Cloning Essay, Research Paper
Adolf Hitler was born on April 20, 1889 in an Austrian town called Braunau. He was the forth child of Alois Schickelgruber and Klara Schickelgruber. Two of Hitlers siblings died from diphtheria when they were children and one shortly after birth. Hitler?s father was a customs official and was described as a very strict but comfortable man. As a child Hitler was showered with love by his mother.
When Adolf was three, his family moved to pass along the Inn river on the German side of the border. Hitler then became an older brother because two years later Klara gave birth to a boy named Edmond. The family moved once more in 1895 to the farm community of Hatfeld, 30 miles southwest of Linz. In 1896 Hitler?s sister Paula was born which was the sixth member of the family.
After another move, Adolf lived for six months across from a large Benedictine Monastery. As a young child Hitler?s dream was to join the priesthood. By 1900 Hitler found his talents as a artist but did not do well enough to be eligible for either the university preparatory ?gymnasium? or the technical/scientific realschule. Adolf accepted his fathers advice to enroll him in the realschule but did not do very well there.
Adolf had to quit school at age 16 because of lung infections and bad grades. At this time Adolf?s father died after suffering a pleural hemorrhage. During 1906, Adolf was allowed to visit Vienna but was unable to gain permission to a prestigious art school. Adolf?s mother was suffering from a terminal breast cancer and was treated by Dr. Edward Bloch. He was a Jewish doctor who served the poor. After many expensive treatments and very painful drugs she died on December 21, 1907.
Hitler spent six years in Vienna, living on a small legacy from his father and an orphan?s pension. Broke by 1909, he wandered Vienna as a transient, sleeping in bars, Flophouses, and shelters for the homeless. It was this time of life when Hitler developed his prejudice against Jews and his interest in politics and debating skills. In May 1913, Hitler was seeking to avoid military service so he left Vienna for Munich, the capital of Bavaria. In January 1914, the police came to his door bearing a draft notice from the Austrian Government.
The latter threatened a year in prison and a fine if he was found guilty of leaving his land for intent of evading conscription. Hitler was arrested on the spot and was taken to the Austrian Consulate where they found him to be unfit, to weak, and unable to bear arms.?
When World War I stared by the assassination by a Serb, Hitler?s passion against for foreiners, mainly slaves, was inflamed. Hitler submitted a petition to enlist in the Bavarian Army. After less then two months of training Hitler was accepted. His first combat was Ypres against the British and the Belgians. Hitler escaped death in battle several times and was eventually awarded two iron crosses for bravery. Hitler rose to rank of Lance Corporal but did not go any further.
In October 1916, he was wounded by an enemy shell and evacuated to a Berlin area hospital. After serving four years in the trenches he was temporarily blinded by a mustard gas attack in Belgium in October 1918. Communist inspired insurrections shook German while Hitler was recovering from injuries. Some Jews were leaders of these abortive revolutions and his inspired hatred of Jews as well as communist.
On November ninth the Kaiser abdicated and the socialist gained control of the government. Anarchy was more the rule in the cities. The Free Corps was a paramilitary organization composed of vigilante war veterans who banded together to fight the growing communist insurgency. Its members formed the nucleus of the Nazi brown shirts which served as the Nazi party?s army.
When Germany lost the war, the German monarchy came to a end and was proclaimed. After that a constitution was written providing the president with broad political and military power and aparliamentary democracy. Next a national election was held to elect four hundred and twenty three deputees to the national assembly. The centrist parties swept to victory. The result was what is known as the Weimar Republic. On June 28, 1919, the German government ratified the treaty of Versailles. Under terms of treaty which ended hostilities in the war, Germany has to pay reparations for all civilians damages caused by the war. Germany also lost many German territory. The treaty also put damage in the military because now the German army was only allowed to have 100,000 men.
After the war Hitler was recruited into a military intelligence and was assigned to keep tabs on the German workers party. There were only a handful of members but it was disorganized and had no program until members expressed a right-wing doctrine consonant with Hitler. Hitler saw this party as a way to reach his political ends. Hitler?s blossoming hatred of the Jews became part of the organization?s political platform.
Hitler gained more control of the group and made it so that it was not just a discussion making group but an actual political party. Hitler advertised the parties meetings in a anti – Semitic newspaper. The turning point of Hitler?s mesmerizing oratorical career occurred at one such meeting that took place on October 16, 1919. With the assistance of the party staff, Hitler drafted a party program consisting of twenty?five points. This platform was presented at a public meeting on February 24, 1920 with over two thousand eager fans.
After hecklers were forcibly removed by Hitler supporters armed with rubber truncheons and whips. Hitler electrified the audience with his masterful demagoguery. Jews were the main target of his diatribe and among the twenty five points were revoking the Versailles Treaty confiscating war profits expropriating land without compensationfor use by the state, revoking civil rights foe Jews and expelling those Jews who had emigrated into Germany after the war began.
In January of 1923, French and Belgian troops marched into Germany to settle a reparations dispute. Germans resented this occupation, which also had an adverse affect on the economy. Hitler?s party benefited by the reaction to this development and exploited it by holding mass protest rallies despite a band of such rallies by the local Police. The Nazi party began drawing thousands of new members many whom mainly wanted to blame all there troubles on the Jews.
