Jamaican Food And Style Essay, Research Paper
Jamaica is a beautiful island south of
Cuba, between North and South America. The island has a great deal
of “rich agricultural land, and although much of the mountainous are is
not very fertile, here and there in the hills are pockets of land which
can bear abundantly” (Buisseret, 1969, i). Jamaica’s uniformities
and diversities concerning their food, as well as their unique religious
functions, geography, economics, and technology contribute to their distinctive
Most Jamaicans are able to produce their
own food, such as sugar crops, bananas, and citrus fruits (Buisseret, 1969,
58). They use these products in trade, as well as for themselves.
Also, they grow a great deal of domestic crops, such as “corn, vegetables,
fruits, cassave, yam, cocoes, dasheeen, and sweet potatoes” (Bent, 1966,
44). Though rice is an important food to Jamaicans, they are forced
to import it from Guyana, mainly (Bent, 1966, 45). Also, beef cattle,
pigs, poultry, fish, and sheep are a significant part of the Jamaican food
consumption. They raise them themselves, though sheep rearing is
a great deal less successful. Most of the meat consumed in Jamaica
is imported or grown by a few local livestock owners. Jamaicans buy
their goods at markets in the largely populated cities (Bent, 1966, 75-78).
Planters are well respected in Jamaican society, since they tend to be
more well-off than most (Stewart, 1971, 126). Most food preparation
involves pepper and the cook’s “special ingredients”; however, much of
the cooking of meat is done in small drums on charcoals (Johnson, 1982,
25). Jamaicans are much like Americans concerning their food storage.
They keep dried foods in pantries and keep milk, etc. in refrigerators
(Johnson, 1982, 84). The act of eating itself is also “modernized
just like the United States” (Johnson, 1982, 86). Also, they
dispose of food in the generalized dumps, though mainly, food is not wasted
in the Jamaican culture.
The only unique function of the Jamaican
food culture is the drinking that occurs during the reggae concerts.
The concerts occur almost everywhere in smaller, more rural areas, and
the Jamaicans drink a great deal of rum. Rum is an alternative income
for the estates when the sugar production is not good. No religious
feasting seems to occur in Jamaica, oddly enough, since a great deal of
feasting tends to occur on holidays. Rum consumption is the Jamaican’s
main way to celebrate a festive occasion (Phillipo, 1975, 115).
Geography very obviously influences the
Jamaican food ways: bananas, sugar cane, and citrus fruits are the
main exports due to the warmer Jamaican climate (Buisseret, 1969, 55).
Though the terrain is very rugged, farmers have worked past the scrubby
area (Buisseret, 1969, 56). Also, Jamaican economics influence the
food ways. Since Jamaica is still considered to be an underdeveloped
country, most of the economy revolves around the import and export of food.
Though imports are a great deal more expensive, Jamaica export money has
increased a great deal in the recent past, making food cheaper and easier
to obtain (Johnson, 1982, 96). Jamaican technology has also made
it possible to store food more efficiently (Johnson, 1982, 94).
Jamaican food culture is an interesting
collection of diverse and exotic foods. Their society places a great
deal of importance on food due to their importing and exporting.
Their food ways are much like America’s in their storage and preparation.
Though they do not really have much religious association with their foods,
alcoholic beverages are a major part of their culture as well. A
Jamaican’s way of life is defined by the foods and the types of foods they
Bent, R.M. (1966). A Complete Geography
of Jamaica. London: Collins Clear-Type Press.
Buisseret, David. (1969). Historic
Jamaica. Barbados: Caribbean Universities Press.
Johnson, Alexander W. (1982). Jamaicans.
Philadelphia: University Press.
Phillipo, James M. (1975). Jamaica.
New York, NY: University Press.
Stewart, John. (1971). An Account
of Jamaica. New York, NY: Library Press.