Essay, Research Paper
What would a logical person accept as proof of God? Would he require God Almighty to appear before him in order to acknowledge His existence? Would he apply this same criteria to everything else in life?
For example, would he not believe in the President of the United States unless he saw him in the flesh? He might counter that he has seen his photograph, but this does not meet the original criteria. Such photos are evidence based upon other evidence. That is, confidence in the news media and photography.
And what of George Washington of whom we have no original photographs? To believe in him requires that we depend on other evidence, primarily written documents by other men.
In all practicality and fairness then, let us apply the same criteria to the proofs of God that we would to anything else in life…namely evidence that demands our belief and places upon us a responsibility.
CREATION VS EVOLUTION
Either man was created by GOD with a purpose and a destiny, as the Bible declares, or he is a multifaceted complex organism accidentally and with no reason or purpose formed from non-living nothing.
If the latter is true, our innermost being is revolted at the loss. In addition, self gratification is the only value to physical life so “eat, drink and be merry for tomorrow we die!” On the other hand, if creation is our origin, how our being rejoices with hope and life takes on real meaning beyond the animal senses. We now have a purpose for living that gives our very existence real value. Let’s examine the FACTS…
ENTROPY1(second law of thermodynamics) Everything in the universe is in a state of progressive decay or disorder ? slowing down and burning out. If evolution were true, somewhere in the universe something would be evolving to a higher order. But such is not the case. Obviously this fact is evidence that the universe had a beginning of higher order, much like a ticking clock requires a watch-maker who not only made it but wound it.
When a broken leg or arm is placed into a cast to mend, doctors may recommend exercise of the restricted muscles. At best, when the cast is removed there is a weakness in the less active muscles. They have begun to deteriorate or atrophy. This is a scientific fact!
Many of the body’s organs would have no function until they are fully developed ? i.e. eyes, ears, heart, lungs, etc. Likewise, this is true of the special organs and features of animals, like wings, stingers, etc.
Until these organs, or features, are fully developed and functional they cannot be used. If they are not being used they are deteriorating due to atrophy and therefore cannot be developing! Here again is evidence pointing toward creation.
The little Bombardier beetle3 is only about 1/2 inch long and lives in the temperate zone all around the world. He is a marvelous illustration of special creation which speaks of a Creator. This beetle is equipped with combustion chambers in which he mixes chemicals that heat to 212 degrees and explode in the direction of an enemy. In order for this amazing weaponry to work, he first has twin storage chambers for the two chemicals, then twin combustion tubes where these chemicals are combined with two enzymes. There are valves on the combustion chambers so the beetle can release the gasses at just the right time as he swivels them toward his enemy. This is an extremely complex apparatus that could not and would not have simply evolved over thousands of years of uselessness, until it was all suddenly there. And, even if this were possible, who taught the first little beetle how to use it?
THE MISSING LINKS
If evolution (the slow process of natural selection and the transmutation of one animal species into another) were true, forms of transitional life would be easily found. Many years have passed since Darwin purported his now famous theory of evolution and no evidence of transitional forms has ever been found!4
This is amazing because we should not be looking for a missing link, but for thousands or perhaps millions of links in all forms of plant and animal life. We should literally be tripping over them. We should have no need to search them out in crevices of rocks. They should be all around us, alive and in fossil form. Where are the fossils of stubby winged flies, birds and bats who could not fly because their wings had not developed sufficiently as yet, but they were on their way? Where are the 3, 4, and 6-eyed creatures with whom the great, but ignorant, god of evolution was experimenting until it discovered 2 were best. Likewise the 1, 3 and 4-eared bunnies, the 1-legged, 3-armed baboon… and the list would go on into eternity if evolution were true. And, this is not even considering the multitudes of transitional forms like half reptile and half bird, etc.
STERILITY OF HYBRIDS5
A true hybrid is a cross between individuals of distinct species. Where gestation is similar, it is possible artificially to cross individuals of distinct species. In nature, this all but never happens. However, naturally or artificially, the offspring of such crosses are sterile! They cannot reproduce and therefore could not possibly generate a new species as is required to make the theory of evolution true. For years wild horses and wild donkeys have run loose on the plains, but there are no wild mules. The mule is the product of the mating of a horse and a donkey. He is a stubborn example of sterility of hybrids and a roadblock to evolution.6
In the fossil record, life appears suddenly and fully developed.7 This destroys the theory of evolution which demands slow development over vast periods of time. Evolution requires intermediary forms by the millions upon millions, yet none exist. If creation is true we would expect to find life forms appearing suddenly and fully formed … and, we do! If evolution were true, the transition from invertebrates to vertebrates must have involved billions of animals, but no one has ever found a fossil of ONE of them.8
LIFE FROM LIFE
All observable evidence tells us that life only begets life. Life has never been observed to come from inorganic or lifeless materials, in nature or in the laboratory. This law is evidence that all life, including you and me, came from the hand of the ONE Who is life.
