Мир Знаний

Вивчення теми "Великобританія: видатні міста та особистості" на уроках англійської мови (стр. 4 из 7)

To the left of us you can see the National Gallery. It has got a fine collection of European paintings.

Now we are coming to Piccadilly Circus. It is the meeting point of six streets. It is famous for its brightly lit neon advertisements an night.

We've just passed Piccadilly Circus and now we are making our way to Buckingham Palace. Look right. We are passing Hyde Park.

Hyde Park has got a lake in the middle called the Serpentine, and you can take a boat out on the water.

It is a good place to get away from the crowds and the noise of the city.

You can listen to the speakers at Speaker's Corner near Marble Arch.

People from all over the world come and speak here. You can ask a speaker some difficult questions if you like. Or you can stand on a box and speak to some of the listeners!

Now we are at Buckingham Palace. It is the London home of the Qur.cu. When the flag is flying on the top she is at home. Look, they are changing the Guard. It happens every day at 11. 30 a. m.

We have just turned left and you can see St. James' Park. It is one of the royal parks.

Here you can see pelicans and ducks.

In front of you you can see the Houses of Parliament and Big Ben.

The Houses of Parliament is the seat of British government. It is a very large Gothic building. It stands on the left bank of the river Thames and is 984 ft(280 m) in length.

There is only one building there, but it is called the Houses because it is divided into two Chambers — the House of Commons and the House of Lords.

Big Ben is the name of the huge clock on the Clock Tower of the Houses of Parliament.

The Clock is 313 ft high and 41 ft square.

In a moment you will see Westminster Abbey. It's a royal church. Here you can see the tombs of many British kings and queens and famous people. Now we are crossing Tower Bridge over the river Thames.

From here you can see the Tower of London. It was a fortress, a royal palace and later a prison. It is a museum now.

There are a lot of interesting collections in the Tower of London. The ravens are another famous sight. The legend says that without them the Tower will fall. The Raven Master is the person who gives them food.

And now we are making our way to the famous St. Paul's Cathedral.

It is the greatest work of the architect sir Christopher Wren.

Тема. Життя суспільства. Люди

We are now going along Fleet Street to the Strand. On the right you'll see Covent Garden. It was a big fruit and vegetable market. It is now tourists' shopping Centre with cafes and restaurants. We'll stop here so that you can go shopping.

Our tour has finished.

I hope very much that you have enjoyed this tour of London. Thankyouandgoodbye.

б) Повторне прослуховування тексту з метою максимально повного та точного розуміння всієї інформації, що міститься в ньому.

(Учитель готує заздалегідь копію тексту, розрізає його на логічні відрізки та послідовно нумерує. Учні виступають у ролі екскурсоводів.)

Т: Here are the tour guide's notes for part of the tour. All of them have their numbers. Take one of them, look it through and be ready to talk about in turn. You are guides now.

Well, listen to your classmates and do the following activity.

(HO1):

Listen and say what you have already seen or visited and what you have not seen
in London yet.
1. London Zoo 11. The Tate Gallery
2. Trafalgar Square 12. The Thames
3. The Houses of Parliament 13. Big Ben
4. The British museum 14. Westminster Abbey
6.Madame Turssaud's 15. The National Gallery
5. St. James' Park 16. The Science Museum
7. The Tower of London 17. St. Paul's Cathedral
8. Buckingham Palace 18. Hyde Park
9. Changing the Guard 19. Tower Bridge
10. Piccadilly Circus 20. Covent Garden
We have already seen:
We haven't seen yet:

Key: We have already seen: 2; 3; 5; 7; 8; 9; 10; 12; 13; 14; 15; 17; 18; 21; 20;

We haven't seen yet: 1; 4; 6; 11; 16.

3) Post-ListeningActivities. Контроль розуміння тексту і виконання вправ після його прослуховування. а) Т: Answerthequestions.

Is London one of the largest cities in the world?

How old is this city?

What are London's most famous sights?

What is the main square of central London?

What gallery has got a fine collection of European painting?

What place in London is the meeting point of six streets?

Is the Serpentine a lake or a river?

Buckingham Palace is the London home of the Queen, isn't it?

The Houses of Parliament stands on the left bank of the river Thames.

