in your group and tell about the results.

II. ОСНОВНА ЧАСТИНА УРОКУ

Listening1. Аудіювання тексту "ArthurConanDoyle".

1) Pre-ListeningActivities. Етап підготовки до слухання тексту. Problem solving.

Т: What do you think?

Do you know anything about Arthur Conan Doyle?

Was he an American or English writer?

Who was the main character of his book?

Whom were some of Holmes's features borrowed from?

2) While-Listening Activities. Етап слухання тексту та виконання вправ під час слухання.

а) Первинне прослуховування тексту.

Т: Listening for the main idea of the text. What do you want to know about the famous English writer, Arthur Conan Doyle? Write 4 main questions and try to find the answers while listening.

(HO1): Arthur Conan Doyle

Arthur Conan Doyle was born in 1859 in Edinburgh in a family of an architect. He graduated from the Edinburgh University and set up his practice as a doctor.

Conan Doyle got world-wide fame not as a doctor, but as a writer, who created a remarkable character of Sherlock Holmes.

Some of Holmes' features were borrowed from Dr. Joseph Bell, one of Doyle's teachers at Edinburgh University. But the literary model was Edhar Poe's stories.

Holmes and his colleague Dr. Watson first appeared in a novel "A Study in Scarlet" in 1887.

But it was the collections of short stories "The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes" (1892) and "The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes" (1894) that brought Holmes, Watson and their creator general love and popularity.

The writer tried to free himself from his creation and killed Holmes in the story "The Final Problem", but readers forced him to return to his famous character.

A total of 4 novels and 56 short stories about Sherlock Holmes are not just the most important contribution to detective literature but also the most imitated, parodied and screened literary works in the English language.

б) Повторне прослуховування тексту.

T: Listen to the text again to identify specific information.

(HO2):

True, or False. True False
Arthur Conan Doyle was born in 1859 in Edinburgh.
Having graduated from the University he set up his practice as a teacher.
The literary model of Holmes was Edhar Poe's stories.
His first novel with Holmes as main character was "A Study in Scarlet".
Conan Doyle is the author of 56 novels and 4 short stories.

3) Post-Listening Activities. Етап контролю розуміння прослуханого тексту і виконання комунікативних вправ.