Мир Знаний

Вивчення теми "Великобританія: видатні міста та особистості" на уроках англійської мови (стр. 6 из 7)

б) Read the word-combinations and sentences with the translation. Ex. 62a, p. 42.

2) While-Reading Activities. Етап читання тексту та виконання вправ під час читання.

Say if the sentences are true or false.

(H03):

True or False. True False
The British Museum Library is the greatest in England.
Books may be taken from the library.
There is a great oval Reading Room in the middle of the museum.
The British Museum Library contains more than six million
books.
Among treasures there is a Shakespeare's First Folio.
A map of London printed about 1560 is here too.

3) Post-Reading Activities. Контроль розуміння тексту і виконання післятекстових комунікативних вправ.

а) Т: Answer the questions.

Is the British Museum one of the most interesting sights of London? May books be taken from the Library? What is there in the middle of the museum? How many books does the library Contain?

What is there among the treasures of the British Museum Library?

б) T: You are a guide. Tell about the British Museum Library as one of the most interesting sights of London.

III. ЗАКЛЮЧНА ЧАСТИНА УРОКУ

Homework1. Домашнє завдання.

Впр. 626 (стор. 42).

Т: Cover the left side of the page and translate into English.

Tell about the British Museum Library as one of the most interesting sights of London. Впр. 52 (стор. 41).

Summarizing 2. Підбиття підсумків уроку.

Т: What have we done today?

Libraries are a real wealth of any country.

Do you agree with this statement?


УРОК11

Підтема:Наша шкільна бібліотека. Як англійці пишуть листи.

Мета:Поглибити знання учнів про правила оформлення листа англійською мовою.

Підготувати учнів до самостійного написання листа про шкільну бібліотеку.

Обладнання: підручник, комплект "Jigsawsentences" forWarm-up (HO,), зразок написання приватного листа

(Н02), "Jumbled parts of the informal letter" (H03), текст "The Art of Letter-Writing" (H04), "True or

False" (H05).

ХІД УРОКУ

І. ПІДГОТОВКА ДО СПРИЙНЯТТЯ ІНШОМОВНОГО МОВЛЕННЯ

Aim1. Повідомлення теми та мети уроку.

Т: The topic of our today's lesson is "The way Englishmen write letters", and "The Art of Letter-Writing".

By the end of the lesson you should be able:

• to get acquainted with the lay-out of informal letter and some rules that you should follow if you want to write an interesting letter to your friend;

• to improve your communicative writing skills;

• to talk about our school library.

Warm-up2. Уведення в іншомовну атмосферу.

Game "Jigsaw sentences".

Give a set of jigsaw sentences to each pair or group of four students. Ask students to make up 3 sentences, then to read them and translate. Which group will be the first one to make up sentences? (The cards are mixed.)

(HO1): Jigsaw sentences:

Every likes to receive letters from friends and relatives
I have writing letters
To write an interesting letter is a real art

II. ОСНОВНА ЧАСТИНА УРОКУ

Presentation1. Пред'явлення навчального матеріалу про правильне оформлення листа англійською мовою (Informal letters).

Знайомство зі структурою листа.

Т: Look at the organization of the following informal letter and answer the questions about its lay-out.

What do English people start writing a letter with?

In what corner do they put down their address and date?

Do they write their name there?

On what side of the informal letter does the salutation come?

What is the best way to start the letter in English?

What kinds of salutations do you know?

Do English people put a comma after salutation?

Do they leave a paragraph after salutation and begin the first word with a capital letter?

Look at the main parts of the informal letter on the right hand side of (HO2).

(HO2): Writing letters.

Informal letters

Look at the organization of the following informal letter.

T: What is the first part of the main content of the letter called? What is the name of the last part of the letter? Do we leave some space between the paragraphs?

Do English people write every single idea beginning with a new paragraph?

In what way do they usually finish their letters?

Where do they sign a letter?

Is the signature typed or written by hand?

Practice2. Закріплення знань про оформлення листа англійською мовою.

Т: You've got jumbled parts of the informal letter. Put them in logical order.