The Bavarian government defined the Weimer Republic, accusing it of being too far left. Hitler endorsed the fall of the Weimer Republic, and declared at a public rally on October 30, 1923 that he was prepared to march on Berlin to get rid of the government of the communists and the Jews. On November 8, 1923, Hitler held a rally at a Munich beer hall and proclaimed a revolution.
The next day Hitler led two thousand armed ?brown shirts? in an attempt to take over the Bavarian government. This putsch was resisted and put down by the police, after more then a dozen men were killed in the fighting. Hitler suffered a broken and dislocated arm. Hitler was arrested and was imprisoned at Landsberg. He received a five year sentence.
Hitler served nine months of his five year sentence and while in prison wrote a book called Mein Kampf. It was partly an autobiographical book which also detailed his views on the future of the German people. There were several targets of the vicious diatribes in the book, such as democrats, communists and internationalists. But he reserved the brunt of his vituperation for the Jews, whom he portrayed as responsible for all the problems and evils of the world, particularly democracy, communism and internationalism, as well as Germany?s defeat in the war.
Jews were the German nation?s true enemy, he wrote. They had no culture of there own, he asserted, but perverted existing cultures such as Germany?s with there parasitism. As such they were not a race but a anti-race. Germany could stop the Jews from conquering the world only by eliminating them. BY doing so, Germany could also find living space without the superior German culture would end. This living space, Hitler also said would come from conquering Russia and the Slavic countries.
The empire would be launched after the democracy was eliminated and called upon to rebuild the German Reich. The second volume of Mein Kampf was published in 1927. It included a history of the Nazi party to that time and its program, as well as primer on how to obtain and retain political power, how to use propaganda and terrorism and how to build political organization.
Once released from prison, Hitler decided to seize power constitutionally than by force of arms so by using demagogic oratory, Hitler spoke to scorch of mass audiences calling for the German people to resist the yoke of the Jews and communists, and to create a new young empire which would rule the world for one thousand years. Hitler?s Nazi Party captured 18% of the popular vote in 1930 elections.
In 1932 Hitler ran for president in won 30% of the vote, forcing the eventual victor, Paul Von Hidenburg, into a run off election, a political deal was made to make Hitler Chancellor in exchange for his political support. His was appointed in that office in January 1933. Upon death of Hindenburg in August 1934, Hitler was the consensus successor. With an improving economy, Hitler claimed credit and consolidated his position as a dictator, having seceded in eliminating challenges from other political parties and government institutions. The German industrial machine was built up in preparation for war.
By 1937, he was comfortable enough to put his master plan as outlined in Mein Kampf, into effect. Calling his top military aides together at the Fahrer Conference in November 1937, he outlined his plans for world domination. Those who objected to his plans were dismissed.
Hitler ordered the annexation of Austria and the Sudetenland in 1938. Hitler?s army invaded Poland on September 1, 1939 sparking France & England to declare war on Germany. A Blitzkrieg on German tanks and infantry swept through most of Western Europe as nation after nation fell to the German war machine. Hitler ignored a non-aggression pact he had signed with the Soviet Union in August 1939. Several early victories after the invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941, were reversed with crushing defeats at Moscow & Stalingrad.
The United States entered the war in December 1941. By 1941, the allies invaded occupied Europe at Normandy Beach on the French coast, German cities were being destroyed be bombing, and Italy, Gemany?s major ally under the leadership of fascist dictator Benito Mussolini, had fallen. Several attempts were made on Hitler?s life during the war but none were successful. As the war appeared by the inevitable lot and his handpicked lieutenants, seeing his army defied his order. Hitler killed himself on April 30, 1945. His long term bride, Eva Braun joined him in suicide. They never had children. By the time, one of his chief objectives was achieved with the annihilation of two-thirds of European Jewry.
Hitler had many way?s in which to punish the Jew?s such as death camps. One of the main death camps were called Aushwitz and was located 60km west of Dokow. Auschwitz was first built shortly after Poland?s defeat. Three different death camps were set up Aushwitz 1 was built in 1940, Auschwitz 2 was built in 1941, and last Auschwitz 3 was built in 1942.
Hitler had set up a method in which to identify the Jews from other people in the camps. Jews were labeled with a tattoo on there left arm. The tattoo simply had number on it which said who you were. 405,000 people were registered this way but only 65,000 of them survived. There were many different ways that Jews were killed. The main cause of extermination was Gas Chambors . The first gas chamber were set up in 1939 and carbon monoxide were used to kill the Jews. The Nazi had divised a efficient way of killing a mass number of Jews.
The Gas Chamber were rooms which were packed with a mass number of Jews and children on top. In the fall of 1942 the Nazis enlarged all gas chambers and they were now able to hold 2500 people at one time. Towards the end of the Nazi rule they started to experiment with other gasses such as Zyclon B. There were many otherways in which Jew?s were were exacuated. Some of the ways were people were shop and then buried dead or alive, bodies were cut up and then pieced back together, children were thrown into blazing fires, many babies were drowned alive. 10 out of 100 people were put into ditches and just randomly shot.