It is the seat of British government. There is only one building there, but it is called

the Houses. Why?

What is Big Ben?

What is the Tower of London?

б) Висловлювання учнів за ситуацією.

Т: You are on a visitor's bus in London. Which place of interest do you get off the bus to visit? Explain your choice.

III. ЗАКЛЮЧНА ЧАСТИНА УРОКУ

Homework1. Домашнє завдання.

Впр. 51 (стор. 40).

Т: Cover the left side of ex. 49 and translate the questions into English in 1 minute. Впр. 55 (стор. 40).

T: Imagine that a group of London school-children came to your school. Ask them about their city.

Summarizing 2. Підбиття підсумків уроку.

T: Did you like our London sightseeing tour? Was it difficult for you to be a guide? Why?


УРОК 8

Підтема:Життя молоді. Школа у Великобританії.

Мета:Практикувати учнів у читанні тексту з метою отримання загального уявлення (skimming) та максимально повного й точного розуміння всієї інформації, що міститься в ньому (scanning). Підготувати учнів до самостійного висловлювання про школу в Великобританії на основі змісту прочитаного тексту.

Обладнання: підручник, психологічний тест "What kind of pupil are you?" (HO,), "True or False" (H02), "Finish the sentences" (H03), "Questions for conversation with native speakers" (H04).

ХІД УРОКУ

І. ПІДГОТОВКА ДО СПРИЙНЯТТЯ ІНШОМОВНОГО МОВЛЕННЯ

Aim1. Повідомлення теми та мети уроку.

Т: Today we are going to talk about English schools. By the end of the lesson you should be able to:

• to identify main ideas and details from the text for reading;

• to participate in common conversational exchange about the topic of today's lesson.

Warm-up2. Уведення в іншомовну атмосферу.

1) Робота над римуванням для підвищення особистісної самооцінки учнів. "Chant to build up your self-esteem".

а) Фонетичне відпрацювання римування.

I'm a student.

I'm a good student.

I'm a clever student

I'm a talented student.

I'm a fantastic student.

I'm the most enthusiastic student.

I'm trying to be the best student in the world.

б) Бесіда з учнями за змістрмримування. Do you like to go to school?

What kind of pupil are you?

Do you feel good at school?

When do lessons begin in your school?

Is it early or not?

How many lessons do you have every day?

Do you get tired after lessons?

When do you have the longest break?

Do you have a snack during the longest break?

Where do you have lunch?

Do you have a lot of homework every day?

You do your homework properly every day, don't you?

How much time do you spend doing your homework?

Do you try to find free time for sport and pleasure?

Is it possible to get good knowledge in your school?

Do you attend any kind of optional courses?

In what way do you try to be a good student?

2) Psychological Test. Виконання психологічного тесту. T: Now, let's have more fun.

Answer the following questions truthfully, and find out if you are a perfect pupil.

(HO1):

What kind of a Pupil are You?

1. When do you arrive at school?

a) just in time;

b) after your teacher has marked your absence;

c) twenty minutes before the lessons;

d) some other time. When?

2. How long does it take you to do your homework?

a) what homework?

b) the time it takes me to travel to school;

c) two hours;

d) other?

3. What are your hobbies?

a) watching cartoons;

b) sport;

c) reading;

d) others?

4. What is your favourite subject?

a) none;

b) P. E.;

c) computer Science;

d) other?

Add up the number of times your score А, В, C or D. Now find out what kind of pupil you are. If you get mainly: c — you are a perfect pupil.

a — the only thing we can say is that you are human (ні від чого людського ти не вільний), b — you are a "mixed-up kid".

d — you like life as it is. You like to be different from other people.

II. ОСНОВНА ЧАСТИНА УРОКУ

Reading

Пред'явлення тексту для читання "EnglishSchools", впр. 48 (стор. 39, частина І) та впр. 61 (стор. 41, частина II, з фрази "WhenanEnglishschoolboy...").

1) Pre-ReadingActivities. Етап підготовки до читання тексту. Problem solving.

Т: What do you usually do at school?

Do you find school life boring or not?

What about school in Great Britain?

Do you know anything about English schools?

2) While-Reading Activities. Етап читання тексту та виконання вправ під час читання.