“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made. In Him was life; and the life was the light of men.” John 1:1-4
The probability of the origin of life by accident is beyond all reason. To illustrate probability, we may line up two objects, “A” and “B”, in two orders, A and B or B and A. Three objects may be lined up in 6 different orders. The list below shows a bold number which represents objects, followed by the number of different possibilities in which that many objects could be lined up:
1 – 1
2 – 2
3 – 6
4 – 24
5 – 120
6 – 720
7 – 5,040
8 – 40,320
9 – 362,880
10 – 3,628,800
11 – 39,916,800
12 – 479,001,600
13 – 6,227,020,800
14 – 87,178,291,200
15 – 1,307,674,368,000
16 – 20,922,789,888,000
17 – 355,687,428,096,000
18 – 6,402,373,705,728,000
19 – 121,645,100,408,832,000
20 – 2,432,902,008,176,640,000
21 – 51,090,942,171,709,440,000
Now, what is the point? A cellular enzyme molecule is made up of a chain of some 100 to 500 amino acids, of which there are 20 kinds in living systems. Calculating the probability of a functional enzyme happening by chance is more complicated than the n factorial in our list (which assumes n kinds of items arranged n at a time). Scientists10, 11 generously estimate there is 1 chance in 1020 for amino acids to just happen to join up in the right order to form a simple enzyme molecule. Even if this did happen, we still would not have life, only a tiny part of a complete set of enzymes and DNA required for a living cell.
Now calculate the chances of this one enzyme molecule somehow coming together with 100 other required different but similarly improbable enzymes at the same time and somehow being enclosed by a membrane in order to hold them all together to form a living cell: the probability is less than 1 in (1020)100, or 102000. This is Denton?s estimate10. Hoyle11 estimates 1 in 1040,000. To put these huge numbers in perspective, compare them to the estimated number of subatomic particles in the entire observable universe12 which is about 1080. Even Denton?s 1 in 102000 is a probability too infinitesimally small to be imagined!
THE WORD OF GOD
The Bible alone is proof of the existence of God! Write P.O. Box 662, Orangevale, CA 95662 for a FREE study entitled “Proofs the Bible is the Word of God.”
EVIDENCE OF CHRIST IN YOU
If you are a Christian, your new spiritual birth is evidence of a living God. You have the evidence within yourself!
“He that believeth on the Son of God hath the witness in himself: He that believeth not God hath made him a liar; because he believeth not the record that God gave of his Son. And this is the record, that God hath given to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son.” John 5:10-11
“Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new.” II Corinthians 5:17
“…Christ in you, the hope of Glory.” Colossians 1:27
1. Henry M. Morris, “Does Entropy Contradict Evolution?”, Impact No 141, Institute for Creation Research, El Cajon, CA, 1985
2. For a fascinating listing of hundreds of features of special creation in the animal kingdom, see Fred J. Meldau, “Why We Believe in Creation Not Evolution,” Christian Victory Publishing, Denver, CO, 1968
3. Duane Gish, Ph.D, “The Bombardier Beetle” (Article), CRI, El Cajon, CA
4. Henry Morris, Ph.D, “Scientific Creationism”, Master Books, El Cajon, CA 1987, p. 82
5. John R. Hand, “Why I Accept the Genesis Record,” Back to the Bible Broadcast, Lincoln, Nebr.,1959, p. 47
6. Ibid, p. 49.
7. See Duane T. Gish, Ph.D., “Evolution, the Fossils Say No,” Creation Life Publishers, San Diego, CA, 1973, p.49
8.See Henry Morris, Ph.D, “Scientific Creationism,” Master Books, El Cajon, CA, 1987, pp. 78-90
9. Ibid, p. 81
10. Michael Denton, PhD., “Evolution: A theory in Crises,” Adler & Adler, Bethesda, MD. 1985, p.323
11. Fred Hoyle and Chandra Wickramasinghe, “Evolution from Space,” J.M. Dent & Sons, London, p.24
12. Encyclopaedia Britannica, “Superunification and the Planck era,” Encyclopaedia Britannica CD 97, 1996