Мир Знаний

Вивчення теми "Великобританія: видатні міста та особистості" на уроках англійської мови (стр. 5 из 7)

Обладнання: підручник, "Catch a bus, take a taxi" (HO,), додаткова частина тексту "About the Traffic in London" (H02), "Which sentences do not fit to the text" (H03).

ХІД УРОКУ

І. ПІДГОТОВКА ДО СПРИЙНЯТТЯ ІНШОМОВНОГО МОВЛЕННЯ

Aim1. Повідомлення теми та мети уроку.

Т: The topic of our today's lesson is "About the Traffic in London". By the end of the lesson you should be able:

• to talk about city transport and transport in London;

• to revise words and words combinations for this topic;

• to identify main ideas and details from the text for reading.

Warm-up2. Уведення в іншомовну атмосферу.

Lexical Game "Biggies!" Write the sentences on the blackboard.

1) David ran all the way to the stop, but he missed the biggie.

2) A biggie way to get to different places in the city is to use an Underground train. Students should guess from the context what "biggie" means in each case (bus, quick). Then ask students to work in pairs, and to make up two of their own "biggies!" Point out that "biggie" can be a noun, verb, adjective, etc., and explain that it must be possible to guess the meaning. They have to make "biggie", using the topic "City transport".

Now divide the class into two teams, A and B, and proceed as follows: Team A reads out one of their "biggies".

Team В has three chances to guess the exact word. If they guess the word, Team В scores one point.

Tt they fail to guess the word and the context is clear, Team A scores one point. But if the context is not clear, Team A loses a point.

The game continues with teams A and В taking turns to read and guess the "biggies".

II. ОСНОВНА ЧАСТИНА УРОКУ

Vocabulary1. Повторення та активізація ЛО теми "Citytransport".

Review1) Eliciting. Схематичний запис слів, що асоціюються в учнів з даною темою.

Т: How much do you remember about city transport. Draw "Mind Map" to refresh your knowledge.

2) Competition. Практикування учнів у вживанні ЛО за темою. Т: Make up as many sentences as you can using "Mind Map". Скласти якомога більше речень, використовуючи "Mind Map".

3) Conversation. Бесіда з учнями. Т: Answer the questions.

What is the most reliable means of transport in your town?

Do you know the town you live in very well?

Can you give some advice as to getting around your town?

What number (bus, trolley-bus, tram, shattle minibus) do you take when you go to the central square (central Part, etc)?

What kind of transport do you like best?

What is the usual interval between trains of the underground?

From what time in the morning till what time at night do trams and buses run?

How long does it take you to get to the Palace of sports (Zoo, etc. )?

4) Practisingvocabulary. Виконання додаткової вправи на вживання ЛО.

Т: Read the words and word-combinations about "City Transport", refresh your knowledge, then do the following exercises:

(HO1):

Catch a bus, take a taxi
Bus Underground Train Taxi Car
driver driver driver driver
drives drives drivers drives
(£) fare fare (£) fare
catch/take catch/take take go by
get on/off get on/off get in/out get in/out
bus stop underground station taxi rank parking lot

б) T: Cross out the incorrect word in these sentences. They are on the blackboard. She told him to get in/get on the car and fasten his seat belt. Trains to the airport travel/run every half an hour.

We were late, so we had to take/catch a taxi. I left my house a bit late and I lost/missed the bus. в) Are these statements true or false in your experience? Trains are more reliable than buses. Train fares are more expensive than bus fares. Underground stations are nicer places than bus stations. You get to the place you are going faster by taxi than by car.

5) Speaking. Повідомлення учнів за заданою ситуацією. Т: You have a new pupilin your school.

He/she knows nothing about your town's life and how to get around your town. Give him/her some advice concerning kinds of transport he/she should use.

Reading2. Пред'явлення тексту для читання "About the Traffic in London", впр. 57 (стор. 40—41) та його додаткової частини.

(Н02):

A quick and easy way to get to different places in the city is to use an underground train. The trains run all day and most of the night. It's better to buy a ticket before you get on the train and not to make journey between eight o'clock and ten o'clock in the morning, or four o'clock and six o'clock in the evening. These are called the "rush" hours.