Reading2. Пред'явлення тексту для читання "Aletter", впр. 70 (стор. 43).

1) Pre-Reading Activities. Етап підготовки до читання тексту. Problem solving.

Т: Do you agree with the following statements? To write a good, interesting letter is a real art. It is very important to write correctly and neatly.

Read some advices to make sure about the right way of writing your informal letter. The Art of Letter-Writing.

(H04): The art of letter-writing

Everyone likes to receive letters from relatives, friends and people we love. But not all of us like to write letters. Perhaps you have heard people say: "I don't know what to write in letters", or "I hate writing letters".

To write a good, interesting letter is a real art. Here are some rules you should follow if you want to write an interesting letter to your friend.

1. Make the content of your letter interesting.

Make sure that the news which you are eager to share with your friend will be of interest to your friend. Have his/her last letter in front of you so that you can answer all of his/her questions.

2. Have an interesting beginning.

The spirit of your letter is in the first paragraph. Show how glad you were to receive his/her letter or describe the most interesting thing that has happened to you.

3. Think of a good ending.

The final impression is as important as the first one. That's why much significance should be attached to the last words. Never write sentences like this: "Since I have no other news to write, I had better close". This shows that writing this letter is a case of duty not interest, to you. You may close by wishing your friend success in something that you know is of importance to him/her.

4. Think of an interesting style.

Write to your friend in a way as if you were talking to him/her. But the degree of informality depends upon the person to whom you are writing. Show your personality and good humor in every letter that you write to your friend.

5. Write clearly, correctly and neatly.

Keep in mind, that if a letter is written in a sloppy way, your friend will read it with less understanding and interest.

2) While-Reading Activities. Етап читання тексту та виконання вправ під час читання.

а) Переглядове читання тексту з метою отримання загального уявлення про його зміст (skimming).

Т: Look through the text and say what kind of the text it is?

Whom is it written to?

Where is the letter from?

Whom is it from?

Is it a formal or informal letter?

б) Читання тексту з метою максимально повного та точного розуміння всієї інформації, що міститься в ньому (scanning).

Т: Say if the sentences on the blackboard are true or false.

(H04):

True or False. True False
Bob has got many friends.
His friend Harry is a student.
Harry lives in London.
It takes him 10 minutes to-get to his office.
In the evening likes to do a little reading or gardening.
Bob and Harry meet at the week-ends.

3) Post-Reading Activities. Контроль розуміння тексту та виконання післятекстових комунікативних вправ.

а) Т: Answer the questions about Harry's working day. When does he get up?

Does he walk or drive to the station?

When does he arrive to the city?

Is his office far from the station?

When does he finish his work?

What does he do in the evening?

What do Harry and Bob do at the week-end?

Do you find Harry's life boring or not?

б) T: What can you say about the lay-out of Bob's letter? Is there anything wrong?

What can you say about the style?

Is the content of Bob's letter interesting?

в) T: Answer the questions about your school library and write an informal letter to your pen-friend about it.

Try to remember the lay-out of informal English letter and the art of writing it.

Do you like to read books?

Is there a library in your school?

How often do you go to the library? What do you go to the library for? On what floor is your school library? Is it cosy?

Are there a lot of bookcases and bookshelves there? What kind of books can you find there?

What books are popular among the teenagers of your country? Who helps you to find the book you need? What kind of book have you read recently?

III. ЗАКЛЮЧНА ЧАСТИНА УРОКУ

Homework1. Домашнє завдання.

Написати листа англійському другу про свою шкільну бібліотеку.

Summarizing 2. Підбиття підсумків уроку.

Т: What activities have we done today?

Do you find it difficult to write informal letter in English? Why?


УРОК 12

Підтема:Національні традиції Великобританії.

Мета:Практикувати учнів у читанні тексту з метою отримання загального уявлення (skimming) тамаксимально повного й точного розуміння всієї інформації, що міститься в ньому (scanning). Підготувати учнів до самостійного висловлювання про національні традиції Великобританії на основі інформації, що міститься в тексті.