а) Переглядове читання тексту з метою отримання загального уявлення про його зміст (skimming).

Т: What do you want to know about English schools?

Write five questions and then try to find out the answers looking through the text.

б) Читання тексту з метою максимально повного та точного розуміння всієї інформації, що утримується в тексті та критичного її осмислення (scanning).

Т: Read the text again and say if the sentences are true or false.

(HO2):

True or False. True False
In English schools lessons begin at 10 o'clock in the morning.
In the morning they have four lessons.
During the long break all the pupils go home and have dinner.
After the dinner break they have three lessons.
On Saturday afternoon they stay at home.
Many schools are for boys and girls.

(HO3):

Finish the sentences.

In English schools lessons begin at After the dinner break they have _ The pupils go home at_

Some pupils stay at school for_ One afternoon a week is for _

English schoolboys wear _

English schoolgirls wear_

3) Post-Reading Activities. Контроль розуміння тексту та виконання післятекстових комунікативних вправ, а) Т: Answer the questions.

When do lessons begin in English schools?

How many lessons have they got in the morning?

When do they have a break?

Is the break long or short?

What do they do during the long break?

What do the pupils do during the breaks?

What is the school uniform/of English children?

Do you like it?

Do you like to wear school uniform or not?

6) Т: Imagine that a group of English schoolchildren came to your school. Ask them about their school life.

Use "Questions for conversation with native speakers".

(H04):

Questions for conversations and correspondence with native speakers.

About School

How far is your school from your home? How do you get there?

Do students in your school wear uniforms? If not, what do you wear?

What subjects do you study in school? How many hours each day? How long do you spend on homework every day?

What kind of examinations do you have? When? How important are they?

What do you like and dislike about going to school?

Does your school have dances and parties? Clubs? A newspaper?

What do you generally do after school each day?

What are your favorite TV programs? How many hours do you watch TV each week?

About Your Home Do you live in a house or in an apartment? What is your building made of? Is there a wall around your building?

How many rooms are there in your home? What is each room called?

How many people live in your home? Are they all related to you? Is your home in the city or in the country?

Do you have any pets? If so, what are they, and what do they eat?

In homes where you have visited, do pets usually live inside the house?

Do the teenagers in your family ever disagree with the adults?

What do teenagers and adults argue about?

What happens when young persons disobey their parents?

How were you punished when you were a young child?

Must young people get permission from their parents to marry?

Do friends from different races/religions sometimes come to your home? Do you visit them?

About Food

How many meals are served each day in your home? What are they called? At what times are the meals eaten? Who prepares the meals?

Are there meals every day that the whole family eats together?

What table manners do parents want their children to learn?

Is there something that is always said before a meal by one or more members of the family?

Is there anything that is usually said during the meal or at the end of the meal? If you need something from another part of the table, how do you get it? Must a child eat everything that is on his plate, even if he does not want it? What kinds of food do you like best? What don't you like? Which member of the family buys the food? Where?

About Other topics

Do most of the adults you know own cars? Do any of your teenage friends own cars? Do many people whom you know use public transportation? (Buses? Subways?)

How often do you see beggars on the streets of your town? Have you ever known any farmers?

Have you ever seen animals used for work (Pulling wagons, for instance)? In your town, do women sometimes wear clothing that looks like men's?

III. ЗАКЛЮЧНА ЧАСТИНА УРОКУ

Homework1. Домашнє завдання

Прочитати ще раз і переказати текст впр. 48 (стор. 39) та впр. 61 (стор. 41). Підготуватися до уроку позакласного читання, завдання 7, частина I, II (стор. 99-100).

Summarizing 2. Підбиття підсумків уроку.

Т: "A school should not be a preparation for life. A school should be life". (E. Hubbard) Do you agree with this quotation?

What have we to do to make our school life more interesting?


УРОК 9

Підтема:Транспорт у Лондоні та в твоєму місті.

Мета:Повторити та активізувати вживання в мові ЛО теми «Транспорт».

Підготувати учнів до самостійного висловлювання про транспорт у Лондоні.

Практикувати учнів у читанні тексту з метою отримання загального уявлення (skimming) та максимально повного й точного розуміння всієї інформації, що міститься в ньому (scanning).