Galileo And Church Essay Research Paper Galileo

Galileo And Church Essay, Research Paper

Galileo, Science and the Church, by Jerome J. Langford, are about the trials and

tribulations of Galileo with the Roman Catholic Church in the 1600?s. The

church did not agree with Galileo?s ideas; mainly theories associated with

Copernican astronomy. The primary intention of Langford is to bring the truth of

Galileo?s trials to his readers, and to show that ultimately Galileo was

correct in his theories and was not trying to go against the churches? belief.

Galileo was merely trying to seek truth in science, and wanted to be known as a

historical scientific figure. Therefore, Galileo was unjustly accused,

ridiculed, and convicted of heresy. In Galileo?s defense of heresy, Langford

writes, ? This was an unfortunate decision on several accounts. First the

Copernican opinion was treated as heretical when, in reality, it was not.?

(155) Langford goes on to explain that the theological Consultors in 1616

recognized the earth?s mobility as ?formally heretical?, but this did not

make the immobility of the earth a matter of faith. Catholic philosophers and

theologians also agree that the decree of the Holy Office did not make the

immobility of the earth or the mobility of the sun a matter of faith. These

points clearly support the argument of Galileo?s unjust conviction of heresy.

Langford also uses excerpts of other writings to illustrate his main points. The

following is one of many excerpts Langford uses: ? Inasmuch as no dogmatic

decision was rendered in this case, either on the part of the Pope or on the

part of a Council ruled by the Pope and approved by him, it is not, by virtue of

that decree of the Congregation, a doctrine of faith that the sun is moving and

the earth standing still?. Yet every Catholic is bound by virtue of obedience

to conform to the decree of the Congregation, or at least not to teach what is

directly opposed to it.?(156) This excerpt, as do many others, clearly support

Langford?s argument. The church disagreed with Galileo?s thoughts. They

actually went as far as telling Galileo that he was to stop preaching his ideas

as long as he was involved with the church. Langford writes, ?Yet, recalling

the tone of the prohibition, Urban conceded that so long as Galileo treated the

Copernican theory as a hypothesis, he could write all he wanted on the

subject.? (114) If he would leave the church, he would be able to voice his

opinions and ideas freely. I believe Langford?s clever use of excerpts; prove

that he is not alone in his belief that Galileo was wrongly accused. He also

gets his point across by noting that the immobility of the earth is not a matter

of faith. This alone demonstrates that Galileo did not commit heresy. My opinion

is that the church should have allowed Galileo to voice his opinion of the

Copernican theory because he was trying to seek the truth in science, to better

educate the world, not trying to go directly against the church. Therefore,

Langford has succeeded in his belief that Galileo was unfairly convicted of



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