Обладнання: підручник, текст "National Traditions, Habits and Customs of Great Britain" (HO,), "True or False" (H02).

ХІД УРОКУ

І. ПІДГОТОВКА ДО СПРИЙНЯТТЯ ІНШОМОВНОГО МОВЛЕННЯ

Aim1. Повідомлення теми та мети уроку.

Т: The topic of our lesson is "National traditions, habits and customs of Great Britain". By the end of the lesson you should be able:

• to identify main ideas and details from the for reading;

• to ask about and describe national traditions, habits and customs of Great Britain. Warm-up 2. Уведення в іншомовну атмосферу.

Робота з прислів'ям "When at Rome, do as the Romans do".

1)Presenting Proverb. Ознайомлення з прислів'ям.

T: Read the proverb and find out its best interpretation. З вовками жити, по-вовчому вити. До чужого монастиря зі своїм законом не сунься. Якщо ти в Римі, живи як римляни.

2) Practisingpronunciation. Фонетичне відпрацювання прислів'я.

Give advice to do or not to do something, using this proverb and the following. Example:

"Don't put on the sabots again.

I told you they were not quite the thing for this country. Do at Rome as the Romans do". (From "Shirley", chapter V by Ch. Bronte)

II. ОСНОВНА ЧАСТИНА УРОКУ

Reading1. Пред'явлення тексту для читання "National Traditions, Habits and Customs of Great Britain" (HO1).

1) Pre-Reading Activities. Етап підготовки до читання тексту. Problem solving.

Т: Do you know that in Britain:

- strangers usually don't talk to each other on trains?

- it is polite to queue for everything: buses, theatre, tickets, in shops, etc?

- people say "thank you" when they give money to a shop assistant?

- people don't take their shoes off when they enter a house?

- people wash in their own bath water?

These are national habits. A habit is something we do very often, sometimes these habits become customs. Our habits and customs can appear very strange to other people and it is usually foreigners who notice them.

What about your country? Do you talk to strangers in your country? Do you automatically queue? Or not?

2) While-Reading Activities. Етап читання тексту та виконання вправ під час читання.

а) Переглядове читання тексту з метою отримання загального уявлення про його зміст (skimming).

Т: Look through the text and say if you find any British habits strange and unusual.

(HO2):National Traditions, Habits and Customs of Great Britain

Every nation and every country has its own customs and traditions. In Britain traditions play a more important part in the life of the people than in other countries. Englishmen are proud of their traditions and carefully keep them up. Foreigners coming to England are struck at once by quite a number of customs and peculiarities in English life.

Some ceremonies are rather formal, such as the Changing the guard at Buckingham Palace. Sometimes you will see of group of cavalrymen riding on horses, backs through the streets of London. They wear red uniforms, shining helmets, long black boots and long white gloves. These men are Life Guards. Their-special duty is to guard the king or the queen of Great Britain and very important quests of the country.

To this day an English family prefers a house with a fireplace and a garden to a flat in a modern house with central heating. Most English love gardens.

Sometimes the garden in front of the house is a little square covered with cement painted green in imitation of grass and a box of flowers. They love flowers very much.

The English people like animals very much, too. Pet dogs, cats, ducks, chickens, canaries and other friends of man have a much better life in Britain than anywhere else. In Britain they have special dog shops selling food, clothes and other things for dogs.

Foreigners often laugh at English people.

They say "In England you get chips with everything!" But even the British don't eat chips with their breakfast.

However, the traditional English breakfast is a big meal. Visitors to Britain often think that breakfast is the best meal of the day.

A traditional English breakfast consists of bacon and sausage with eggs and tomatoes, milk, cornflakes, toast, tea, marmalade and butter. It is so big that you can easily go without lunch. However, there is a lot of fat in this kind of breakfast and today many people eat a healthier one.

Holidays are especially rich in old traditions and are different is Scotland, Ireland Wales and England. Christmas is a great English national holiday and in Scotland it is not observed at all. But six days later, on New Year's Eve the Scotts begin to enjoy themselves. All the shops and factories are closed on New Year's Day. People invite friends to their houses. Greetings and presents are offered.