Thousands of people are going to work or coming home again then, and it is difficult to move or to find a place to sit on the train.

There are some special visitors' buses. They take visitors from different countries and cities to many of the interesting places in the city on one journey. It takes about one and a half hours. But visitors can break their journey and get off (and on again) at the different places they want to visit.

London taxis are called «black cabs». Most of them are black, but some are not.

Everyone can stop a taxi if it has a "For Hire" sign on it. The drivers are usually friendly and helpful.

Visitors can take a boat trip along the river Thames. Boats leave Westminster Pier and Charing Cross Pier, and they go to Tower Pier and Greenwich.

Between April and October, visitors can take a longer boat trip to Hampton Court (about four hours) — a beautiful palace in a big park.

1) Pre-ReadingActivities. Етап підготовки до читання тексту. Problem solving. Т: What do you think?

Are the traffic rules in Britain different from those in other European countries? In Ukraine the cars and buses go on the right side of the street. What about the Great Britain?

Look at the picture on page 40. What means of transport can you see there? Is the street blocked with transport or is the road clear? Why don't we see any people | there?

What part of the day is it? What makes you think so?

2) While-Reading Activities. Етап власне читання та виконання вправ під час читання.

а) Skimming. Переглядове читання тексту з метою отримання загального уявлення про його зміст.

Т: Look the text through and say if the following commonly held beliefs about London transport are true.

In London and in other towns of England the cars and buses go on the left side of the street.

Most of London taxis are black.

б) Scanning. Читання тексту з метою максимально повного та точного розуміння всієї інформації, що міститься в тексті та критичного її осмислення.

(Н03):

Which sentences do not fit to the text about the traffic in London.

1. All the buses in London have a conductor.

2. A quick and easy way to get to different places in the city is to use an Underground train.

3. You can find most of the big shops, hotels, museums, art galleries, theatres and concert halls in the West End.

4. The drivers are usually friendly and helpful.

5. One of them helped me to carry my luggage.

6. The boats were new.

7. London taxes are called "black cabs".

8. Visitors can take a boat trip along the River Thames.

3) Post-Reading Activities. Контроль розуміння тексту та виконання післятекстових комунікативних вправ.

а) Т: Answer the questions.

Are the traffic rules in Britain different from those in other European countries?

Do all the buses in London have a conductor?

What is the quickest way to get to different places in the city?

What time is not good for making journey?

Are the most of London taxis black?

б) T: Imagine you are a participant of a summer Language Retreat.

Ask your host-parents about means of transport you should use to get to your classes.

III. ЗАКЛЮЧНА ЧАСТИНА УРОКУ

Homework1. Домашнє завдання.

Впр. 57 (стор. 40-41). Переказати текст.

Summarizing 2. Підбиття підсумків уроку.

Т: Which activities have we done?

Was it interesting for you to know more about London and its traffic? What means of transport do you remember?


УРОК 10

Підтема:Найбільші бібліотеки світу. Бібліотека Британського музею — одне з визначних місць Лондона.

Мета:Підготувати учнів до самостійного висловлювання про бібліотеку Британського музею наоснові прочитаного тексту.

Практикувати в аудіюванні тексту з метою максимально повного та точного розуміння всій інформації, що міститься в ньому.

Обладнання: підручник, фотографія або картинка з зображенням Бібліотеки Британського музею, текст "Libraries" (HO,), "TrueorFalse" (H02), (H03), питання до тексту "Libraries" на дошці.

ХІД УРОКУ

І. ПІДГОТОВКА ДО СПРИЙНЯТТЯ ІНШОМОВНОГО МОВЛЕННЯ

Aim1. Повідомлення теми та мети уроку.

Т: We are going to talk about libraries today.

Do you know the greatest libraries in the world? Where are they?

By the end of the lesson you should be able:

• to identify main ideas and details from the text for listening and for reading;

• to participate in common conversational exchange about the topic of today's lesson

Warm-up2. Уведення в іншомовну атмосферу.

