State Education in Britain.
All state schools in Britain are free, and schools provide their pupils with books and equipment for their studies.
Education is compulsory from 5 to 16 years. Parents can choose to send their children to a nursery school or a pre-school play group to prepare them for the start of compulsory education. Children start primary school at 5 and continue until they are 11. At primary school children become acquainted with Reading, Writing, Arithmetic and develop their creative abilities, they are taught to sing, dance, play, draw. Primary children do all their work with the same class teacher, except for physical education and music, which are often taught by specialists.
Most children are taught together, boys and girls in the same class.
At 11 most pupils go to secondary schools called comprehensives with accept a wide range of children from all backgrounds and religious and ethnic groups. Ninety per cent of secondary schools in England, Scotland and Wales are co-educational.
At 16 pupils take a national exam called “GCSE” (General Certificate of Secondary Education) and then they can leave school if they wish. This is the end of compulsory education.
Some 16-year olds continue their studies in the 6th form at school or at a sixth form college. The 6th form prepares pupils for a national exam called “A” level (Advanced Level) at 18. Pupils need “A” levels to enter a university. Other 16-year olds choose a college of further education to study hairdressing, typing or mecanics.
Universities and colleges of higher education accept students with “A” levels from 18.
Students study for a degree, which takes on average three years of fulltime study. Most students graduate at 21 and are given their degree at a special graduation ceremony.
Seven per cent of British Schoolchildren go to private schools. There are 3 levels of private schools: primary schools (age four to eight), preparatory schools (age eight to thirteen). At the age of 13 children take an examination. If they pass it, they go to public school, where they usually remain until they are 18. Many preparatory and most public schools are boarding schools, the children live at school during the school terms. But though these schools are called public, they are, in fact, private and it can be very expensive to send a child to such a school.
The most famous public schools have a long history and tradition. It is often necessary to put a child’s name on a waiting list at birth to be sure he or she get a place. Children of wealthy or aristocratic families often go to the same public school as their parents and their grandparents. Eton is the best known of these schools.
It is situated in Eton, a town about 20 miles west of London, on the River Thames. The school was founded in 1440 by King Henry 4, and some of the original buildings are still standing. Many famous figures from British public life were educated at Eton. Immediately opposite Eton, across the Thames, is Windsor, a town which is closely associated with Eton. Windsor Castle, the largest castle in England and a favourite home of the Royal family, dominates the skyline the town.
Traditionally, public schools were always single-sex schools but now many of them are becoming co-educational, both boys and girls attend the school. Eton, however, still remains a public school for boys only
Автор(ы): Wood Tim Издательство: Ladybird, 2015 г.
Цена: 697 руб. Купить
The Ladybird Book of British History is the ideal first reference book for primary school children. Full of fascinating facts and detailed drawings, this handy book will form an invaluable part of any child's first reference library. It is packed with information about topics children will learn at school, including the Romans, the Tudors, and Victorian Britain. The book also includes a weblink to a downloadable timeline of British history. If your children enjoyed this title why not try The Ladybird Book of Kings and Queens.
Цена: 57 руб. Купить
Эта книга предназначена для учащихся старших классов средней школы. Выпуск "Russian-British-American Relations: Past and Present" предлагает старшеклассникам разнообразный материал, изучаемый в 10-11 классах средней школы, и поможет ответить на любой вопрос по теме "Русско-британско-американские отношения: прошлое и настоящее". Нестандартная форма упражнений готовит учащихся к самостоятельному использованию лексики в рамках предложенной тематики. Каждый урок снабжен англо-русским тематическим словарем.
Цена: 461 руб. Купить
This brilliant book is packed with fascinating facts about the Solar System. The perfect first space book for young children.
Цена: 1575 руб. Купить
This best-selling dictionary is an authoritative and comprehensive source of jargon-free legal information. It contains over 4,700 entries that clearly define the major terms, concepts, processes, and the organization of the English legal system. Entries have been fully updated for this edition to incorporate the latest legislation, including entries on foreign national offenders, Police and Crime Commissioners, corporate manslaughter, and settlement agreements, and there is a useful Writing and Citation Guide that specifically addresses problems and established conventions for writing legal essays and reports. Now providing more information than ever before, this edition features recommended web links for many entries, which are accessed and kept up to date via the Dictionary of Law companion website. Described by leading university lecturers as "the best law dictionary" and "excellent for non-law students as well as law undergraduates", this classic dictionary is an invaluable source of legal reference for professionals, students, and anyone else needing succinct clarification of legal terms. Focusing primarily on English law, it also provides a one-stop source of information for any of the many countries that base their legal system on English law. Readership : Students and lecturers of law, professional lawyers, and anyone needing clear definitions of legal terms.