Africa Essay, Research Paper
Africa is the world’s second-largest continent, the biggest after Asia. It is more
than three times the size of the U. States. It also contains more independent nations than
any other continent on Earth-55 in all. Africa is centrally located on the Earth’s surface. It
straddles the Equator, extending for thousands of miles north and sough of that line. The
continent stands between two major oceans. To the west is the Atlantic Ocean and to the
east lies the Indian Ocean. The Mediterranean Sea in the north and the Red Sea in the
northeast also border Africa.
I have 10 different opion on the most common stereotypes about Africa. For the
Climate of Africa they said it is hot and dry, for most vegetation they said grassy lands,
for most common animal in Africa people said monkeys, African common skin color
black, Africans do for living they said herding and farming, types of family Africans live in
extended, most common religion in Africa are catholic, common language spoken in
Africa is English, civilization white people, government of African countries are
democratic, and the biggest problem in Africa today is hunger. These are the results of my
survey I have received.
CLIMATE: Because of its size, almost every type of climate and vegetation can
be found in Africa. The largest climate zone in Africa is the tropical climate with a wet
and dry season. The savanna, a grassland, occupied this region, which covers almost half
the continent. Like the tropical rain forest, the tropical savanna region is warm all year.
In the summer, or rainy season, the climate is hot and wet. In winter it is warm, with little
or sometimes no rainfall.
POPULATION: Today the population of Africa is approaching 680 million and is
growing rapidly. Population growth has created problems in the drier parts of the
savanna. During times of plentiful rainfall, people seeking land move into these semiarid
areas. They usually chop down trees to clear farmland and to use for fuel and heating.
DESERT: Deserts cover about 40 percent of Africa. This include the Sahara in
the north and the Namibia deserts in the south.
LANGUAGE: Africa’s speak many languages. Africans speak more than 1,000
deferent languages. The different languages that are spoken groups live within a few miles
of one another. Southern Africa speak languages of the Nigercongo family. In East
Africa, Arabs from the Middle East traded with local African people, some Arabic words
blended into the basic Bantu languages of East Africa.
CIVILIZATION: The earliest civilization in Africa developed in the Nile Valley of
Egypt about 7,000 years ago. Fertile soil and plentiful wildlife allowed people to farm and
hunt, as the people perfected their farming skills, they produced more food, allowing the
population to grow.
RELIGION & GOVERNMENT: Belief in life after death was central to Egyptian
religion. Rich nobles prepared carefully for the journey….. They built huge pyramids,
tombs, and filled them with food, clothing, and jewels that they would need in the afterlife.
To the Egyptians, the pharaoh was a god, descended from Amon-Re. The pharaoh had
total power over the lives of the people. Priests and nobles helped the pharaoh run the
Most of the people had some idea of African life. Some where right some where
wrong about Africa. The most interesting thing about Africa I learned is how they live in
the straw houses. It is really hard to live in a straw house, cause u never know when it’s
going to be gone.