China Essay, Research Paper
Among one of the first dynasties the Qin dynasty would be the start to
revolutionize the world. The Qin dynasty was ruled by Qin Shihuangdi in the late 200 s
BCE. In creating the first empire, Qin Shihuangdi divided the land into separate provinces
and districts, standardized laws and public works.
Qin created a bureaucracy in China by dividing the lands into thirty-six separate
provinces, The first emperor divided the country into thirty-six commanderies…
(Territorial, Political and Cultural Growth of China, 309). These provinces were further
divided into many separate districts which were governed by three Qin representatives: a
civil governor, a military governor and an imperial inspector. These three representatives
governed their districts and collected taxes for the emperor, Thus tax collection and
conscription of men for the army and labor on government projects and all other important
functions were centralized (Peijin). Creating a bureaucracy caused China to modify and
set ideas of laws.
Along with the implementation of the bureaucracy came much standardization.
The written language was standardized, as were the systems of weights, measurements
and currencies, The individual systems of weights, measures and currency which had
existed in each of the Warring States were changed to conform to the Qin state standard
(Peijin). Furthermore, an uniform set of laws were established throughout the empire.
Even such seemingly trivial things like the axle seize in carts were standardized, … even
the axle length of carts was made uniform (Peijin). Because with a standard size cart, the
emperor was able to build standard size roads.
Public works was a huge part of the Empire. Construction of the Great Wall
began during Qin s rule, although it didn t reach its full glory until the Ming dynasty, The
Qin dynasty commanded a high level of technological skill and artistic talent, as attested by
the first emperor s mausoleum, an enormous complex of underground chambers extending
over an area of twenty-one square miles(Territorial, Political and Cultural Growth of
China, 309). Many canals and roads were built during his reign, …established conditions
for the improvement of production, transportation, communications, administration and
cultural mingling among the different parts of the country (Peijin). Public works is still
used today in the modern world.
Dividing the land into separate provinces and districts, standardizing laws and
public works helped unify the empire. Qin help revolutionize hierarchies used in the
modern world. probably the most important legacy was the written language; it allows for
communication between different ethnic groups. Third, the public works allows us to
navigate but roads, canal and railroads. Because of Qin s idea to unify the world, it has
help by giving us our modern ideas.
Peijin, Wang. The Qin Dynasty: The Great Wall and the Unification of
China. The Center For Teaching About China. Chicago, IL.
The Territorial, Political and Cultural Growth of China.