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100 Years Of Degradation Essay Research Paper

100 Years Of Degradation Essay, Research Paper

Students were assigned this essay as an inside look at oppression and racism

from the last one hundred years, told by two elderly ladies in the book, Having

Our Say. 100 Years of Degradation There are several books that have to be read

in English 095. Having Our Say is one of them. My advice is to read this book

while you are still in 090 or 094, just to get the advantage. These are some

things that you will discover in this extraordinary biography. This book is

tough to take as humorous, because it?s heart-wrenching to look at racism in

America, but Having Our Say, manages to pull off the feat. Having Our Say really

makes you think and tries to somehow reflect on the past as if you were actually

there. As a white male, I am amazed at how these two African American sisters

were able to live through over one hundred years of racism and discrimination,

and then be able to write about their experience in a humorous, yet very

interesting way. Having Our Say chronicles the lives of Sadie and Bessie Delany,

two elderly colored sisters (they prefer the term colored to African-American,

black, and negro), who are finally having their say. Now that everyone who ever

kept them down is long dead, Sadie and Bessie tell the stories of their

intriguing lives, from their Southern Methodist school upbringing to their

involvement in the civil rights movement in New York City. Sadie is the older,

103 years old, and sweeter of the sisters. The first colored high school teacher

in the New York Public School System, Sadie considers herself to be the Booker

T. Washington of the sisters, always shying away from conflict and looking at

both sides of the issue. Bessie is the younger sister, 101 years old, and is

much more aggressive. A self-made dentist who was the only colored female at

Columbia University when she attended dentistry school there, Bessie is the

W.E.B. Dubois of the sisters, never backing down from any type of confrontation.

As the sisters tell the stories of their ancestors and then of themselves, and

how they have endured over 150 years of racism in America, they tend to focus

mainly on the struggles that they encountered as colored women. Bessie brings

laughter to the book with her honest, frank, and sometimes, confrontational take

on life. Much of the humor arises from the interactions between the sisters

because of their opposite personalities. The Delany sisters were greatly

influenced by their father. With their father being a minister, the Delanys

learned excellent moral values. These morals played an important part in their

lives. They faced many hardships and trials in over one hundred years. Their

father?s influence played a major role in their survival. Other people in

society did not know how to react to the Delany sisters. They were different

from most other negro women of their day. They carried themselves with great

pride, and they demanded respect everywhere they went, whether they got it or

not. Although they were very different in many respects, they both possessed a

zest for life. People showed many different reactions to that. I believe that

Sadie and Bessie can teach us all a lesson in life. They were confident, life

filled women. They always tried to put forth a positive outlook on everything,

as if even the struggles were a blessing. For this we owe them a debt of

gratitude. Having Our Say can be somewhat confusing to read at times, but I

truly believe that it is worth the effort. This book will be part of my

collection for a long time. Since we do a bit of research into the times and

circumstances surrounding the books we read, I?ve discovered some interesting

things about their early life environment that might contribute to their

longevity. Harlem offered some amazing creativity in the early nineteen

hundreds. Much of this creativity was referred to as the Harlem Renaissance.

This period gave birth to such figures as Langston Hughes, Bill ?Bojangles?

Robinson, renowned writers such as Zora Neile Hurston, and many others. The

Renaissance also gave way to organizations such as National Association for the

Advancement of Colored People, the Urban League, and the Universal Negro

Improvement Association, several of which are all still operating. My view is

that the poetry was the best thing about this time. It was filled with emotion

and conviction. During my research, I read quite a few of the poems from the

Renaissance. In doing so, I had found a favorite. This poem is entitled

?Nocturne of the Wharves? by, Arna Bontemps. It reads: All night they whine

upon their ropes and boom against the dock with helpless prows: these little

ships that are too worn for sailing front the wharf but do not rest at all.

Tugging at the dim gray wharf they think no doubt of China and of bright Bombay,

and they remember islands of the East, Formosa and the mountains of Japan. They

think of cities ruined by the sea and they are restless, sleeping at the wharf.

Tugging at the dim grey wharf they think no less of Africa. An east wind blows

And salt spray sweeps the unattended decks. Shouts of dead men break upon the

night. The captain calls his crew and they respond– the little ships are

dreaming?land is near. But mist comes up to dim the copper coast, mist

dissembles images of the trees. The captain and his men alike are lost and their

shouts go down in the rising sound of waves. Ah little ships, I know your

weariness! I know the sea-green shadows of your dream. For I have loved the

cities of the sea, and desolations of the old days I have loved: I was a

wanderer like you and I have broken down before the wind. I believe that 090 and

094 English students will probably enjoy this type of reading. There is so much

more to this book than just the required reading. If you really look, there is

an all new type of culture that our generation has never experienced. These are

the things that make reading fun.

Delany, Sarah L. and A. Elizabeth. Having Our Say. New York: Dell Publishing,

1993. Poem by Arna Bontemps. ?Nocturne of Wharves?. http://www.nku.edu/~diesmanj/bontemps.html.

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