Game "Sentence Expansion Exercise"

Правила організації гри. Учні діляться на дві команди. На дошці ліворуч і праворуч написано коротку модель речення.

Т: I provide you with a Model sentence. Read carefully the Model sentence. Try to add a single element to expand it. Do it in turn.

A second student of your team adds another element and so on. You have to add adjectives, adverbs, prepositional phrases, clauses or any other elements. Don't cheat!

Which team will expand the longest sentence? Model sentence^. There are libraries in towns Зразки розширення:

There are libraries in different towns.

There are a lot of libraries in different towns. Etc.

Варіант розширення речення (модель однієї з команд).

There are a lot of libraries for adults and children full of books in different languages, telling about different historical events, nations and about the whole world, in different towns, villages and cities.

II. ОСНОВНА ЧАСТИНА УРОКУ

Listening1. Пред'явлення тексту для аудіювання "Libraries".

1) Pre-ListeningActivities. Етап підготовки до слухання тексту.

а) Answer the questions.

Т: Do you sometimes borrow books from a library? What do you call a person who works in a library? What kind of books can you find there? Do you know the origin of the word "Library"?

б) T: Listen and repeat.

Egypt ['i:d3ipt] В C ['bi'sij

Alexandria [aelig'zaindriə] papyrus [pə'pəirəs]

Assyria [a'siriə] Ptolomy I ['tolami də fə:st]

2) While-Listening Activities. Етап слухання тексту та виконання завдань, а) Первинне слухання тексту з метою отримання загального уявлення про його зміст.

Т: Listen to the text and say if the libraries are an ancient human invention.

(HO1): Libraries

The word "library" comes from the Latin word "liber", meaning "book!"

This is a place where information in print (books, manuscripts, periodicals and musical scores) and in other forms is collected and arranged to serve people of all ages and interests.

Libraries appeared in ancient times in Egypt, Assyria, Green and Rome. Perhaps the most famous library of that early age was at Alexandria. It was found by Ptolomy 1.

By the middle of the first century В. C. there were 700,000 papyrus rolls in the library.

The library today is a centre for all kinds of communications: printed, pictured, recorded, and even electronically stored. People go to the library to read, look, listen, search, relax, discuss, learn, and think.

Libraries can be found in many places. There are libraries in small towns and large cities, and there are libraries in schools, universities, colleges.

The largest and the best known libraries in the world are: the British National Library in London, the Library of Congress in Washington and Russian State Library.

The national libraries of different countries keep in touch and exchange books and information.

Central scientific Library is the largest one in Ukraine.

It was founded in 1919 as the Ukrainian National Library. By 1940, its Collection numbered about 5,000,000 books.

Today the Central scientific Library in Kyiv has got 10,000,000 books, and contains the richest collection of old Ukrainian books.

In addition, there are 350,000 manuscripts from the 15-18"1 centuries, 175,000 musical pieces, 177,000 reproductions.

Libraries are a real wealth of any country.

б) Повторне прослуховування тексту з метою максимально повного та точного розуміння всієї інформації, що міститься в ньому. Т: Listen to the text again and say if the sentences are true or false

(H02):

True or False. True False
A library is a place where information in print and in other forms is collected.
Libraries appeared in ancient tomes.
There were 700 papyrus rolls in the library at Alexandria.
Central scientific Library is the largest one in Ukraine.

3) Post-Listening Activities. Контроль розуміння тексту та виконання вправ після його прослуховування. a) Answer the questions.

What word does the word "library" come from?

What is a library?

Where did the first libraries appear?

What do you know about the famous library at Alexandria? What is the library today? Where can libraries be found? Why do people go to the libraries? What are the famous libraries of the world? What is the largest library in Ukraine? What can you find there? 6) Pretend to be a school librarian. Tell the schoolchildren about the libraries as an ancient human invention. Use the questions on the blackboard as a plan.

Reading2. Пред'явлення тексту для читання "TheBritishMuseumLibrary", впр. 58 (стор. 41).

1) Pre-Reading Activities. Етап підготовки до читання.

а) Answer the questions.

T: Do you want to know more about the famous libraries in the world? Let's read the text "The British Museum Library". How many books does it contain?